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date: 09 April 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Research on recruitment has increased in both quantity and quality over the last decade, and several review articles have appeared during this time. Previous reviews, however, focused on recruitment topics, models, and theory. This chapter focuses on the design and methodology of recruitment research. It introduces a model called the Recruitment Research Design Model (RRDM) that describes how recruitment research can be designed and conducted within and across four stages of the recruitment process: application, interaction, job offer, and socialization stages. Using the RRDM, it then shows that there are four different ways to design recruitment research: single-stage designs, cross-stage designs, multiple-stage designs, and sequential-stage designs. After describing each design, this chapter provides examples from the recruitment literature of studies that have used each of the four designs. It then describes the following five methodological issues that are important considerations for designing recruitment research: levels of analysis, research methods, study participants, recruitment practices, and recruitment outcomes. Guidelines and decision points for designing recruitment research based on the RRDM and the five methodological issues are then described.

Keywords: recruitment, recruitment research, Recruitment Research Design Model (RRDM)

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