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date: 02 April 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines recruitment practices through a strategic lens. To be strategic, recruitment must be integrated with other human resource management practices (horizontal alignment) as well as with the goals and strategic objectives of the firm (vertical alignment). Recruitment activities are integrated into a complex system of strategies, policies, practices, and activities that permeate all organizational levels. Understanding strategic recruitment thus requires the incorporation of strategic human resource management perspectives as well as an appreciation of levels of analysis issues. The chapter begins by reviewing the concepts of core competence, sustained competitive advantage, and the resource-based view. This foundation is used to interpret research and theory relevant to strategic recruitment. It then uses a multilevel model of strategic recruitment to examine the body of previous recruiting research to identify opportunities for future research directions. The chapter provides a number of testable propositions and suggests new directions for strategic recruitment research.

Keywords: core competence, horizontal alignment, human resource management practices, recruitment, resource-based view, strategic recruitment, sustained competitive advantage, vertical alignment

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