Abstract and Keywords
The demarcation of work-nonwork that has been characterized by sharp retirement (e.g., ending a long-term job) is now more often characterized by individuals seeking either to continue working or opting for a dull or gradual retirement (move to a bridge job or part-time work). The growing percentage of older adults in the population is increasing the percentage of older workers; moreover, low-wage workers are older and more educated than in the recent past. The health status of the future workforce will include individuals with and without chronic disease, and predictions of improved health must be tempered by trends in the percentage of adults with obesity and obesity-related health changes. With the economic uncertainties since 2007, many older workers are finding they need to continue working longer than they had expected. These shifting financial, needs as well as an interest in continuing to contribute to society, are drawing many older workers into steady or episodic market work and volunteer work. This chapter will examine the relationship between aging and working from two psychology-of-working perspectives, the organizational perspective and the self-management perspective.
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