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date: 18 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter investigates why Leibniz, an outstanding mathematician with deep interest in combinatorial reasoning, failed to contribute to the mathematics of probability. It explains that Leibniz was more interested in developing a new kind of logic that could guide human reasoning in all circumstances and that this logic is contained in his De incerti aestimatione. This chapter also considers the three important probabilistic and statistical ideas that Leibniz addressed. It concludes that while Leibniz was not as prominent a philosopher of probability and statistics as the likes of John Maynard Keynes and Bruno de Finetti, his influence, while underacknowledged, is substantial.

Keywords: Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz, probability, statistics, logic, De incerti aestimatione, combinatorial reasoning, human reasoning, John Maynard Keynes, Bruno de Finetti

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