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date: 24 September 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter discusses Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz’s philosophical reflections on essences, ideas, and truths in God’s mind and in the human mind. After examining Leibniz’s claim that the essences (essentiae) of things are like numbers, the chapter goes on to analyze his argument that ideas are the buildings blocks of truths and that the intimate nature of ideas is what determines the truth of a proposition. It then outlines Leibniz’s views about ideas and truths in relation to God’s understanding; language (in particular philosophical language); scholasticism and nominalism; and the relationship among words, signs, and ideas. Finally, it considers Leibniz’s account of the nature of ideas in the human mind in relation to the existence of God.

Keywords: Leibniz, essences, ideas, truth, God, human mind, language, Scholastic, nominalism, sign

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