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date: 21 February 2020

(p. xiii) Abbreviations

(p. xiii) Abbreviations



Leibniz, G. W. Sämtliche Schriften und Briefe. Edited by the Academy of Sciences of Berlin. Series I–VIII. Darmstadt/Leipzig/Berlin, 1923 ff. Cited by series, volume, and page. “N.” followed by an Arabic numeral indicates the number assigned to the text by the editors. The superscript “2” after the volume number indicates the second edition of the volume.


Leibniz, G. W. Opuscules et fragments inédits. Edited by Louis Couturat. Paris: F. Alcan 1903. Reprint, Hildesheim: Olms, 1988.

Deutsche Schriften

Leibniz, G. W. Deutsche Schriften. Edited by G. E. Guhrauer. 2 vols. Berlin, 1840.


Leibniz, G. W. Opera omnia, nunc primum collecta, in classes distributa, praefationibus et indicibus exornata. Edited by L. Dutens. 6 vols. Geneva: De Tournes, 1768. Cited by volume, part (if relevant), and page.


Leibniz, G. W. Opera philosophica quae extant Latina Gallica Germanica omnia. Edited by J. E. Erdmann. Berlin, 1839–1840.


Nouvelles lettres et opuscules inédits de Leibniz. Edited by Foucher de Careil. Paris: Auguste Durand, 1857.

FC, Oeuvres

Oeuvres de Leibniz. Edited by A. Foucher de Careil. 7 vols. Paris: Firmin Didot frères, 1861–1875 (vols. I and II have also appeared in second edition: Paris: Firmin Didot frères, 1867–69; unless otherwise stated, references are to the first edition).


Feller, Joachim Friedrich. Otium Hanoveranum sive Miscellanea ex ore et schedis Illustris Viri, piae memoriae Godofr. Guilielmi Leibnitii. Leipzig: Impensis J. C. Martini, 1718.


Der Briefwechsel von Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz mit Mathematikern. Edited by C. I. Gerhardt. Berlin: Mayer & Müller, 1899. (p. xiv)


Briefwechsel zwischen Leibniz und Christian Wolff. Edited by C. I. Gerhardt. Halle: H. W. Schmidt, 1860.


Leibniz, G. W. Mathematische Schriften. 7 vols. Edited by C. I. Gerhardt. Berlin/Halle: A. Asher/H. W. Schmidt, 1849–1863. Cited by volume and page.


Leibniz, G. W. Die Philosophischen Schriften. Edited by C. I. Gerhardt. 7 vols. Berlin: Weidmannsche Buchhandlung, 1875–1890. Reprint, Hildesheim: Olms, 1960–1961. Cited by volume and page.


Leibniz, G. W. Textes inédits d'après les manuscrits de la Bibliothèque Provinciale de Hanovre. Edited by G. Grua. 2 vols. Paris: PUF, 1948.


Leibniz, G. W. Die Werke. Edited by O. Klopp. 11 vols. Hanover: Klindworth, 1864–84. Cited by volume and page.


Leibniz, G. W. Gesammelte Werke. Edited by Georg Heinrich Pertz. 4 vols. Hanover: Hahnschen Hof-Buchhandlung, 1843–47. Reprint, Hildesheim: Olms, 1966.

Manuscripts and Bibliographies

Bodemann, Briefwechsel

Bodemann, Eduard. Der Briefwechsel des Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz. Hanover, 1889. Reprint, Hildesheim: Olms, 1966.

Bodemann, Handschriften

Bodemann, Eduard. Die Leibniz-Handschriften der Königlichen öffentlichen Bibliothek zu Hannover. Hanover/Leipzig, 1895. Reprint, Hildesheim: Olms, 1966.


Leibniz-Briefwechsel. Hanover: Niedersächsische Landesbibliothek/Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Bibliothek.


Leibniz-Handschriften. Hanover: Niedersächsische Landesbibliothek/Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Bibliothek.


Bibliographie des oeuvres de Leibniz. Edited by Émile Ravier. Paris: F. Alcan, 1937. Reprint, Hildesheim: Olms, 1966. Cited by the number assigned to editions.

(p. xv) English Translations


Leibniz, G. W. Philosophical Essays. Edited and translated by R. Ariew and D. Garber, Indianapolis: Hackett, 1989.


Leibniz, G. W. The Labyrinth of the Continuum: Writings on the Continuum Problem, 1672–1686. Translated, edited, and with an introduction by R. T. W. Arthur. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001.


Child, J. M. The Early Mathematical Manuscripts of Leibniz. Chicago and London: Open Court, 1920. Reprint, Mineola: Dover, 2005.


Leibniz, G. W. Theodicy: Essays on the Goodness of God, the Freedom of Man, and the Origin of Evil. Translated by E. M. Huggard. LaSalle, Ill.: Open Court, 1985.


Leibniz, G. W. Philosophical Papers and Letters. Edited and translated by Leroy E. Loemker. 2nd ed. Dordrecht/Boston: Reidel, 1969.


The Leibniz-Arnauld Correspondence. Edited and translated by H. T. Mason. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1967; New York: Garland, 1985.


The Leibniz-De Volder Correspondence. With Selections from the Correspondence Between Leibniz and Johann Bernoulli. Translated, edited, and with an introduction by Paul Lodge. New Haven/London: Yale University Press, 2013.


The Leibniz-Des Bosses Correspondence. Translated, edited, and with an introduction by Brandon C. Look and Donald Rutherford. New Haven/London: Yale University Press, 2007.


Leibniz, G. W. Philosophical Writings. Edited by G. H. R. Parkinson and translated by Mary Morris and G. H. R. Parkinson. London: J. M. Dent & Sons, 1973.


Leibniz, G. W. New Essays on Human Understanding. Edited and translated by Peter Remnant and Jonathan Bennett. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981.


Leibniz, G. W. De summa rerum: metaphysical papers, 1675–1676. Translated with an introduction and notes by G. H. R. Parkinson. New Haven/London: Yale University Press, 1992.


The Political Writings of Leibniz. Translated and edited with an introduction by Patrick Riley. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1972. (p. xvi)


Leibniz, G. W. Confessio Philosophi: Papers Concerning the Problem of Evil, 1671–1678. Translated, edited, and with an introduction by Robert C. Sleigh, Jr.; with contributions from Brandon Look and James Stam. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2005.


The Shorter Leibniz Texts. Translated by Lloyd Strickland. London/New York: Continuum, 2006.


Leibniz’s New System and Associated Contemporary Texts. Translated and edited by R. S. Woolhouse and Richard Francks. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997.


Leibniz, G. W. Philosophical Texts. Edited and translated by R. S. Woolhouse and Richard Francks. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.


N. S.

New Style.

O. S.

Old Style.

All dates are given in the New (Gregorian) Style unless otherwise indicated.