- About the Contributors
- Introduction: Theoretical Foundations of Political Psychology
- Personality Approaches to Political Behavior
- Childhood and Adult Political Development
- Degrees of Rationality in Politics
- Behavioral Decision-Making
- Emotion and Political Psychology
- Toward an Evolutionarily Informed Political Psychology
- Genetic Foundations of Political Behavior
- Political Rhetoric
- Psychology and Foreign Policy Decision-Making
- Perceptions and Image Theory in International Relations
- Threat Perception in International Relations
- Crisis Management
- Personality Profiles of Political Elites
- Psychobiography: “the Child is Father of the man”
- Conflict Analysis and Resolution
- Political Information Processing
- Political Communication: Form and Consequence of the Information Environment
- Political Ideology
- Social Justice
- Networks, Interdependence, and Social Influence in Politics
- Political Deliberation
- From Group Identity to Political Cohesion and Commitment
- Social Movements and the Dynamics of Collective Action
- Prejudice and Politics
- Migration and Multiculturalism
- Discrimination Conditions, Consequences, and “Cures”
- The Psychology of Intractable Conflicts: Eruption, Escalation, and Peacemaking
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter reviews the large body of research on discrimination in the fields of social and political psychology. It explores the relationship between discrimination and prejudice and finds that both implicit and explicit attitudes and stereotypes play a key role in the decisions of social, including political, actors. The chapter outlines various conditions under which discrimination is likely to manifest, details the forms it takes across a range of social and political contexts, and discusses its many consequences. It discusses strategies that have been shown to be effective at reducing prejudice and stereotyping, and at combatting discrimination directly. Psychology offers great promise in thinking about how discriminatory behaviors in the political sphere can be inhibited, and how people can be encouraged to overcome their biases.
Ananthi Al Ramiah is an Assistant Professor of Social Science (Psychology) at Yale-NUS College, Singapore. She works in the area of intergroup social psychology and has written articles on the role of intergroup contact and social identity in reducing prejudice, the antecedents of intergroup contact, and the impact of diversity on intergroup relations.
Miles Hewstone is Professor of Social Psychology at the University of Oxford, and Fellow of New College. He has published widely in the field of social psychology, focusing on prejudice and stereotyping, intergroup contact, the reduction of intergroup conflict, sectarianism in Northern Ireland, and segregation and integration. He is a co-founding editor of the European Review of Social Psychology. He has presented his work to various public policy bodies and reviews, and was recipient of the 2012 Kurt Lewin Award (2012) from The Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues.
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