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date: 16 October 2019

(p. 491) Index

(p. 491) Index

A
Abels, A. V., 200, 208
Able-bodied privilege (ableism), 202–204, 204–206, 206–208. see also women with disabilities (WWD)
Abousleman, T. M., 339–340, 343, 348
Abrams, E., 469, 477, 477–478, 486
Abreu, J. M., 51–52, 330
Abu-Raiya, H., 229–230, 230
Abu-Ras, W., 229, 229–230, 230
Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), 400, 403
Acculturation
of American Muslim women, 236
of Asian American women, 191
body image and, 396
concepts of, 415
couples and family counseling, 366
of Latinas, 173
sexuality (LGBT), 139
Acosta, K. L., 174–175, 175–176
Acosta, M., 171, 176
Activism. see also social justice
academy, educational institution level, 473–474
burnout prevention, 479
challenges in, 478–479
college, university level, 473
community level, 471
emotional costs of, 471, 478, 478–479
Fairness for All Individuals through Respect (FAIR), 476
for immigrant women, 477
international level, 474–475
interview methods, 468–469
levels of generally, 470–471
Living Our Visions project, 477
organizational perceptions of, 471, 476
overview, 479–480
political, legal systems level, 474
professional organization level, 471–473
research, scholarship, 475–477
social justice pre-practicum, 474
student level, 477–478
system-level power issues in, 466, 467–468, 478
training in, 469–470, 473–474
train the trainer model, 474
Acute stress disorder (ASD), 383
Adams, E. M., 440, 442
Adams, J., 126, 127
Addis, M. E., 328–329, 331
Ad Hoc Committee on Women, 5, 471–472
Adolescents
abuse, victimization of due to sexual orientation, 135
dating violence, 69
eating disorder prevention in, 404
positive psychology applications to, 76–77
risk, protective factors for LGBT, 140–141
sexuality developmental tasks, issues, 139–141
Advancing Together: Centralizing Feminism and Multiculturalism in Counseling Psychology Conference, 445, 452
Advice, 488
Advocacy. see also activism; social justice
for African-American men, 476–477
for American Muslim women, 225
Asian Immigrant Women Advocates (AIWA), 194
counseling psychology’s role in, 10–11, 50, 54, 149, 163, 426–427, 465–466
feminist relational, 165
as FMC component, 348–349
for, by LGBT persons, 149, 473, 474, 477
Guidelines for Psychological Practice With Girls and Women on, 26, 474
for immigrant women, 477
mentoring in training for, 456, 470, 477
overview, 479–480
for people in poverty, 165
by people of color, 466
power/research relationships in literature, 466, 467–468
in transnational counseling psychology, 475
by women with disabilities, 206
Advocacy Competencies 2003, 441, 470–471
African-American men
advocacy, activism for, 476–477
couples and family counseling, 359, 364, 366, 367
masculinity, identity in, 325–326, 330, 331–333
African-American women
access to education by, 56
anxiety disorders among, 125, 125–126, 161
assertiveness training, 127
attractiveness standards, 121–122, 395–396
biased approach in therapy historically, 306
binge eating in, 395, 397–398
bullying behavior, 53
career counseling for, 268
care taking of grandchildren by, 283
in consciousness raising groups, 305, 318
counselor bias, 126
depression among, 125
eating disorders among, 126, 395, 397–398, 405
eldercare responsibilities, 283
Epidemiologic Catchment Area study, 125
experiences model of vocation development, 267
gender role attitudes, 101
health care access, 57
heterosexism among, 136–137
hierarchical relations, discomfort with, 445
Hottentot Venus (Saartjie Baartmen), 116–117, 128
identity development
African-centered world view, 118
authentic self, 127–128
duality in, 121, 123
Eurocentric world view, 118
feminist, 94, 103
gender differences in, 119
internalization of negative views, 121–122
intersectionality in, 120–124, 396
limitations of models of, 120
oppression in, 115–116, 117–118, 121
positive, 122, 126, 127–128
race, gender in, 73, 115–116, 117–120, 121
selective affirmation in, 123
self-esteem in, 119, 121–122
self-in-relation theory, 119
sexual, 123
slavery in, 116
stereotypical images of, 115, 116, 120–124
womanist, 119–120
Islam, converting to, 235
Jezebel image, 121
lesbian household income, 144–145
lesbians, 123, 126, 137
LGBT parenting issues, 142–143
Mammy image, 120–121
mental health, psychological well-being, 124–127
Multidimensional Model of Racial Identity (MMRI), 118
National Comorbidity Survey, 125
National Mental Health Association survey, 125
P-E fit theory, 258
poverty rates, 159
Psychological Nigrescence model (Cross), 117–118
racism effects on, 73
Sapphire image, 121, 127
sexual assault, abuse of, 116, 116–117, 126
sexual assault physical, psychological impacts, 126
as sexual icon, 122–123
Society for the Psychology of Women (Division 35), 5, 8
spirituality, religion, 127
Strong Black Women image, 123–124, 126, 397–398
successful therapy basis, 126, 126–127
synthesis scores, 103
therapy seeking behaviors, 125, 125–126, 126
Aging, 57, 143–144, 215–216. see also under lifespan development
Ægisdóttir, S., 246, 247
Agras, S., 398–399, 402
Agras, W. S., 399, 399–400, 400
Alamilla, S. G., 173, 173–174
Albelda, R., 144–145, 159
Albert, M. S., 59, 59–60, 61
Albert, N. G., 170, 170–171
Alcoff, L., 38, 419
Alexander, J. F., 358, 368
Alexander, M. J., 115–116, 120
Al-Hibri, A., 228, 231, 232
Alien Wife Bill, 185
Alimchandani, A., 342–343, 485–486
Alkhateeb, M., 231, 231–232
Allen, A., 89, 90
Allen, K. R., 366–367, 418–419
Allen, L., 47, 159
Almeida, R. V., 364, 366
Alvarez, A. N., 185–186, 188, 442, 455–456
American Counseling Association (ACA), 441, 470–471
American Indian women
access to education by, 56
binge eating prevalence, 395
career counseling for, 268–269
care taking of grandchildren by, 283
couples and family counseling, 364, 366
gender role attitudes, 101
Indigenous Ways of Knowing, 98
Islam, converting to, 235
poverty rates, 159
Society for the Psychology of Women (Division 35), 5, 8
“two-spirit” identities, 93, 96, 101
American Muslim women
acculturation of, 236
Ali (Caliph), 222
bias and discrimination towards, 227, 229–231
body image issues, 235
collectivism, 224–225
couples and family counseling, 366–367, 367
cross-gender interactions, 224
dating, 234–235
demographics, 225, 226
domestic violence, 231–233
eating disorders, 235
education, 225
Eid-ul-Fitr, 223–224
family unit, 224–225
feminism, 227–229
gender equality, 227–228
generational, cultural differences, 235–236
hadith, 222
hajj (pilgrimage), 224
halal, 224
Hasan (Caliph), 222–223
hate crimes towards, 229–231
heterosexism, 224–225, 234–235
hijab (modesty), 224, 233–234
history in US, 225–226
Husayn (Caliph), 223
identification with faith, 226–227, 227, 232
iftar (evening meal), 223–224
Imams, foreign-born, 235–236
indigenous, 226
intersectionality in, 228–229
Islam, 222–224
Islam, converting to, 235
Islamophobia, 229–231
LGBT, 234–235
marriage, 231, 232, 234–235
motherhood, 224–225
Mu’awiya (Caliph), 222–223
Muhammad (Prophet), 222
multiculturalism, 227–229
multiple identities of, 221, 227
Muslim beliefs, values, 224–225
Nation of Islam, 225
oppression myth, 188–189, 227
overview, 221–222, 237
psychosocial concerns, 229, 235–236
Qur’an, 222, 238n
Qur’anic verse used to justify abuse, 232
Ramadan, 223–224
salat (prayer), 223
sawm (fasting), 223–224
shahada, 223
social justice, advocacy, 225
stereotypes of, 227, 228
Sufism, 226–227
sunnah, 222
Sunni-Shiite split, 222–223
tawhid, 223
therapist-client relationship, 230–231, 232–233, 236–237
ummah (Muslim community), 225
Uthman (Caliph), 222
veil (headscarf), 188–189, 224, 233–234
womanism, 228
Yazid (Caliph), 223
zakat (charity), 223
American Psychological Association (APA)
Ad Hoc Committee on Women, 471–472
Division 17 Committee on Women, 466, 471–472
Guidelines for Psychological Practice With Girls and Women (see Guidelines for Psychological Practice With Girls and Women)
Guidelines on Multicultural Education, Training, Research, Practice, and Organizational Change for Psychologists, 10, 24, 156, 433–434, 474
nonsexist practice development, 6–8, 472
Principles Concerning the Counseling/Psychotherapy of Women: Rationale and Implementation, 472
resistance to change by, 5
Section for the Advancement of Women (SAW), 466, 471–472
social justice agenda development by, 472
Society for the Psychological Study of Men and Masculinity, 323, 323–324 (see also men and masculinity)
Society for the Psychology of Women (Division 35), 5, 8
Task Force on Sex Bias and Sex Role Stereotyping in Psychotherapeutic Practice, 6, 306
Ammons, S. K., 278, 282, 285
Ancis, J. R., 70, 70–71, 71–72, 72, 73, 77, 78, 438, 445–446, 485, 486–487, 488
Ancis, S. R., 413–414, 414
Anderson, N. B., 73, 79
Anderson, T., 68, 69
Anderson-Cleveland, M. B., 137, 138
Androgyny therapy, 305–306
Anorexia nervosa, 392–393, 394–395, 397, 398, 399
Anzaldúa, G., 33, 170, 173–174, 174, 279–280, 340
APA Ethics Code 2003
Beneficence and Nonmaleficence principle, 39–40
for counseling psychologists, 32
