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date: 13 June 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter reviews the large body of research on discrimination in the fields of social and political psychology. It explores the relationship between discrimination and prejudice and finds that both implicit and explicit attitudes and stereotypes play a key role in the decisions of social, including political, actors. The chapter outlines various conditions under which discrimination is likely to manifest, details the forms it takes across a range of social and political contexts, and discusses its many consequences. It discusses strategies that have been shown to be effective at reducing prejudice and stereotyping, and at combatting discrimination directly. Psychology offers great promise in thinking about how discriminatory behaviors in the political sphere can be inhibited, and how people can be encouraged to overcome their biases.

Keywords: discrimination, prejudice, stereotypes, norms, minority, majority, racism, automatic, deliberate, motivation

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