- Consulting Editors
- Modernization and the Russian Economy: Three Hundred Years of Catching Up
- Command Economy and its Legacy
- Russia’s Economic Transformation
- Transformational Recession
- Growth Trends in Russia After 1998
- Institutional Performance
- Corporate Governance in Russia
- The Russian Tax System
- The Unofficial Economy in Russia
- Russian Corruption
- Russia’s Dependence on Resources
- The Russian Oil Sector
- The Russian Natural Gas Sector
- The Russian Electricity Market: Variants of Development
- The Economics of Mineral Resources
- The Challenge of Reforming Environmental Regulation in Russia
- Economics of the Military-Industrial Complex
- Science, High-Tech Industries, and Innovation
- Blame the Switchman? Russian Railways Restructuring After Ten Years
- Russian Agriculture and Transition
- Russian Banking as an Active Volcano
- Financial and Credit Markets
- Russian Trade and Foreign Direct Investment Policy at the Crossroads
- Economic Geography of Russia
- Russian Fiscal Federalism: Impact of Political and Fiscal (De)centralization
- Regional Challenges: the Case of Siberia
- Labor Market Adjustment: is Russia Different?
- Higher Education Reform and Access to College in Russia
- Russia’s Health Care System: Difficult Path of Reform
- Poverty and Inequality in Russia
- Recent Demographic Developments in the Russian Federation
Abstract and Keywords
We study the role of resource dependence in Russia. Russia is the world’s leading producer of hydrocarbons and a number of other natural resources. Russia has been dependent on its resource wealth since the time of Peter the Great. The Soviet economic model was characterized by extensive growth, that is, by the accumulation of inputs, most notably natural resources. Today Russia remains highly dependent on its resource wealth. We measure the size of resource rents and document the role of resource abundance for Russia’s growth for the past forty years. We also analyze the political economy of dependence on resource rents. The system by which resource rents are managed has evolved from the early Soviet period through the 1990s to the present. We trace that evolution, describe the nature of the current rent management system, and examine the consequences of that system for Russia’s future economic growth.
Clifford G. Gaddy is a Senior Fellow in the Brookings Institution’s Foreign Policy Studies and its Global Economy and Development Program, Washington, D.C. He studies the Russian economy and politics.
Barry W. Ickes is a Professor and Acting Head in the Department of Economics at Pennsylvania State University, University Park, and a Non-Resident Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution in Washington, D.C. His research focuses on the Russian economy and the economics of transition.
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