- About the Contributors
- Introduction: Theoretical Foundations of Political Psychology
- Personality Approaches to Political Behavior
- Childhood and Adult Political Development
- Degrees of Rationality in Politics
- Behavioral Decision-Making
- Emotion and Political Psychology
- Toward an Evolutionarily Informed Political Psychology
- Genetic Foundations of Political Behavior
- Political Rhetoric
- Psychology and Foreign Policy Decision-Making
- Perceptions and Image Theory in International Relations
- Threat Perception in International Relations
- Crisis Management
- Personality Profiles of Political Elites
- Psychobiography: “the Child is Father of the man”
- Conflict Analysis and Resolution
- Political Information Processing
- Political Communication: Form and Consequence of the Information Environment
- Political Ideology
- Social Justice
- Networks, Interdependence, and Social Influence in Politics
- Political Deliberation
- From Group Identity to Political Cohesion and Commitment
- Social Movements and the Dynamics of Collective Action
- Prejudice and Politics
- Migration and Multiculturalism
- Discrimination Conditions, Consequences, and “Cures”
- The Psychology of Intractable Conflicts: Eruption, Escalation, and Peacemaking
Abstract and Keywords
Political crises—episodes of threat, uncertainty, and urgency—present a devilish problem: A literal meaning of crisis is “turning point,” and the practical experience is one of complex choices made under stress. In crises, then, decision-making[CE1] is unusually consequential and unusually difficult. This chapter offers a schema of crises that is broader than the usual focus upon acute international confrontation, and suggests that tasks of reality testing, sense making, narrative framing, and lesson learning confront decision-makers during these episodes. We incorporate new theorizing on dual-process models that differentiates between automatic-affective and deliberative-cognitive systems. This new paradigm portrays human psychology as a mixture of automatic reactions and shortcuts on the one hand, and effortful, comprehensive information processing on the other.
Stephen Benedict Dyson is an Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Connecticut. He is the author of The Blair Identity: Leadership and Foreign Policy, and numerous articles on political leaders, political psychology, and foreign policy. He serves on the editorial board of the journal Foreign Policy Analysis.
Paul 't Hart is Professor of Public Administration at the Utrecht School of Governance, which he joined in 2001. He is also associate Dean at the Netherlands School of Government in The Hague. He was previously at Leiden University's Department of Public Administration from 1987-2004, and has held visiting positions at the University of Canberra, Nuffield College Oxford, and the Stockholm Centre of Organizational Research (SCORE) of Stockholm University. Between 2001-2005, he was adjunct professor of public management at the Swedish Defence College in Stockholm. He has authored or edited 20 books in English and a further 14 in Dutch.
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