feminist/multicultural recommendations to, 39–41
Fidelity and Responsibility principle, 40
Integrity principle, 40–41
Justice principle, 41
Respect principle, 41
Appiah, K. A., 29, 30, 34, 36
Applebaum, B., 36, 37
Arbona, C., 258, 260
Aristotle, 28, 38
Armstrong, P. I., 258, 264
Arredondo, P., 13, 31, 156, 170, 171, 172, 173–174, 174, 175, 358, 414, 432–433, 435, 440–441, 446
Arrizón, A., 175, 175–176
Arseneau, J. R., 14, 133
Artman, L. K., 208, 210–211, 211, 367–368
Ashmore, R. D., 30–31, 92
Asian American Psychological Association, 6
Asian American women
access to education by, 56, 184
acculturation of, 191
Alien Wife Bill, 185
Americanization programs, 185
anti-miscegenation laws, 185–186
Asian Immigrant Women Advocates (AIWA), 194
bias and discrimination against, 184–186, 188
binge eating prevalence, 395
body image issues, 192
Buddhist psychology, 190
bullying behavior, 53
career counseling for, 268–269
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, 185
civil activism, 186, 193–194
Committee Against Anti-Asian Violence (CAAV), 194
conception of the self, 190
couples and family counseling, 364, 366
dangerous Asian myth, 188
demographics, 184
domestic violence, 192
eldercare responsibilities, 283
employment opportunities for, 185
exoticization, hypersexualization of, 188
experiences model of vocation development, 267
feminism, 193–194
gender roles, 183, 194
history of, 184–186, 194–195
human trafficking, 192
Immigration Act of 1917, 184, 185
Immigration Act of 1924, 185
immigration of, 184–186
integration of culture, psychology, 189–191
intermarriage of, 189
intersectionality, 186–187, 191–192, 434
Japanese American internment, WWII, 185
LGBT, 194
mental health, Asian concepts of, 189–191, 195–196
mental health issues, 191–193
model minority myth, 187–188, 195
multiculturalism perspectives, 190–191
nationalism, 194
National Origins Act of 1924, 184, 185
oppression myth, 188–189
oppression of, 184–186
overview, 183–184, 194–196
pan-Asian identity, 186–187, 194
P-E fit theory, 258
perpetual foreigner myth, 188
picture brides, 185
poverty rates, 159
psychology, Asian concepts of, 189–191
Red Guard Party, 186
social identities, 186–187, 191–192
social justice, feminism and, 194
spirituality, 191
stereotypes, 183–184, 184, 187–189, 195, 248
Taxi Workers Alliance, 194
veil (headscarf), 188–189, 224, 233–234
Asian American Women’s Movement, 93
Asian Pacific Islanders, 56, 136–137, 184. see also oppression, power, privilege relationships
Assertiveness training, 127
Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development (Association for Non-White Concerns), 6
Association for Women in Psychology (AWP), 5, 472–473
Association of Black Psychologists, 6
Astin, H. S., 255, 266, 269
Atkinson, D. R., 91, 269
Ault-Riche, M., 359, 360–361
AWP (Association for Women in Psychology), 472–473
B
Baartmen, Saartjie (Hottentot Venus), 116–117, 128
Bacaltchuk, J., 399, 400–401
Badgett, M. V. L., 144–145, 159, 278
Baer, R. A., 399, 400
Bailey, N., 287, 292
Bajema, C., 278, 298
Baker, D. B., 255, 256, 426, 486
Bakhtiar, L., 228, 236–237
Ballou, M., 208, 245, 246, 248, 305, 314–315, 322–323, 324, 325, 327, 328, 330, 333
Baluch, S. P., 424, 465–466
Bandalos, D. L., 266–267, 269
Bandura, A., 261–262, 262, 263
Banyard, V., 165, 309–310, 318
Barber, J. S., 3, 3–4, 4, 48, 155, 156, 211–212, 213, 215, 246, 435, 453, 486
Barnett, R. C., 278, 279, 280
Barrett, S. E., 246–247, 401
Bates, C. A., 286, 291
Bauman, S., 50, 485, 487
Beauboeuf-Lafontant, T., 124–125, 125, 126
Beauregard, T. A., 278, 282–283, 283–284, 285
Beauvoir, Simone de, 28, 97
Becker, B., 48, 49
Begum, N., 200, 204–205, 205
Beitan, B. K., 366–367
Bell, L. A., 120, 121, 442
Belle, M. P., 278, 282–283, 283–284, 285
Bemak, F., 69, 424–425, 439–440
Benishek, L. A., 451, 452, 454–455, 456
Berdahl, J. L., 286, 286–287, 287–288, 288, 290, 291, 291–292, 296
Bergman, M. E., 290–291, 293, 294, 295, 296
Berkel, L. A., 103, 405
Betrayal (incest), 377–378, 381
Beutell, N. J., 278, 278–279, 280
Bhaju, J., 48, 49, 50, 75, 77
Bhuyan, R., 93, 96, 101
Bias and discrimination
towards American Muslims, 227, 229–231
in approach to treatment, 4–5, 306
towards Asian American women, 184–186, 188
benevolent, 16
concepts of, 16–17, 414–415, 434
in couples and family counseling, 359–360
educational access, 70–71
ethical treatment of, 37
ethnic minority organizations history, 6
gender-based, 70–72, 75, 433–434
towards Latinas, 173
in legal systems, 71–72
towards men and masculinity, 330, 331–333
in mentoring, 455–456, 459
in multicultural education, 417
nonsexist practice development, 6–8
towards poverty, 159, 159–160, 342
in power/research relationships, 96–98, 101, 105–106
practice guideline integration, 13
in self-esteem development, 52–53
stereotype threat, 16
10 Guidelines for Therapy and Counseling With Women, 7–8
towards women with disabilities, 200, 201, 202–204, 209, 211
in workforce, 70–71, 73
Bierman, K. L., 52–53, 53
Bieschke, K. J., 14–15, 18, 132, 269, 421, 440, 451, 452, 454–455, 456
Billson, J. M., 116, 123
Billsun, J. M., 325–326, 330
Binford, R. B., 403–404
Binge eating disorder (BED), 392–393, 395, 397–398, 399, 400
Bingham, R. P., 9–10, 268, 471
Birk, J. M., 6–7
Birkett, M., 135, 140–141
Bisexual issues. see sexuality
Bissonnette, L., 285, 365
Black, A., 136–137, 137
Black Liberation movement, 433
Black Panthers, 186
Blewitt, P., 51, 51–52, 52–53, 53–54, 54–55, 56
Blue, E. L., 103, 405
Blustein, D. L., 10, 39, 156, 162–163, 246, 257, 269, 306, 465–466
Boatwright, K. J., 146, 422, 422–423, 423, 442
Body dissatisfaction, eating disorders
(p. 494) acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), 400, 403
anorexia nervosa, 392–393, 394–395, 397, 398, 399
Asian American women, 192
binge eating disorder (BED), 392–393, 399, 400
binge eating prevalence, 395
bulimia nervosa, 392–393, 394–395, 398–399, 402
cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), 398–399, 402
as coping strategies, 397–398
culture role in, 394, 395–396, 401
dialectical behavior therapy, 399, 400
dissonance-based prevention program, 404
eating disorders not otherwise specified (EDNOS), 392–393
empowerment, 401–402
etiology of, 394
fat phobia, 398
feminist attitudes in, 405
feminist theories of, 393–395
as global issue, 396
interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT), 399
intersections of identity in, 397–398
media influences on, 393, 396
mindfulness therapy, 400, 403
multicultural theories of, 395–397
objectification theory, 394
objectified body consciousness, 394
oppression in development of, 397, 401
overview, 405–406
in people of color, 395–397
personal is political, 312–313, 341–342, 347, 416, 437
prediction of, 396–397
prevalence, 392
prevention of, 403–405
recognition of, 398
social context role in, 401
sociocultural conceptualizations of, 393, 398
Strong Black Women image, 123–124, 126, 397–398
study meta-analysis, 405
teasing (peer pressure) influences on, 393
therapeutic approaches
acceptance-based models, 399–400
evidence-based, 398–399, 402
feminist models, 400–402
integration of, 402–403
therapeutic relationship, 402
therapist-client relationship in, 402
trauma in development of, 397–398
Body modification, 205
Bohan, J. S., 419
Bohlig, A., 165, 309–310, 318
Bolden, M. A., 424, 465–466
Bordeaux, C., 280, 281, 282, 283, 285
Bordo, S., 393–394, 396–397
Borgen, F. H., 258, 265
Borges, A., 165, 309–310, 318
Borst, T. S., 327–328, 330
Borzuchowska, B., 32
Boston College, 439, 473
Boundary work tactics, 279
Bowes-Sperry, L., 286, 291
Bowleg, L., 108, 136–137, 137
Bowman, S. L., 9, 340, 340–341, 434
Boyd-Franklin, N., 73, 126–127, 127, 344, 366
Boyer, E. M., 424, 479–480
Boyer, M., 453
Boyle, J. S., 124
Brabeck, K. M., 53, 55, 486–487, 487
Brabeck, M. M., 27, 29, 34, 35, 53, 55, 436, 437, 486–487, 487
Brawer, S., 418–419, 422
Brenner, B. R., 146, 263
Bridges, J. S., 57
Briere, J., 70, 71, 384
Brinkman, B. G., 469–470, 476, 478, 479
Brinley, A., 280, 281, 283, 285
“Broaden and build” theory, 74, 75
Broaden hypothesis, 75
Broderick, P. C., 51, 51–52, 52–53, 53–54, 54, 54–55, 56
Bronfenbrenner, U., 45, 46–47, 46, 51, 61, 67–68, 68, 69
Brooks, G. R., 323, 326, 328, 330, 359, 361–362, 362
Brooks, K., 136–137, 137
Brosi, M. W., 360
Broverman, D. M., 77, 160–161
Broverman, I. K., 77, 160–161
Brown, A. A., 207, 289
Brown, C. G., 73, 401, 403
Brown, D. R., 125, 242, 270–271, 382, 487–488
Brown, M. T., 265, 395
Brown, S. D., 255–256, 261–262, 263–264, 264, 266, 269
Bryan, L. A., 361, 365
Bucceri, J. M., 208–209, 210
Buchanan, N. T., 101, 101, 136–137, 286–287, 291, 292
Buddhist psychology, 190
Build hypothesis, 75
Bulger, C. A., 284
Bulimia nervosa, 392–393, 394–395, 398–399, 402
Bullock, H., 157, 159, 160, 165
Buranajaroenkij, D., 475
Burnes, T. R., 424, 425, 442
Burns-Jager, K., 398, 398–399, 401–402, 402–403
Butler, J., 14, 362
Butler, M. M., 268, 341
Butters, M. A., 59, 59–60, 61
Butterworth, M., 14, 132, 133–134, 147
Butts, M. M., 278–279, 280–281, 458
