- About the Contributors
- Introduction: Theoretical Foundations of Political Psychology
- Personality Approaches to Political Behavior
- Childhood and Adult Political Development
- Degrees of Rationality in Politics
- Behavioral Decision-Making
- Emotion and Political Psychology
- Toward an Evolutionarily Informed Political Psychology
- Genetic Foundations of Political Behavior
- Political Rhetoric
- Psychology and Foreign Policy Decision-Making
- Perceptions and Image Theory in International Relations
- Threat Perception in International Relations
- Crisis Management
- Personality Profiles of Political Elites
- Psychobiography: “the Child is Father of the man”
- Conflict Analysis and Resolution
- Political Information Processing
- Political Communication: Form and Consequence of the Information Environment
- Political Ideology
- Social Justice
- Networks, Interdependence, and Social Influence in Politics
- Political Deliberation
- From Group Identity to Political Cohesion and Commitment
- Social Movements and the Dynamics of Collective Action
- Prejudice and Politics
- Migration and Multiculturalism
- Discrimination Conditions, Consequences, and “Cures”
- The Psychology of Intractable Conflicts: Eruption, Escalation, and Peacemaking
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter focuses on the interplay between personality and politics. It first addresses current views of personality to provide the conceptual frame within which to address the role of personality in contemporary politics. After discussing the elements that contribute to assigning particular importance to personality in modern political discourse, it reviews the theoretical approaches to the study of personality and politics, reporting empirical evidence from several countries. In particular, it discusses the links between voters’ personality and political behavior, highlighting how different components of personality, like traits, values, and self-beliefs, may account for citizens’ political preferences and participation. Finally, it discusses the cognitive heuristics people may use to navigate through politics, focusing on the role of traits in organizing voters’ impressions of politicians’ personality.
Gian Vittorio Caprara is full professor of personality psychology at the “Sapienza” University of Rome, Italy. His primary research interests focus on personality development and assessment, psychosocial adjustment, and personality and politics. He was president of the European Association of Personality Psychology from 1990 to 1992, and is member of the governing council of the International Society of Political Psychology.
Michele Vecchione is a researcher in psychology at the “Sapienza” University of Rome, Italy. His research interests focus on political psychology, multivariate statistics in the field of personality and social psychology, personality assessment, socially desirable responding and response biases, the role of individual differences in predicting individual’s preferences and performance, the issue of measurement invariance across cultural contexts and administration modes, the longitudinal investigation of stability and change of personality.
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