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date: 22 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The literature reviewed in this chapter points to a number of conclusions regarding leisure activity in retirement. Retirees participate in many different kinds of activities including informal activities with friends and family; formal social participation in clubs, organizations, and volunteering; and individual solitary activities. These activities provide meaning through relaxation, personal growth, feelings of achievement, and giving back to the community. Retirees continue pre-retirement leisure activities and also engage in new leisure activities after retiring, thus supporting major theoretical perspectives in gerontology and adult development. Personal characteristics—in particular gender, health, and socioeconomic status—are correlated with leisure activity in retirement. Participation in leisure activities is associated with psychosocial and physical well-being in retirement, although the direction of causality is not clearly established. Future directions for research are identified.

Keywords: formal activity, gender, health, informal activity, leisure meaning, socioeconomic status, solitary activity, well-being

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