Byars, A. M., 262–263, 265, 268
Byars-Winston, A. M., 395, 443
Byrnes, R. T., 399, 400–401
Byron, K., 278–279, 280, 281, 284, 285
C
Cabral, G., 68, 71
Campbell, B. W., 16, 264, 265
Campbell, F. A. K., 202
Campbell, R., 68, 71, 297
Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists, 12–13
Canadian Psychological Association (CPA)
Guidelines for Ethical Psychological Practice With Women, 12–13
nonsexist practice development, 6–8
resistance to change by, 5
10 Guidelines for Therapy and Counseling With Women, 7–8
Cannon, E. P., 421
Caplan, P. J., 77, 344–345, 345
Capodilupo, C. M., 208–209, 210
Career counseling
for African-American women, 268
for American Indian women, 268–269
for Asian American women, 268–269
developmental career theory, 259–261, 270–271
ecological theory applications to, 69
for immigrant women, 269
for Latinas, 268
LGBT, 269
vocational/career theory and practice, 258–259, 261, 264–265, 267–270
for women with disabilities, 269
Career Maturity Inventory, 261
Caregiving
by Latinas, 57
LGBT issues, 144
in lifespan development, 55, 58
responsibilities in work-life interface, 283
Carlson, B. E., 68, 68–69, 69
Carmen, E. H., 359, 376
Carroll, L., 133–134, 133, 147, 365–366
Carson, K. L., 68, 69
Carter, B., 359, 359–360
Cash, T. F., 393, 394, 398–399
Casper, L. M., 365
Casper, W. J., 280, 281, 282, 283, 284, 285
Cass, V. C., 132, 132–133, 312
Castañeda, C. L., 339–340, 343, 348
Castaneto, M. V., 201–202, 202
Castellanos, J., 172–173, 174, 485–486
Castillo, E. M., 172, 173–174
Castillo, R. J., 174–175, 345–346
Cauce, A. M., 171, 176
Cervantes, J. M., 37, 176, 330, 331, 455–456
Cervantez, K., 171, 173, 173–174
Chan, D. K. S., 287–288, 293, 293–294, 294
Chandler, R., 318, 335
Chapman, A. R., 50
Charity (zakat), 223
Chavous, T. M., 118, 173–174
Chen, C. P., 255, 281, 285
Chen, E., 399–400, 400
Chen, W. C., 49
Cheung, S. F., 287–288, 293–294
Child Abuse Network (CAN), 471
Chin, F., 186, 193
Chin, J. L., 18, 183–184, 246–247, 436
China, 396–397
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, 185
Choate, L. H., 422, 423
Chodorow, N. J., 119, 306
Choi, J., 281, 285
Chronister, K. M., 67–68, 68, 70, 264
Chung, Y. B., 138, 147
Cianciotto, J., 142, 144–145
Cicchetti, D., 48, 49
CIEMSAR (Culturally Inclusive Ecological Model of Sexual Assault Recovery), 69
Circularity concept, 359–360
Circumscription and compromise theory, 266
Clark, M. A., 201, 278–279
Clark, R., 73, 79
Clark, S. C., 278, 279, 279–280, 280, 285
Clark, V. R., 73, 79
Clarke, L. H., 75
Clarke, S., 398, 400–401
Clarkson, F. E., 77, 160–161
Classism and Feminist Therapy: Counting Costs, 156–157
Claudino, A. M., 399, 400–401
Clausell, E., 55
Clauss, L. J., 398–399
Clauss-Ehlers, C. C., 49
Clauss-Ehlers, C. S., 49
Client autonomy vs. empowerment paradox, 105–106
Clinchy, B. M., 33–34, 306, 375, 416, 417
Cochran, S. D., 135
Co-created therapeutic interventions, 163–164
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), 161–162, 398–399, 402
Cohen, P. N., 383
Cohn, D., 170–171, 171
Cokley, K. O., 100, 455–456
Cole, E. R., 108, 122, 201, 433, 434, 486
The Collective, 472–473
Collective identity, 92
Collectivistic cultures, 281
Collins, C., 73, 158, 368
Collins, P. H., 16, 15–16, 17, 18, 30–31, 34, 94, 121, 123–124, 349–350, 395–396, 405, 417, 434
Collinsworth, L. L., 291, 295, 297
Colonization, 341
Comas-Diaz, L., 6, 73, 77, 94, 169–170, 170, 175, 175–176, 246, 246–247, 306, 341, 341–342, 343, 366, 416, 432, 448, 486
Combahee River Collective, 15–16, 340, 434
Coming out model, 132–133, 420
Committee Against Anti-Asian Violence (CAAV), 194
Community Model of Embeddedness, Interdependence, Intradependence, & Evolution (CMEIIE), 212–215
Community praxis interventions, 164
Compensation model, 278
Complementarity concept, 359–360
Complex PTSD (CPTSD/DESNOS), 378–380, 383
Conference on Education and Training in Feminist Practice 1993, 436
Connolly, C. M., 75, 365
Conscientizaçáo (critical consciousness), 341–342, 347, 417, 435
Consciousness raising groups (CRGs), 305, 318
Constantine, M. G., 3–4, 126, 210, 424, 444
Continuing education, 446–447
Conyne, R. K., 68, 69
Cook, E. P., 8–9, 68, 69
Corbett, C., 269–270, 270
Corliss, H. L., 135
Cornish, J. A.E., 200, 208
Cornwell, J. M., 145, 145–146, 148–149
Corpus, M., 13, 31, 432–433, 440–441, 446
Corrigan, P. W., 207
Cortina, L. M., 144, 144–145, 290, 291, 294, 295, 296, 296–297
Cosgrove, L., 77, 344–345
Council of Counseling Psychology Training Programs (CCPTP), 440
Counseling psychology
accreditation, curricular requirements, 426
Ad Hoc Committee on Women, 5
advice for next generation, 488
advocacy in counseling psychology (see advocacy; social justice)
Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development (Association for Non-White Concerns), 6
“broaden and build” theory, 74, 75
challenges to change in, 487–488
client autonomy vs. empowerment paradox, 105–106
co-created therapeutic interventions, 163–164
community praxis interventions, 164
contextual therapeutic relationship, 69–70
core values in, 487
countertransference, 210
cultural competency in, 31, 126, 212, 246, 435
cultural encapsulation in, 31–32, 90
ecological counseling, 69–70
ecological theory applications to, 69–70
in ethics, 31–32, 39, 163
ethnic minority organizations history, 6
feminist relational advocacy, 165
flourish hypothesis, 75
flourishing, languishing, 78
four-front approach, 77
in global perspective, 14
holistic approach to, 3–4, 17–18, 246, 486–487
Identity Salience Model, 70
individual bias in, 90, 105–106, 126, 160–161, 208–210, 333–335
informed consent in, 163
intersectionality in, 70, 90, 487
licensing requirements, 426
mentoring (see mentoring)
multiculturalism in, 246
mutuality in, 162
negative transference case study, 334
over-identification case study, 334–335
paradigm changes in, 486
participatory action research (PAR), 17, 39, 164, 476
positive psychology (see positive psychology)
psychology-of-working perspective, 162–163
research, evidence approach evolution, 17–18
research, Latina-specific, 178–179
resilience hypothesis, 75
scientist-practitioner model revision, 426
Section on Ethnic and Racial Diversity (SERD), 6
Section on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Issues (SLGBTI), 6
social justice advocacy by, 10–11, 50, 54, 149, 163, 426–427, 465–466 (see also social justice)
status quo reinforcement by, 90, 96, 108–109n
strengths-based counseling (hygiology), 49–50, 76–77, 437, 487
strengths theory, 74
tenure, 426
therapist self-awareness in, 333–335, 342, 355, 360, 374, 421, 435–436, 436–437
training (see training and education)
undoing hypothesis, 75
Counseling Psychology Model Training Values Statement Addressing Diversity (Values Statement), 440
Countertransference, 210
Couples and family counseling
acculturation, 366
African-Americans, 359, 364, 366, 367
Alaska natives, 366
American Indians, 364, 366
American Muslims, 366–367, 367
applications of, 365
Asian Americans, 364, 366
bias and discrimination in, 359–360
black-white interracial, 367
circularity concept, 359–360
complementarity concept, 359–360
Cultural Context Model, 364
cultural differences, 362, 364, 367
disabilities, 367–368
families of color, 366–367
feminist core tenets of, 361–365
communication, 361–362
demystification, empowerment, 361, 363
empathy, connection building, 362–363
power issues, 363–364
work redistribution, 364–365
feminist critique of, 359–360
feminist principles of, 360–361
Gender Discourse in Therapy Questionnaire, 363
gender inquiry, 362–363
gender role analysis, 361, 362–363
gender roles, 359–360
genograms, 361, 366
group therapy, 364
immigrants, 367
Latinos/Hispanics, 364, 366
lesbian, 359, 362, 365–366
LGBT, 365–366
overview, 358–359, 368–369
(p. 496) partners from different backgrounds, 367
Power Equity Guide, 363
power/oppression relationships, 359–360, 363–364
reciprocity concept, 359–360
research on, 368
sexism in, 361
social class, classism, poverty, 367
stereotypes in, 359, 361
theory assessment model, 360–361
therapist neutrality in, 359
therapist self-awareness in, 360
Courtois, C. A., 375, 376, 377, 382, 383, 384, 385, 387–388
Crawford, M. C., 14, 72, 138
Crenshaw, K., 187, 201, 433
Crethar, H. C., 413, 427, 441, 446, 467–468, 470–471
Crites, J. O., 255–256, 261, 265
Critical consciousness (conscientizaçáo), 341–342, 347, 417, 435
Cross, W. E., 72, 73, 91, 100, 103–104, 118, 312
Croteau, J. M., 14–15, 18, 132, 144, 145
Crowther, J. H., 125–126, 397–398
Crumpacker, L., 420
Cruza-Guet, M. C., 256, 258–259
Cultural competency, 31, 126, 212, 246, 435
in transnational counseling psychology, 240–241, 242–243, 244–245, 245
Cultural Context Model, 364
Cultural differences
analysis in EFT, 316
analysis in feminist psychological practice, 316
in couples and family counseling, 362, 364, 367
partners from different backgrounds, 367
in work-life interface, 281–282, 284–285
Cultural encapsulation, 31–32, 90
Cultural feminism, 305–306, 306, 308, 416
