- Consulting Editors
- Modernization and the Russian Economy: Three Hundred Years of Catching Up
- Command Economy and its Legacy
- Russia’s Economic Transformation
- Transformational Recession
- Growth Trends in Russia After 1998
- Institutional Performance
- Corporate Governance in Russia
- The Russian Tax System
- The Unofficial Economy in Russia
- Russian Corruption
- Russia’s Dependence on Resources
- The Russian Oil Sector
- The Russian Natural Gas Sector
- The Russian Electricity Market: Variants of Development
- The Economics of Mineral Resources
- The Challenge of Reforming Environmental Regulation in Russia
- Economics of the Military-Industrial Complex
- Science, High-Tech Industries, and Innovation
- Blame the Switchman? Russian Railways Restructuring After Ten Years
- Russian Agriculture and Transition
- Russian Banking as an Active Volcano
- Financial and Credit Markets
- Russian Trade and Foreign Direct Investment Policy at the Crossroads
- Economic Geography of Russia
- Russian Fiscal Federalism: Impact of Political and Fiscal (De)centralization
- Regional Challenges: the Case of Siberia
- Labor Market Adjustment: is Russia Different?
- Higher Education Reform and Access to College in Russia
- Russia’s Health Care System: Difficult Path of Reform
- Poverty and Inequality in Russia
- Recent Demographic Developments in the Russian Federation
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter discusses transition policies that led to privatization of land ownership and individualization of agricultural production, with associated changes in farming structure and agricultural productivity. The emergence of land market transactions and administrative constraints to land market development are discussed. Russia has a sharply bimodal agricultural structure, with extreme concentration of land in a few large corporate farms and very little land in small farms. This is symptomatic of a lack of functioning land markets and reflects a policy bias toward large corporate farms. Russian agriculture has advanced far from the Soviet model but still bears a strong resemblance to it. The consequence is largely mediocre productivity performance from the corporate farm sector coupled with remarkable labor-intensive performance from 23 million small household plots. Options for enlarging the individual farm sector to achieve a less bimodal structure and improve the productivity performance of Russian agriculture are discussed.
Zvi Lerman is the Sir Henry d'Avigdor Goldsmid Professor Emeritus of Agricultural Economics in the Department of Agricultural Economics and Management in the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. His research interests focus on institutional changes in agriculture in former socialist countries in Europe and Central Asia, including land reform, farm restructuring, and the creation of service cooperatives.
David Sedik is the Senior Agricultural Policy Economist of the Food and Agriculture Organization at the United Nations. His research interests include agricultural policies, poverty and land reform in transition economies.
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