- Revisiting Lombroso
- Biology and Crime
- Parenting and Crime
- The Psychology of Criminal Conduct
- Risk Factors and Crime
- Social Learning and Crime
- Hirschi’s Criminology
- General Strain and Urban Youth Violence
- Social Support and Crime
- Life-Course-Persistent Offenders
- Change in Offending across the Life Course
- Two Approaches to Developmental/Life-Course Theorizing
- Peer Networks and Crime
- Contemporary Gang Ethnographies
- Girls, Friends, and Delinquency
- Gender and Theories of Delinquency
- Neighborhood Ties, Control, and Crime
- Community, Inequality, and Crime
- Street Culture and Crime
- The Code of the Suburb and Drug Dealing
- Social Institutions and Crime
- The Market Economy and Crime
- Immigration and Crime
- Choosing Street Crime
- Choosing White-Collar Crime
- Emotions, Choice, and Crime
- Routine Activity Theory
- The Theory of Target Search
- Crime Places and Place Management
- Multilevel Criminal Opportunity
- Coercion and Crime
- Green Criminology
- Perceptual Deterrence Theory
- The Effects of Imprisonment
- Coercive Mobility
Abstract and Keywords
Over the past twenty years, developmental criminology has emerged as an increasingly important lens for viewing delinquency and subsequent criminal behavior. The focus of developmental criminology on age-related trajectories of criminal behavior has seen researchers train their sights on the explanatory and causal risk factors that affect a person's likelihood to commit a crime over the life course. Prospective longitudinal studies have provided most of the evidence that links certain risk factors with later delinquent or criminal offending and have actually identified numerous predictors of that behavior. This article examines the developmental criminology perspective and the risk research paradigm, along with the developmental risk factors for crime and delinquency across five key risk domains (individuals, family, peers, schools, and community). Drawing on a meta-analysis of prospective longitudinal panel research studies, the article presents results that summarize the predictive strength of different risk factors for crime and delinquency during adolescence and early adulthood. Some of the risk factors are very promising as targets for delinquency and crime prevention interventions.
Emily E. Tanner-Smith is a Research Assistant Professor and Researcher at the Peabody Research Institute, Vanderbilt University.
Sandra Jo Wilson is a Senior Research Associate and Associate Director of the Peabody Research Institute, Vanderbilt University.
Mark W. Lipsey is Director of the Peabody Research Institute at Peabody College, Vanderbilt University.
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