Culturally Inclusive Ecological Model of Sexual Assault Recovery (CIEMSAR), 69
Cultural resilience model, 49–50
Cummings, A. L., 78, 422, 423
Cummins, L. H., 398, 401, 402, 403
Cumulative trauma, 377
D
Daly, M., 36, 350–351
Dana, R. H., 173, 415
Dangerous Asian myth, 188
Daniels, J. A., 208, 210–211, 211, 367–368
Datchi-Phillips, C. C., 453
D’Augelli, A. R., 133–134, 135, 136, 135–136, 139–140, 140, 143, 144, 365
Davenport, D. S., 119
David, L., 323, 327–328
David, S., 143
Davidov, B. J., 30, 35, 40–41
Davidson, M. M., 45, 46, 47, 48, 68, 70, 120, 211, 453, 485, 486–487
Davis, A. Y., 433, 475–476
Davis, J. L., 121, 122
Davis, N. A., 203, 203–204, 207–208, 209, 210
Dawis, R. V., 256, 270–271
Deaux, K., 30–31, 92
DeBord, K., 17–18, 485, 486
Deepening Psychotherapy with Men (Rabinowitz/Cochran), 323
Defense of Marriage Act, 138–139
Demystification, 361, 363
DeNardo, M., 287, 294
DeNavas-Wait, C., 158, 159
Denmark, F. L., 6, 17, 60, 72
Developmental career theory, 259–261, 270–271
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 12, 77–78, 190–191, 345
Dialectical behavior therapy, 399, 400
Diamond, L. M., 14, 132, 132–133, 133, 133–134, 141, 146, 147
Diemer, M., 324, 328
Disability harassment, 206–207, 207–208
Discourse analysis, 418
Discrimination. see bias and discrimination
Disempowerment, 324–325, 328, 331–333, 374–375
Dissonance-based prevention program, 404
Diversity
Counseling Psychology Model Training Values Statement Addressing Diversity (Values Statement), 440
in feminism, 416–418
lifespan development theories, 46
Section on Ethnic and Racial Diversity (SERD), 6
training and education, 421, 436
training in LGBT sexuality, 421
of women with disabilities (WWD), 201–202
Diversity education. see multicultural education
Dohm, F. A., 395
Domestic violence. see also trauma
adolescent dating violence, 69
American Muslim women, 231–233
approval/disapproval, power of, 352
Asian American women, 192
ecological theory applications to, 68–69
intimate partner violence, 73
self-blame, 71
self-objectification, 71, 73, 136, 379, 394
sexual assault (see sexual assault)
sexual harassment (see sexual harassment)
Done, R., 286, 287–288, 288
Douma, B., 287
Dounchis, J., 399, 400–401
Downing, N. E., 72, 91–92, 94, 94–95, 96, 98–99, 100, 101, 101, 205–206
Droogsma, R. A., 233
Duan, C., 31, 432–433, 440, 440–441, 446
DuBois, C. L. Z., 294, 295
Duffy, M., 13, 31, 432–433, 440–441, 446
Durkin, J., 75, 75–76
Dutton, M. A., 314–315, 316
Dworkin, E., 68, 71
E
Eagly, A. H., 144, 327
Eating disorders not otherwise specified (EDNOS), 392–393
Ecological Model of Multicultural Counseling Psychology Processes (EMMCPP), 47
Ecological theory, 69, 67–70
Edleson, J. L., 68, 68–69
Eid-ul-Fitr, 223–224
Eifert, G. H., 399–400, 400
Eisenberg, M. E., 140–141, 393, 395
Elenes, C. A., 417
Ellman, B., 359, 359–360, 360
Elman, N. S., 10, 31, 39, 306, 465–466
Empowerment
body dissatisfaction, eating disorders, 401–402
client autonomy vs. empowerment paradox, 105–106
conditions of, 351–352
couples, and families counseling, 361, 363
egalitarian relationships in, 351
enablement, 352
in feminist psychological practice, 305–306
grid model of, 349
Guidelines for Psychological Practice With Girls and Women on, 25, 311–312
information, 352
interpersonal dimension, 350–351
intrapersonal/intrapsychic power, 350
of Latinas, 175–176, 177
of LGBT, 138
in lifespan development, 50, 54, 58–59
of men, 324–325, 333
in multicultural education, 418
permission, 351–352
personal dimension of, 349–350
political analysis, questions facilitating, 354
power sharing (mutuality) in, 436, 437, 442
process guidelines, 353–354, 357
social-contextual power, 351
sociopolitical dimension, 351
somatic power, 350
spiritual/existential dimension of power, 350
token torturers, 350–351
trauma, 375
of women with disabilities, 205, 212–213
Empowerment feminist therapy (EFT). see also feminist psychological practice
assessment and conceptualization in, 314–316
cultural analysis, 316
environmental assessment, 314–315
feminist conceptualization, 315–316
gender-role analysis, 317
Guidelines for Psychological Practice with Girls and Women (see Guidelines for Psychological Practice with Girls and Women)
overview, 310
political analysis, questions facilitating, 354
power analysis, 317
(p. 497) principles of, 310–314
personal, social identities interdependency, 311–312
personal as political, 312–313, 341–342, 347, 416, 437
relationships are egalitarian, 313–314
sociocultural environments impact, 312–313
woman’s perspective valuation, 314
reframing and relabeling, 317–318
research on, 318–319
social identities analysis, 316–317
strengths assessment, 315
value assumptions of, 310
Engeln-Maddox, R., 392, 401
Englar-Carlson, M., 324, 326, 328, 328–329, 330
Ennis, S. R., 170, 170–171
Erikson, E. H., 45, 51, 55, 56–57, 91, 119
Espiritu, Y. L., 185, 186, 188
Esquilin, M., 208–209, 210
Essentialism, 28, 33, 36, 308
Esten, G., 208, 208–209
Etaugh, C. A., 57, 57
Ethics
APA Ethics Code 2003
Beneficence and Nonmaleficence principle, 39–40
for counseling psychologists, 32
feminist/multicultural recommendations to, 39–41
Fidelity and Responsibility principle, 40
Integrity principle, 40–41
Justice principle, 41
overview, 27–28
Respect principle, 41
Aristotelian virtue ethics, 30
assimilationist model, 30
attentive love theory, 33
attentiveness, subjective knowledge illumination theme, 35–36
collective self, 34
concepts of, 18
cosmopolitanism, 30
counseling psychology in, 31–32, 39, 163 (see also counseling psychology)
cultural competency in, 31, 126, 212, 246
cultural encapsulation in, 31–32, 90
distortion critiques theme, 37
essentialism, false universalism, 28, 33, 36, 308
feminine vs. feminist, 28–29
feminist ethics history, 28–29
in feminist multicultural counseling (FMC), 344
feminist themes of, 29, 163, 319
French tradition of, 28, 36
friendship philosophy, 33
gender research, 34
in identity, 29–31, 30–31, 33, 34–35 (see also identity)
individualism, self-contained vs. ensembled, 34
intersectionality, 30–31
Marxist/socialist tradition of, 28
maternal thinking theory, 33
moral significance theme, 33–35
moral voice of women, 33
multicultural ethics history, 29–31
neo-psychoanalytic tradition of, 28, 34–35
overview, 27–28, 41–42
participatory action research (PAR), 17, 39, 164, 476
pluralist model, 30, 36
postmodernism, 37–38
power dynamics, context theme, 37–38, 97
psychologists guidelines, 32
relational tradition of, 28, 33–34
relativism in, 30
separatist model, 29, 36
social justice action theme, 38–39
standpoint theory, 35–36
subjective moralism, 35
supremacists, 29
theory, value of, 27
training and education in, 442–443
transcultural integrative model of ethical decision-making, 32
women’s relationships, 33
Ethnicity. see also specific ethnicities
Guidelines for Ethical Psychological Practice With Women, 12–13
Guidelines for Psychological Practice With Girls and Women (see Guidelines for Psychological Practice With Girls and Women)
menopause effects, 57
Evans-Campbell, T., 93, 96, 101
Evening meal (iftar), 223–224
Expansionist theory, 279
F
Fairburn, C., 399, 400–401, 402, 403–404
Fairness for All Individuals through Respect (FAIR), 476
Faley, R. H., 294, 295
False universalism, 28, 33, 36, 308
Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), 282–283
Family therapy. see couples and family counseling
Farmer, H. S., 5, 255, 260, 261, 262, 265–266, 266, 266–267, 269, 271, 471–472
Fasting (sawm), 223–224
Fat phobia, 398
Fazio, R. J., 75, 75–76
Feinberg, L., 31, 156
Feminism
centralization of historically, 8–9
characterization of, 3–4
concepts of, 18, 246, 434
contradictions, paradoxes in, 340–341
cultural, 305–306, 306, 308, 416
diversity, 416–418
ethics (see ethics)
Euro-American model of, 246–247
global, transnational, 420 (see also transnational counseling psychology)
integration into holistic approach, 3–4, 17–18, 246, 486–487
intersectionality in, 246–247
lesbian, 420–422 (see also sexuality (LGBT))
pedagogies, 413, 415 (see also multicultural education)
postmodern, 418–419
radical, 305, 416
second wave, 415–416
socialist, 305, 416
third wave, 419–420
Feminist couples therapy. see couples and family counseling
Feminist family therapy. see couples and family counseling
Feminist Identity Composite (FIC), 96, 99, 101, 103, 104, 105
Feminist Identity Development model, 96
Feminist Identity Development Scale (FIDS), 96, 99, 103
Feminist Identity Scale (FIS), 99, 103
Feminist Identity Scale-revised (FIS-R), 96
Feminist Lesbian Activist Coalition, 471
Feminist multicultural collaborative consultation model, 242, 245
Feminist multicultural counseling (FMC)
client-centered approach to, 345
colonization in, 341
components of
advocacy, 348–349
assessment and diagnosis, 344–347, 355
group counseling, 348
overview, 343
personal as political, 312–313, 341–342, 347, 416, 437
power analysis, 347–348
therapeutic relationship, 343–344, 347–348
consciousness raising in, 342
critical consciousness (conscientizaçáo) in, 341–342, 347, 417, 435
