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date: 17 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The introduction of biofuels to agriculture has led to a new reality by linking agricultural and livestock sectors with energy markets. This article reviews the underlying assumptions and major findings of models being used to measure the land use impact of biofuels to develop an understanding of the drivers of land use change with biofuels. These studies show that biofuels have the potential to meet a significant percentage of liquid fuel demand and demand for renewable electricity in the future and that current targets being set in the United States and the European Union for renewable fuels are feasible with moderate increases in crop prices. Models differ in their assessment of the magnitude and location of global land use change due to biofuels but show that some trade-offs between food and fuel production are inevitable. High yielding feedstocks and growth in productivity of food crops can mitigate the adverse impacts of biofuels.

Keywords: biofuels, crop prices, feedstocks, land use, partial equilibrium models, general equilibrium models

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