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date: 16 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter is informed by the counseling for work and relationship perspective that posits two major contexts of work, market work and unpaid care work. Examination of the work and family literature through this lens, especially that having to do with work-family conflict and work-family expansion, reveals a general lack of attention to unpaid care work, which typically is folded into more general considerations of family. The need to pay more attention to the significance of unpaid care work is framed by a social policy context in the United States that is not supportive of unpaid care work, demographic changes, changes in the context of market work, and radical changes in the ways that adults form relationships and care for others. A dual model of working for men and women across the lifespan encompassing market work and unpaid care work is proposed for the psychology of working. This dual model of working is based on a single adult worker model for the market economy, an analysis of the linkages among market work, unpaid care work, and paid care work, and a broad definition of unpaid care work applicable to all. This chapter suggests that this dual model of working will contribute to the ability of people to co-construct lives worth living and to the amelioration of prevailing gender and social inequities.

Keywords: market work, care work, social justice, work-family

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