culture, gender-sensitive assessment, diagnosis, 347
empowerment, 348, 349–354 (see also empowerment)
ethics in, 344
implementation of, 349–354
inclusiveness in, 342–343
as integrative approach, 341
intrapersonal/intrapsychic power, 350
liberation, decolonization in, 341, 343
mental illness as brain disease, 344–347
mental illness as cultural context, 345–346
personal consultation concept, 344
(p. 498) political analysis, questions facilitating, 354
psychotherapeutic decolonization in, 341–342
social justice counseling, 348–349
somatic power, 350
spiritual/existential dimension of power, 350
symbolic relationship concept, 343
therapist self-awareness in, 333–335, 342, 355, 360, 374, 421, 435–436, 436–437
token torturers, 350–351
value guidelines, 341
Feminist multicultural couples counseling. see couples and family counseling
Feminist multicultural family counseling. see couples and family counseling
Feminist psychological practice. see also feminist multicultural counseling (FMC)
assessment and conceptualization in, 314–316
conceptualization, 315–316
consciousness raising groups in, 305, 318
consensus values in, 309
contemporary therapies, 307–309
counseling psychology relationship to, 309–310
cultural analysis, 316
diversity, incorporation of, 306
empowerment in, 305–306
environmental assessment, 314–315
gender-role analysis, 317
herstory (history) of, 305
intersectionality in, 307
liberal, cultural feminisms in, 305–306, 306, 308
multiculturalism in, 307, 308
ongoing transformations of, 308–309
overview, 304, 339–340, 354–355
postmodern approaches to, 308
power analysis, 317
reframing and relabeling, 317–318
research on, 318–319
social identities analysis, 316–317
social justice in, 309
strengths assessment, 315
Feminist treatment model (trauma)
memory/emotion integration (phase II), 387–388, 389
overview, 381–384, 389
pretreatment assessment, 384–385
reintegration, life reconsolidation (phase III), 388, 389
safety, stabilization, and skill-building (phase I), 385–387, 389
Ferguson, A. D., 146–147, 415
Ferguson, K. E., 418, 422
Ferri, B. A., 204, 204, 204–205
Ferris, J., 9, 340, 340–341
Finn, M., 398, 400–401
First Year Experience (FYE), 439, 473
Fischer, A. R., 17–18, 70, 78, 99, 100, 102, 103, 485, 486
Fischer, S., 399, 400
Fisher, G. G., 284
Fiske, S. T., 16, 96, 291, 296
Flax, J., 33–34, 36
Flores, L. Y., 264, 268, 269
Flourish hypothesis, 75
Flowers, B. J., 30, 35, 40–41, 141, 366
Foa, E. B., 71, 378, 383
Forbes, G. B., 393–394, 396–397
Ford, J. D., 384, 385, 386, 387–388
Forrest, L. M., 3–4, 14, 31, 146, 415, 422, 435, 435–436, 436, 471–472
Fouad, N. A., 10, 11, 10, 11–12, 39, 156, 162–163, 247, 257, 258, 258–259, 260, 263, 264, 268, 306, 414, 424, 465–466
Foundations in Counseling course, 439–440
Four-front approach, 77
Fowler-Lese, K. P., 4, 48, 155, 156, 246
Fox, D., 90, 101, 106, 133
Francesco, A. M., 278, 281, 282–283, 284
Franklin, A. J., 6, 73, 121, 325–326, 332–333
Frazer, S., 142, 144–145
Fredrickson, B. L., 71, 74, 75, 136, 394
Freire, P., 39, 121, 413–414, 417, 435, 467, 474–475
Fretz, B. R., 12, 74, 358, 487
Freud, Anna, 381
Freud, Sigmund, 28, 160–161, 381
Frieze, I. H., 6, 17, 72
Frone, M. R., 278, 279, 281–282, 284
Frost, D. M., 137, 142
Frye, M., 15–16, 35
Fukuyama, M. A., 175, 415, 435
Fulkerson, J. A., 403–404, 404
G
Gainor, K. A., 124, 133–134, 264, 421
Gallardo-Cooper, M., 170, 172, 174
Gallo, L. C., 48–49, 49
Gallor, S. M., 11, 208, 267, 453
Gandy, O. H., 121, 122
Gannon, L., 72, 102, 104
Gao, S., 59, 59–60, 61
Garber, L., 18
Garcia-Preto, N., 366
García-Vázquez, E., 415, 442
Garland-Thomson, R., 204, 205
Garner, D., 398–399, 400–401
Gates, G. J., 142, 144–145, 159, 421
Gay issues. see sexuality (LGBT)
Gee, E., 185, 193
Gee, G. C., 71, 73
Gelfand, M. J., 144, 286, 286–287, 290–291, 292, 293, 293–294, 294, 297
Gelso, C. J., 12, 74, 358, 487
Gender
in aggression, 53
benefit finding, 75–76
bias and discrimination towards, 70–72, 75, 433–434
concepts of, 14–15
contextual therapeutic relationship, 69–70
Culturally Inclusive Ecological Model of Sexual Assault Recovery (CIEMSAR), 69
domestic violence (see domestic violence)
DSM, 12, 77–78
ecological counseling, 69–70
ecological theory, 67–70
eminent, gifted women qualities, 74–75
exosystem in ecological theory, 68
Gendered Adolescent Interpersonal Aggression (GAIA) model, 69
gender schema theory, 53
Guidelines for Ethical Psychological Practice With Women, 12–13
Guidelines for Psychological Practice With Girls and Women (see Guidelines for Psychological Practice With Girls and Women)
hardiness, 75–76
Identity Salience Model, 70
individual in ecological theory, 68
inequalities, health effects of, 73–74
macrosystem in ecological theory, 68
mesosystem in ecological theory, 68
microsystem in ecological theory, 68
multiple oppressions interplay, 73–74
negative emotions impacts, 70–72, 75
nonsexist practice development, 6–8
resilience, 75–76
in self-esteem development, 53
self-objectification, 71, 73, 136, 379, 394
social constructionist model of, 419
social forces/mental health relationships, 70–72
10 Guidelines for Therapy and Counseling With Women, 7–8
Gender Aware Therapy, 328
Gender Discourse in Therapy Questionnaire, 363
Gendered Adolescent Interpersonal Aggression (GAIA) model, 69
Gender equality, 227–228, 281
Gender inquiry, 362–363
Gender roles. see also socialization
in African-American identity development, 73, 115–116, 117–120, 121
African-American women attitudes, 101
American Indian attitudes, 101
analysis in couples and family counseling, 361, 362–363
analysis in EFT, 317
analysis in feminist psychological practice, 317
analysis of men, 323–324, 327–328, 333
Asian American women, 183, 194
in couples and family counseling, 359–360
in eating disorder development, 393–394, 401
LGBT attitudes, 101
lifespan development, 58, 58–59
overview, 68, 69
power/research relationships, 101
therapy strategies for men, 328–330
white attitudes, 101
women with disabilities, 204–205
Genograms, 361, 366
(p. 499) George Mason University, 439–440
Gergen, M., 419
Gerstein, L. H., 10, 11, 39, 246, 247, 306, 424, 465–466
Ghumman, S., 233, 233–234
Gil, R. M., 175
Gilbert, L. A., 28, 282–283, 328, 335, 362, 396, 401, 402, 466, 479
Gill, C., 201, 206
Gilligan, C., 28, 33, 33–34, 45, 51, 53, 119, 306, 359
Gilman, Charlotte Perkins, 28, 36, 156
Gilroy, P. J., 133–134, 147
Ginorio, A. B., 171, 176, 417–418
Gladding, S. T., 360–361, 366
Glenn, A., 165, 318
Glick, P., 16, 96, 144, 291, 296
Global feminism, 420
Globalization
in body dissatisfaction, eating disorders, 396
in counseling psychology, 14
in transnational counseling psychology, 242–243, 420
Glomb, T. M., 286–287, 290–291, 293, 294, 298
Gloria, A. M., 170, 171, 172–173, 173–174, 174, 175, 421, 485–486
Gold, Y., 287, 292
Goldberger, N. R., 33–34, 306, 375, 416, 417
Gonzales, F., 171, 172
Gonzales, J., 170, 172
Goode-Cross, D. T., 330
Goodenow, C., 135, 135, 141
Goodrich, T. J., 322–323, 359, 359–360, 360, 361, 363, 364–365
Gore, J., 415, 418
Gore, P. A., 259–260, 261, 263, 264, 265, 266, 270–271
Gorgens, K. A., 200, 208
Gormley, B., 453, 456, 486, 487
Gottfried, M., 324, 328
Grabe, S., 71, 395–396, 396
Graduate training. see mentoring
Gravlee, C. C., 73
Gray, B. E., 137, 148
Green, B. L., 161, 171
Greenberger, D. B., 457, 458
Greenhaus, J. H., 278, 279, 278–279, 280
Greenspan, M., 313, 315
Gregg, N., 204, 204–205
Griffin, M. A., 75, 278, 297–298
Griffin, P., 145, 442
Grilo, C., 398, 398–399, 399, 400–401
Griscom, J. L., 3, 7
Grossman, A. H., 133–134, 135, 136, 139–140, 140, 143, 143–144, 365
Group therapy, 348, 364
Gruber, J. E., 294, 295
Guidelines for Psychological Practice With Girls and Women
advocacy, social justice roles, 26, 474
bias, discrimination, 25, 25–26, 72
challenges for therapists in, 319
contextual factors, 26
descriptions, text of, 24–26, 72–73, 311t
empowerment, initiative, provision of choices, 25, 311–312
ethics in, 31, 319
gender, cultural sensitivity, 25
herstory (history) of, 11–12, 247, 307, 472
identity in, 24–25, 72, 311–312, 314
oppression, privilege, and identity development, 24–25, 134–135, 312–313
practice, personal bias/attitudes in, 25, 25–26
practice effectiveness, 25
resources, 26
sexuality, 134–135, 136, 137, 139
socialization, 24, 72, 312–313
strength-based counseling, 25, 313–314
Guidelines on Multicultural Education, Training, Research, Practice, and Organizational Change for Psychologists, 10, 24, 156, 433–434, 474
Gupta, A., 136–137, 147–148, 148, 184
Gushue, G. V., 265, 367
Gutek, B. A., 286, 287, 287–288, 288, 289, 290, 295, 296
Gutiérrez, L., 171, 176
H
Haddad, Y. Y., 226, 226–227, 227–228, 228, 232, 235
Haddock, S. A., 359, 361–362, 363, 365
Hadith, 222
Hajj (pilgrimage), 224
Halal, 224
Hall, C. C. I., 188, 191, 194, 396
Hallak, M., 229–230, 230
Halstead, K., 359, 359–360, 360
Handbook for Social Justice in Counseling Psychology, 11
Handbook of Psychotherapy and Counseling with Men (Good/Brooks), 323
Hanisch, C., 305, 416
