- Consulting Editors
- Modernization and the Russian Economy: Three Hundred Years of Catching Up
- Command Economy and its Legacy
- Russia’s Economic Transformation
- Transformational Recession
- Growth Trends in Russia After 1998
- Institutional Performance
- Corporate Governance in Russia
- The Russian Tax System
- The Unofficial Economy in Russia
- Russian Corruption
- Russia’s Dependence on Resources
- The Russian Oil Sector
- The Russian Natural Gas Sector
- The Russian Electricity Market: Variants of Development
- The Economics of Mineral Resources
- The Challenge of Reforming Environmental Regulation in Russia
- Economics of the Military-Industrial Complex
- Science, High-Tech Industries, and Innovation
- Blame the Switchman? Russian Railways Restructuring After Ten Years
- Russian Agriculture and Transition
- Russian Banking as an Active Volcano
- Financial and Credit Markets
- Russian Trade and Foreign Direct Investment Policy at the Crossroads
- Economic Geography of Russia
- Russian Fiscal Federalism: Impact of Political and Fiscal (De)centralization
- Regional Challenges: the Case of Siberia
- Labor Market Adjustment: is Russia Different?
- Higher Education Reform and Access to College in Russia
- Russia’s Health Care System: Difficult Path of Reform
- Poverty and Inequality in Russia
- Recent Demographic Developments in the Russian Federation
Abstract and Keywords
From the turn of eighteenth century, Russian economic development has been determined by catching-up approach with the Western countries. This task was central for all Russian administrations since Peter I up to the most recent time—and this is the key question for the analysis of Russian economic performance. The chapter discusses challenges and specific features of Russian economic development as catching-up modernization and provides an overview of the main stages of Russian economic history from eighteenth century. The main emphasis is on the period from the end of nineteenth through the end of the twentieth century. It was a time of wars and revolutions, industrialization, and an emerging centrally planned (communist) economy. Soviet communist economy is under special consideration—its characteristics, internal contradiction, attempts at amelioration, crisis, and collapse at the end of the twentieth century.
Vladimire Mau is a Professor of Economic History and the Rector of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, as well as a Board member of the Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy, Moscow. His research interests include Russian economic history, political economy, and comparative studies of reforms and revolutions.
Tatiana Drobyshevskaya is an Associate Professor of Economics at the Lomonosov Moscow State University. Her research interests include Russian economic history and development economics.
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