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date: 30 July 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The aim of this chapter is to show the complexity of retirement processes through a multilevel, contextual approach. First, a conceptual framework for studying retirement as a multilevel phenomenon is presented. The model distinguishes among macro- (e.g., retirement as institution), meso- (organizational retirement policies and cultures), and micro-level (individual retirement) conceptualizations of retirement as well as among macro- (e.g., culture, population structures, labor markets, economy), meso- (e.g., local and regional infrastructures, labor markets, and economies), and micro-level (e.g., families, social networks) structures that impinge on retirement processes. This is followed by a discussion of retirement at each level, its linkages to structural contexts, and the interrelationships among contexts. The chapter concludes with recommendations for future research.

Keywords: multilevel approach, contexts, retirement process, retirement institution, support systems, culture, employers, labor market, family, social networks

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