Hansen, N. B., 75
Hansen, N. D., 96, 98–99, 101
Harding, S., 17, 88, 98, 101, 418–419
Hardy, J. A., 14–15, 18, 132
Hardy, K. V., 245, 247–248, 361
Hare-Mustin, R. T., 17, 359, 361–362
Harkless, L. E., 141, 366
Harmon, L. W., 258, 265
Harmon, l. W., 255, 271
Harned, M. S., 291, 294, 297
Harris-Bowlsbey, J., 260, 261
Harvey, M. R., 75, 78–79, 79, 382
Harvey, S., 278, 298
Hashizume, L., 423
Hassouneh-Phillips, D., 200, 231–232, 234
Hatton, R. L., 137, 148
Hauserman, N., 287, 289
Hawxhurst, D. M., 339, 339–340, 343, 345, 348, 349, 351, 469, 471, 472–473, 473, 474, 478, 486
Hay, P., 399, 400–401
Hays, P. A., 70, 93, 330, 433, 433
Hayward, H., 75, 75–76
Headscarf (veil), 188–189, 224, 233–234
Healy, P. A., 418–419, 422
Heffner, M., 399–400, 400
Heise, L. L., 68, 68–69
Helgeson, V. S., 75, 75–76, 76
Helledy, K. I., 10, 465–466
Helms, B. J., 323, 327–328
Hendrie, H. C., 59, 59–60, 61
Hensler-McGinnis, N. F., 208, 267, 425, 454, 456, 458
Henson, J. M., 51, 53
Heppner, M. J., 8–9, 68, 69
Heppner, P. P., 14, 246, 247
Herek, G. M., 16, 16–17, 134, 135–136, 365
Herland (Gilman), 36
Herman, A. A., 73, 73–74
Herman, J. L., 28, 259, 376, 378–379, 384
Hernández, P., 246, 246–247, 249, 364, 366, 470
Herring, K., 120, 121, 124
Hershberger, S. L., 135–136, 139–140
Herstory (history)
Ad Hoc Committee on Women, 5
Asian American Psychological Association, 6
Association for Women in Psychology (AWP) formation, 5
Association of Black Psychologists, 6
centralization of concepts, 8–9
ethnic minority organizations, 6, 433
feminist psychological practice, 305
Guidelines for Ethical Psychological Practice With Women, 12–13
Guidelines for Psychological Practice With Girls and Women (see Guidelines for Psychological Practice With Girls and Women)
human experience decontextualization, 4–5
National Multicultural Conference and Summit (NMCS), 9–10
nonsexist practice development, 6–8
practice guideline integration, 13
Principles Concerning the Counseling and Psychotherapy of Women (1979), 6–8
psychoanalysis, 4–5
Section for the Advancement of Women (SAW) goals, 5, 8–9
social action groups (SAGs) in, 10–11, 433
Society for the Psychology of Women (Division 35), 5, 8
Society of Indian Psychologists, 6
Task Force on Black Women’s Priorities, 5
(p. 500) Task Force on Sex Bias and Sex Role Stereotyping in Psychotherapeutic Practice, 6, 306
Task Force on the Concerns of Hispanic Women, 5
theory without evidence, 4–5
Hess, G., 417, 417
Hesson-McInnis, M. S., 135–136, 290–291, 296
Hijab (modesty), 224, 233–234
Hill, C. E., 6–7, 17–18, 269–270, 270
Hill, C. L., 344, 414
Hill, M. R., 367
Hill, M. S., 156–157, 246, 322–323, 324, 325, 327, 328, 330, 333, 394, 403
Hilton, A. N. (CH18), 342–343, 487, 488
Hinman, L. M., 29, 29–31, 33, 36
Hispanic women. see also Latinas
access to education by, 56
couples and family counseling, 364, 366
health care access, 57
sexual harassment of, 286–287, 290
Society for the Psychology of Women (Division 35), 5, 8
History. see herstory (history)
Hofsess, C. D., 424, 479–480
Hogan, J. D., 5, 6
Holberg, J. L., 68, 69
Holder, A. M., 208–209, 210
Holistic approach, 3–4, 17–18, 246, 486–487
Holland, J. L., 256, 257. see also person-environment (P-E) fit theory
Holz, K. B., 70, 78
Holzbauer, J. J., 206–207, 209
Homophobia, 420
Hopkins, D., 205
Hoppe-Rooney, T., 398, 398–399, 401–402, 402–403
Hottentot Venus (Saartjie Baartmen), 116–117, 128
Huang, J., 136–137, 137
Huang, Y. P., 132, 264
Hudson, C., 228, 246, 247–248, 366–367
Hulin, C. L., 286–287, 290–291, 292, 293–294, 294, 298
Human trafficking, 192
Hurtado, A., 16, 15–16, 18, 45–46, 46, 48, 53, 171, 173, 173–174, 434
Huwe, J. M., 455–456, 459
Hyde, J. S., 8, 91–92, 96, 99, 100, 258, 270, 278, 279, 280, 394, 395–396, 396
Hygiology (strengths-based counseling), 49–50, 74, 76–77, 437, 487
I
Identity. see also under specific ethnicities
bisexuality, 133
collective, 92
concepts of, 14–15, 415
development, 47–48, 56 (see also specific ethnicities)
development in African-American women (see African-American women)
ethics in, 29–31, 30–31, 33, 34–35 (see also ethics)
Guidelines for Ethical Psychological Practice With Women, 12–13
Guidelines for Psychological Practice With Girls and Women (see Guidelines for Psychological Practice With Girls and Women)
intersectionality in, 70
lifespan development case study, 47–48
in men, 325, 327–328, 330, 331, 336
nonsexist practice development, 6–8
pan-Asian, 186–187, 194
personal, social identities interdependency, 311–312
Personal/Social Identities Model, 312
in self-esteem development, 52–53, 92
10 Guidelines for Therapy and Counseling With Women, 7–8
in trauma, 377
“two-spirit” identities, 93, 96, 101
Identity Salience Model, 47, 70
Iftar (evening meal), 223–224
Ilies, R., 287, 289, 289
Illfelder-Kaye, J., 440, 442
Immigrant women
advocacy, activism for, 477
career counseling for, 269
couples and family counseling, 367
eldercare responsibilities, 283
synthesis scores, 103
transnational counseling psychology for, 247–248
Immigration Act of 1917, 184, 185
Immigration Act of 1924, 185
Impett, E. A., 51, 53, 71
Implementation Collective, 472–473
Incest (betrayal), 377–378, 381
Indigenous Ways of Knowing, 98
Indigenous women, 5, 8
Inner-City Muslim Action Network (IMAN), 225
Integrated Training Model (ITM), 440–441
Interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT), 399
Interpersonal therapy (IPT), 161
Interpersonal violence. see sexual assault; trauma
Intersectionality. see also social context
in African-American identity development, 120–124, 396
in American Muslim women, 228–229
in Asian American women, 186–187, 191–192, 434
in body dissatisfaction, eating disorders, 397–398
in counseling psychology, 70, 90, 487
in feminism, 246–247
in feminist psychological practice, 307
in Latina identity development, 170, 434
in lifespan development, 46, 48, 50, 51
in mentoring, 455
in multicultural education, 422–423
in power/research relationships, 92–93, 104, 108n
in training and education, 434
in transnational counseling psychology, 246–247, 247–248
in trauma, 373
in women with disabilities, 201–202, 212–213
Intimate partner violence, 73
Intrapersonal/intrapsychic power, 350
Islam, 222–224
Islamic Social Services, 232–233
Islamophobia, 229–231
Isom, D., 17, 342–343, 485–486
Israel, B. A., 73, 73
Israel, T., 11, 10, 16, 39, 421, 424
Israeli, A. L., 401, 402
Isreal, T., 434
Ivey, A. E., 77, 246, 427, 435, 465–466, 488
J
Jackson, A. P., 440, 442
Jackson, L., 233, 233–234
Jaggar, A. M., 18, 28, 37, 305, 415–416, 416
Jagger, A. M., 33, 36
Jankowski, K. R. B., 161, 162
Japanese American internment, WWII, 185
Jewell, K. S., 120, 127
Jing Yin, 98
Johnson, D. C., 140–141, 158, 318, 335
Johnson, J., 267
Johnson, L. B., 290
Johnson, M., 143, 268–269
Johnson, N. G., 8, 76–77, 77, 304, 309, 325, 326, 334, 447
Johnson, W. B., 454, 455–456, 458, 459
Jones, C., 121, 122, 125, 127
Jones, G. B., 261–262, 270–271
Jones, J. M., 98, 102
Jongsma, A. E., 70, 77, 78
Jordan, C., 70, 71
Joseph, D. L., 277, 486
Joseph, S., 75, 75–76, 486
Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development (JMCD), 6
Judge, A. B., 4, 48, 155, 156, 246
Jung, J., 393–394, 396–397
Juntunen, C. L., 59, 440, 485, 487
Justin, M., 418–419, 422
K
Kafer, A., 202, 204, 209
Kahn, A. S., 17, 89, 102, 106, 395
Kant, Immanuel, 28
Kantamneni, N., 257, 258, 258–259, 263
Kaplan, A. G., 45, 358–359
Karamah, 225, 228
Kashubeck-West, S., 103, 132, 134–135, 136, 137, 140, 141–142, 142, 146, 147–148, 148, 149, 392, 486, 487
Kassan, A., 415, 486
Katzman, M. A., 393–394, 396, 397, 398, 399
Kearney, L. K., 282–283, 401, 402
Keeling, M. L., 362, 363
Keith, V. M., 121–122, 125
Kelly, E. L., 278, 282, 285
Kemp, N., 208, 210
Kessler, R. C., 56–57, 73, 125, 135, 392–393
Keyes, C. L. M., 75, 75–76, 78
Khuankaew, O., 475
(p. 501) Kim, B. S. K., 173, 173–174
Kimmel, E. B., 72, 436
King, K. D., 94, 434
King, K. R., 99, 136–137
Kiselica, M. S., 323, 344, 349, 422, 471
Klonoff, E. A., 72, 73–74, 77, 200–201
Knapp, D. E., 294, 295, 298n
Knopman, D. S., 59, 59–60, 60, 61
Konik, J., 138, 144, 144–145
Korea, 396–397
Koss, M. P., 289, 295, 296
Krieger, N., 73, 73–74, 200–201
Kristof, N., 375, 375–376, 376
Krumboltz, J. D., 261–262, 270–271
Krupnick, J. L., 161
Kurtines, W., 68, 70
Kwong, A. K., 189, 424, 479–480
L
Lachman, M. E., 57, 58, 59
Ladany, N., 73, 445–446
Lam, C. B., 287–288, 288, 293, 293–294, 294
Lam, N. A., 173, 173–174
Lambert, S. J., 58–59, 278
Lammel, J. A., 213, 215
Landrine, H., 45, 72, 73–74, 77, 200–201, 246–247
Landry, L. J., 71, 200–201, 394
Langhout, R. D., 295, 296
Languishing, 78
Lara, I., 175, 176–177
Latinas. see also Hispanic women
acculturation of, 173
bias and discrimination towards, 173
binge eating prevalence, 395
career counseling for, 268
caregiving by, 57
centrality, 173–174
coping skills, 176–177
counselor training programs, 178 (see also training and education)
couples and family counseling, 364, 366
critical consciousness (conscientizaçáo) in, 341–342, 347, 417, 435
