- Consulting Editors
- Modernization and the Russian Economy: Three Hundred Years of Catching Up
- Command Economy and its Legacy
- Russia’s Economic Transformation
- Transformational Recession
- Growth Trends in Russia After 1998
- Institutional Performance
- Corporate Governance in Russia
- The Russian Tax System
- The Unofficial Economy in Russia
- Russian Corruption
- Russia’s Dependence on Resources
- The Russian Oil Sector
- The Russian Natural Gas Sector
- The Russian Electricity Market: Variants of Development
- The Economics of Mineral Resources
- The Challenge of Reforming Environmental Regulation in Russia
- Economics of the Military-Industrial Complex
- Science, High-Tech Industries, and Innovation
- Blame the Switchman? Russian Railways Restructuring After Ten Years
- Russian Agriculture and Transition
- Russian Banking as an Active Volcano
- Financial and Credit Markets
- Russian Trade and Foreign Direct Investment Policy at the Crossroads
- Economic Geography of Russia
- Russian Fiscal Federalism: Impact of Political and Fiscal (De)centralization
- Regional Challenges: the Case of Siberia
- Labor Market Adjustment: is Russia Different?
- Higher Education Reform and Access to College in Russia
- Russia’s Health Care System: Difficult Path of Reform
- Poverty and Inequality in Russia
- Recent Demographic Developments in the Russian Federation
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter discusses the organizational structure of Russian R&D, initial level of science, and high technology before the transition to a market system and the main problems and factors influencing the development of science in Russia, including the role of the Russian Academy of Sciences, after the transition. It also evaluates the effectiveness of Russian science and examines the characteristics, main problems, priorities, and indicators of the high-tech sector and national innovation system. Finally, we discuss key conditions for enhancing innovation activity and main directions of the Russian scientific, technological, and innovation (STI) policy.
Valery Makarov is the President and Bank of Moscow Professor of Economics in the New Economic School in Moscow, and the Director of the Central Economics and Mathematics Institute (CEMI) at the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow. His research interests include public economics, economics of education and computer modeling of socio-economic processes.
Alexander Varshavsky is a Professor of Economics at the Moscow Institute of Technology, and the Head of Laboratory for Study of Economic Stability in the Central Economics and Mathematics Institute (CEMI) at the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow. His research interests include economics of science and technology, economic analysis of innovation, research and development.
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