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date: 15 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This review begins by introducing transformational concepts in neuromodulation and circuit function that have arisen from the study of insects and other invertebrates. These provide essential background not only to understanding behavior in insects (social or otherwise), but also for the functioning of nervous systems in all animals. The chapter details three (among many possible) examples in which neuromodulation of social behavior has been studied in depth. The first concerns the control of aggression and social dominance in crickets, the second involves swarming in locusts, and the third details the division of labor in honeybee societies. The authors conclude that insects have something profound to offer the study of psychology—not by providing direct analogues of human behavior, but rather by illustrating the power of neuromodulation to generate behavioral complexity in simple systems at the level of individuals and societies.

Keywords: Neuromodulator, neuromodulation, octopamine, serotonin, biogenic amine, aggression, swarming, division of labor, cricket, locust, honeybee

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