cultural, gender scripts (marianismo), 174–175, 395–396
cultural perceptions of beauty in, 395–396
cultural resilience model, 49–50
cultural values, 171, 177
demographics, 170–171
education, 172–173
eldercare responsibilities, 283
empowerment, 175–176, 177
enculturation, 173
experiences model of vocation development, 267
expression, comfort via language, 171–172
family (familismo), 173–174, 174–175
gender roles, 101, 172–173, 174–176
heterosexism among, 136–137
identities
dimensions of, 170, 434
ethnic, 173
gender vs. ethnicity, 169–170
individual vs. group, 169–170
intersectionality in, 170, 434
language of, 171–172
poderosas, 176–177, 177–178
self-referents, 170, 177
immigration, generational status, 171
Islam, converting to, 235
lesbianas, 144–145, 174–175
LGBT parenting issues, 142–143
Maria Paradox, 175
mestisaje, 175–176, 434
overview, 169, 179–180
P-E fit theory, 258
poderosas, 176–177, 177–178
poverty rates, 159
protective factors, 173–174
public regard, 173–174
research, Latina-specific, 178–179
role complexity, 174–176, 177
sexuality, sensuality, 175–176
social cognitive career theory, 264
Society for the Psychology of Women (Division 35), 5, 8
socioeconomic status, 159, 172–173
Spanglish, 171–172
spirituality, 175–176
therapy basis for, 177–178
traditionality, 173–174
traitors (malincheormalinchistas), 174–175
with-group heterogeneity, 170
Latinos, 331
Lau, A. S. M., 424, 479–480
Launer, L. J., 59, 59–60, 61
Lazarus, R. S., 294–295, 344
Leach, M. M., 246, 247
Lean, E. R., 286, 291
Leaper, C., 101, 134, 135–136
Leathers, L., 228, 246, 247–248, 366–367
Lee, S. J., 188, 264, 396, 397, 398, 399
Lehman, J., 398, 401, 402, 403
Leigh, I. W., 208, 208–209, 210, 210–211
Leonard, M. M., 6–7, 94–95, 99, 119–120
Leong, F. T. L., 6, 184, 246, 247, 268–269
Lerman, H., 6–7, 77, 208, 246
Lerner, R. M., 46, 48, 49
Lesbian feminism, 420–422
Lesbians. see also sexuality (LGBT)
African-American, 123, 126, 137
couples and family counseling, 359, 362, 365–366
household income, 144–145
overview, 134, 342–343
poverty, 144–145
psychosocial health of, 134
Leslie, L. A., 285, 365
Leung, S. A., 246, 247
Levant, R. F., 322–323, 325, 328, 334
Levitt, H. M., 137, 138, 242, 249, 250
Lewis, B. L., 424, 441–442
Lewis, J. A., 348–349, 427, 441, 446, 470–471
LGBT issues. see sexuality (LGBT)
Li, L. C., 344
Liberal feminism, 305–306, 307–308, 415–416
Lifespan development
accountability in, 48
aggression, 53
belongingness, attachment, 53, 55
bullying behavior, 53
career development, 59
caregiving, 55, 58
case study, identity, 47–48
challenge model of resilience, 48–49
childhood and adolescence
cognitive, academic/vocational development, 53–54
developmental tasks (crises) in, 51
emotional development, 52–53
intersectionality in, 51
physical development, 51–52
social development, 53
child-parent relationships, 58
classical theories of, 45–46
compensatory model of resilience, 48–49
control, sense of, 58
cultural resilience model, 49–50
depression, 55
discrimination, 58
diversity in theories of, 46
divorce, 58
Ecological Model of Multicultural Counseling Psychology Processes (EMMCPP), 47
ecological systems theory, 46–47, 47–48, 61
education in, 56
empowerment, 50, 54, 58–59
friendship, 55
gender roles, 58, 58–59
gender schema theory, 53
generativity, 58
health care access, 57
identity development, 47–48, 56
Identity Salience Model, 47
intimacy, 55, 58–59, 61
marriage, 61
menopause, 57
middle adulthood
cognitive, academic/vocational development, 59
emotional development, 58
physical development, 57
research on, 56–57
social development, 58–59
transitions in, 57
multiple social identities, 46–48
nuclear family tradition, 55
older adulthood
cognitive, academic/vocational development, 61
emotional development, 60
lack of attention to, 59–60
physical development, 60
social development, 60–61
peer group influences, 53, 55
(p. 502) peer/romantic tradition, 55
pregnancy prevention programs, 54
protective factor model of resilience, 48–49
resilience, 48–50, 53
self-esteem, 52–53, 55
self-reflexivity in, 48, 53, 55
sexuality (midlife), 57
social competency, 53
social context (intersectionality) in, 46, 48, 50, 51
social engagement, 60
social media usage, 61
social networks, 60–61
stigma, 60–61
strengths-based counseling, 49–50
understanding of self, 47–48, 56
well-being, 58, 60
wisdom, 59, 61
young adulthood
cognitive, academic/vocational development, 56
emotional development, 55
markers in, 54
physical development, 54–55
social development, 55
success in, 54
Lim, S., 291, 294
Lindberg, S. M., 71, 270, 394
Lindlau, S., 478, 486
Lindley, L. D., 264, 265, 271
Linehan, M. M., 399, 399–400, 400
Ling, Y., 278, 281, 282–283, 284
Linley, P. A., 75, 75–76
Liu, W. M., 156, 229, 367, 488
Living Our Visions project, 477
Lloyd, M., 70, 199
Locke, B., 324, 328
Lock Swarr, A., 241–242, 247, 249
Lockwood, A. L., 280, 281, 282, 283, 285, 458
Loewy, M. I., 440, 442
Lonborg, S. D., 258, 258–259, 261, 264–265
Lopez, M. H., 170–171, 171
Lopez, S. J., 74, 75, 75–76, 77, 78
Lorde, A., 36, 97, 107, 340, 350
Lott, B., 156, 157, 159, 159–160, 160, 164–165, 165
Louie, K. B., 193
Luchetta, E. J., 256, 257
Ludlow, L., 324, 328
Luhmann, S., 421
Luke, C., 415, 418
Lusk, M., 318, 335
Lusterman, D.-D., 362
Luthar, S. S., 48, 49
Lyness, K. P., 359, 361–362, 362
M
MacKinnon, L. K., 359, 359–360
Magley, V. J., 286, 286, 287, 289–290, 290–291, 293, 293–294, 294, 295, 296, 298n
Mahalik, J. R., 324, 328, 328–329, 334
Maher, C. P., 278–279, 280, 280–281
Maher, F. A., 418, 422
Main, M., 377
Maine, M., 400–401, 402
Majors, R., 116, 123, 325–326, 330
Malamut, A. B., 295, 296
Malincheormalinchistas (traitors), 174–175
Mallinckrodt, B., 208, 210
Malson, H., 398, 400–401
Mancilla, Y., 68, 70
Marchand, A., 278, 298
Marecek, J., 14, 17
Marianismo (cultural, gender scripts), 174–175, 395–396
Marín, G., 173–174, 174
Marti, C. N., 404
Martin, J. L., 147, 291
Masculinity. see men and masculinity
Masjid Study Project 2000, 226–227
Masten, A. S., 48–49, 51
Mathews, S. S., 246, 250, 474–475
Matteson Mundt, A., 213, 214, 215
Matthews, C. K., 209, 209–210, 213, 215, 421
Mays, V. M., 135
McDavis, R. J., 156, 414, 435
McDowell, T., 246, 246–247, 249, 413–414
McGoldrick, M., 245, 246–247, 247–248, 361, 366
McIntosh, P., 16, 205–206
McKee, M. D., 161, 162
McKie, L., 205
McLain, M., 424, 479–480
McLaughlin-Volpe, T., 30–31, 92
McManus, S. E., 458, 459, 459
McPherson, R. H., 10, 306, 465–466
McRae, M., 9, 340, 340–341
McWhirter, E. H., 50, 263, 264, 266–267, 269, 343
Mejia, B. X., 13, 31, 267, 367, 432–433, 440–441, 446
Men and masculinity
African American, 325–326, 330, 331–333
bias and discrimination towards, 330, 331–333
bisexual, gay, 134, 330
breadwinner ideal, 328
case studies, 327, 329–330, 331–333
collaboration in therapeutic relationship, 326, 332
context analysis, 331
coping strategies, 325–326, 331–333
counseling psychologists in study of, 323
disempowerment of, 324–325, 328, 331–333
domestic violence interventions for, 68–69
empowerment of, 324–325, 333
feminist therapy for, 322–323, 325, 331–333
Gender Aware Therapy, 328
gender role analysis, 323–324, 327–328, 333
gender role conflict, 327–328
gender role strain paradigm, 327–328
gender role stress, 327–328
gender role therapy strategies, 328–330
history, 323–324
identity in, 325, 327–328, 330, 331, 336
Latinos, 331
New Man ideal, 330
no-coercion rule, 326
outcome research, 335
overview, 335–336
personal connections in, 325, 333
power dynamics analysis, 324–325, 331, 332
power dynamics therapy strategies, 325–327
religious views, 330
self-disclosure, 327
sex concept research, 335–336
sexual assault of, 375–376 (see also sexual assault)
sexual harassment of, 290 (see also sexual harassment)
sexuality (midlife), 57
socialization of, 325, 327–328, 330, 331, 336
social location analysis, 330–331, 332, 332–333
social location therapy strategies, 331
social support for gay, bisexual, 137
socioeconomic status, 330
stereotypes, 332, 332–333, 334
therapist self-awareness, 333–335
therapy/psychology integration, 323, 336
Mendoza, B., 243, 246–247, 251
Menopause, 57
Mentoring
advocacy training, 456, 470, 477
bias and discrimination in, 455–456, 459
conflict resolution, 459
culture, 455, 459
dysfunctional relationships, 459
effective relationships, 456–458
Fassinger, R. E., 452–453
gender differences, 457–458
individual differences, 458
international relationships, 459–461
intersectionality in, 455
mentor/mentee interactions, 458
multicultural feminist model, 454–456
multiculturalism in, 453–454
networking in, 452
organizational differences, 458
overview, 451–452, 461–462
power-distance index (PDI), 460–461
power issues in, 452, 454, 459
relationship quality, 458
romantic relationships, 459
sexual harassment, 459
social justice, 454
social justice pre-practicum, 474
supervision by, 445
Mentz, G., 73
Mercurio, A. E., 71, 200–201, 394
Mestisaje, 175–176, 434
Mete, M., 161, 171
Metz, A. J., 10, 465–466
Meyer, D., 73–74, 136–137
Meyer, I. H., 16–17, 134–135, 135, 137, 142, 365
Mickey, R. M., 134, 144–145
Microaggressions, 202–204, 206–208, 208–210
Mill, John Stuart, 28
Miller, D. N., 76, 359, 359–360
Miller, D. S., 31
(p. 503) Miller, J. B., 33, 45, 93, 119, 162, 306, 308, 358–359
Miller, P. H., 51, 53, 53–54
Mills, S., 418, 422
Milsom, A., 213, 215
Mindfulness therapy, 400, 403
Minority Identity Development Model, 91
Mintz, L. B., 268–269, 325, 326, 392, 440, 442, 487
Miranda, J., 161, 171
Mitchell, A. M., 120, 121, 124, 261–262, 270–271
Mitchell, J., 398–399, 402
Miville, M. L., 13, 31, 146–147, 432–433, 440, 440–441, 442, 443, 444, 445, 446, 486
Mobley, M., 45, 46
Model minority myth, 187–188, 195
Model of Harm, 295
Modesty (hijab), 224, 233–234
Moel, J. M., 228, 246, 247–248, 366–367
Moffitt, L. B., 136, 137, 138, 149, 394
Mohanty, C. T., 115–116, 120, 246–247
Mohr, J. J., 14–15, 131–132, 133, 134, 136, 137, 148
Mollen, D., 414
Monson, S. P., 200, 208
MONSOON United Asian Women of Iowa, 232–233
Montes de Vegas, A. Y., 339–340, 343, 348
Montgomery, M. J., 45–46, 51, 53–54, 55
Moodley, R., 189, 190
Moore, C., 286–287, 287, 290, 291
Moore, K. M., 226, 227–228, 228, 232, 235
Moracco, B., 68, 69
Morals. see ethics
Morell, C., 204, 215
Morris, J. F., 134, 135–136, 142, 205
Morris, P. A., 45, 46
Morrow, S. L., 17–18, 264, 265, 339, 339–340, 343, 345, 348, 349, 351, 453, 471, 477, 479–480, 486
Morten, G., 91, 415
Moya, P. M. L., 4, 18
Muhammad (Prophet), 222
Multicultural counseling and therapy (MCT), 435
Multicultural education
authority, 418
bias and discrimination in, 417
challenges, barriers to, 423–424
classroom principles, 422–423
course content revision, 417–418
critical consciousness (conscientizaçáo) in, 341–342, 347, 417, 435
discourse analysis, 418
empowerment, 418
feminist pedagogy in, 413, 415, 422–423 (see also feminism)
generational dynamics, differences in, 419–420
history, basic concepts, 413–415
intersectionality in, 422–423
journaling in, 422
knowledge, 418, 422
lesbian, queer pedagogy, 420–422
multicultural/social reconstructionist approach, 414
multiple identities in, 422–423
normalcy concept, 421
pedagogy, 414–415
positionality, 418
praxis concept, 413–414
reflexivity, 418–419
safety, 418
self-disclosure in, 420, 423
social constructionist model, 419
social justice pedagogy in, 424–425 (see also social justice)
teacher-student relationship power dynamics, 417, 418, 423
voice, 418, 422
Multicultural Guidelines on Education and Training, Research, Practice, and Organizational Development for Psychologists, 10, 24, 156, 433–434, 474
Multiculturalism
centralization of historically, 8–9
characterization of, 3–4, 211
concepts of, 18, 246, 433–434
ethics (see ethics)
in feminist psychological practice, 307, 308
integration into holistic approach, 3–4, 17–18, 246, 486–487
in mentoring, 453–454
pedagogy of, 414–415
Multidimensional Model of Racial Identity (MMRI), 118
Multiple identities. see social identity
Munson, L. J., 287, 290–291, 294
Murnen, S. K., 394, 405
Murphy, R. O., 287
Muslimat al-Nisaa, 225, 232–233
Muslim community (ummah), 225
Mussell, M. P., 403–404, 404
Mutuality
in counseling psychology, 162
in empowerment, 436, 437, 442
in social justice, 467
in training and education, 436, 437, 442
Myers, J. K., 159, 159–160
Myers, L. J., 93, 99, 118, 120
Myrsiades, K., 116, 120
Myrsiades, L., 116, 120
N
Nadal, K. L., 203, 208–209, 210
Namaste, V., 102, 105
Nash, S., 413, 467–468
National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE), 398–399
National Multicultural Conference and Summit (NMCS), 9–10, 306
National Origins Act of 1924, 184, 185
Nation of Islam, 225
Native Americans. see American Indian women
Negative transference case study, 334
Neilson, V., 138–139, 139, 147–148
Nelson, M. L., 444, 445
Nemeroff, C. J., 393, 419
Nettles, R., 208, 210, 210–211
Neumark-Sztainer, D., 393, 395
Neville, H. A., 45, 46, 68, 69, 73, 250, 396, 440, 442, 488
Newcomb, M. D., 51–52, 330
Ng, R., 416–417, 417
NICE (National Institute for Clinical Excellence), 398–399
Nigar, R., 241–242, 247, 249
Niles, S. G., 260, 261
Nilsson, J. E., 4, 48, 146, 155, 156, 246
Nishii, L. H., 291, 292
NMCS (National Multicultural Conference and Summit), 9–10, 306
Noddings, N., 33, 33–34, 35
Noe, R. A., 457, 458
Noll, S. M., 71, 394
Noonan, B. M., 208, 267
Norcross, J. C., 326, 343, 383–384
Norsworthy, K. L., 247, 474, 475, 486
Nosek, M. A., 199, 200, 201–202, 202, 203, 213
Nota, L., 263–264, 264
Nutt Williams, E. see Williams, E. N.
O
OADO (Orlando Anti-discrimination Ordinance Committee), 474
Obama, Michelle, 398
Objectification of self, 71, 73, 136, 379, 394
Objectification theory, 394
Objectified body consciousness, 394
Oboler, S., 169–170, 170
O’Brien, K. M., 8–9, 68, 69, 264, 267, 269, 425
Occupational Choice, 259
Ochs, R., 132–133, 133
Offermann, L. R., 295, 296
Ojeda, L., 264, 268, 330
Okazaki, S., 6
Okazawa-Rey, M., 420
O’Leary, V. E., 48, 49, 50, 75, 77
O’Leary-Kelly, A. M., 286, 291
Olkin, R., 200, 201, 204–205, 207, 208, 209, 210, 210–211, 211, 367
Olmedo, E., 415
Olson, A., 137–138, 138, 148, 295
Omi, M., 115, 115–116
Omolade, B., 416–417, 417
O’Neil, J. M., 323, 328, 327–328, 360, 362
Open Society Institute, 474–475
Oppression, power, privilege relationships. see also power/research relationships
able-bodied privilege (ableism), 202–204 (see also able-bodied privilege (ableism))
in African-American identity development, 115–116, 117–118, 121
in body dissatisfaction, eating disorders, 397, 401
challenges inherent in, 340–341, 486
concepts of, 15–16, 311–312, 414–415
in consciousness raising groups, 305, 318
in couples and family counseling, 359–360, 363–364
ethical treatment of, 37
(p. 504) feminist concepts of, 415–416
gender-based, 73–74
Guidelines for Ethical Psychological Practice With Women, 12–13
Guidelines for Psychological Practice With Girls and Women (see Guidelines for Psychological Practice With Girls and Women)
intersectionality in, 70
nonsexist practice development, 6–8
postmodernism ethics in, 37–38
in poverty, 157
practice guideline integration, 13, 311–312
research methodologies, 87–88, 88
self-reflexivity in, 48
10 Guidelines for Therapy and Counseling With Women, 7–8
in transnational counseling psychology, 242–243, 244, 245, 248, 249–250
value systems sustaining, 160, 323–324, 350–351
Oppression myth, 188–189, 227
Orlando Anti-discrimination Ordinance Committee (OADO), 474
Ormerod, A. J., 277, 286–287, 287, 291, 292, 297, 486
Ortiz, S. Y., 72, 73
Osipow, S. H., 256, 265, 266, 270–271, 466, 479
Ossana, S. M., 94–95, 99, 119–120
Overall, C., 204, 215
Over-identification case study, 334–335
Ovrebo, E., 137, 138, 242
Owens, G. P., 136, 147–148, 148
Ozbilgin, M., 278, 282–283, 283–284, 285
P
Packard, T., 4, 31, 59, 309–310, 310
Palmieri, P. A., 291, 295, 296, 297
Palombi, B. J., 11, 17, 200, 201–202, 208, 209, 210, 212, 213, 214, 215, 367–368, 485–486, 488
Pan-Asian identity, 186–187, 194
Papp, P., 359, 359–360
Pargament, K. I., 229–230, 230
Parham, T. A., 414, 446, 447
Park, J., 451, 452, 454–455, 456
Park, N., 60, 76
Parker, L., 363, 364
Parker, S. K., 278, 297–298
Park-Taylor, J., 100, 100
Parsons, Frank, 256, 465–466
Parsons, J., 162, 471–472
Participatory action research (PAR), 17, 39, 164, 476
Passel, J. S., 170–171, 171
Patterson, C. J., 142, 142–143
Peaceful Families Project, 225, 231–232, 232–233
Pearce, D., 156, 158
Pedersen, P. B., 31, 31–32, 156, 246, 435
Peller, J. E., 344
Pelletier, J., 208
Pellettiere, L. A., 188, 245
Penedo, F. J., 49
People of color. see also specific ethnicities
access to education by, 56
body dissatisfaction, eating disorders in, 395–397
couples and family counseling, 366–367
devaluation of historically, 33, 433
developmental career theory, 260
difficulty of dialogues with whites, 9
education of (see multicultural education)
ethnic minority organizations history, 6
experiences model of vocation development, 267
lesbian household income, 144–145
menopause perceptions by, 57
multicultural therapy perceptions by, 211
poverty rates, 159
role models, mentors for, 69
significant issues faced by, 9
social cognitive career theory, 264
social justice advocacy roles by, 466
Perez, F. V., 174–175
Perez, V. H., 171
Perez, M., 404
Permission, 351–352
Perpetual foreigner myth, 188
Perrewé, P. L., 458
Perrone, K. M., 278, 283–284, 296–297
Perry, R. L., 103
Personal is political, 312–313, 341–342, 347, 416, 437, 488
Personal/Social Identities Model, 312
Person-environment (P-E) fit theory, 256–259, 270–271
career counseling, 258–259
constructs, 257
gender differences in, 257–258, 258–259
hexagonal structure of, 257, 258
interest patterns, 256–257
measures of, 257
personality types, 256
racial/ethnic populations, 258
Self Directed Search (SDS), 257, 258–259
Strong Interest Inventory (SII), 257
Unisex Edition of the ACT Interest Inventory (UNIACT), 258–259
Persons with disabilities (PWD). see women with disabilities (WWD)
Peterson, C., 74, 76, 142–143
Phelps, R. E., 9, 445
Phillips, J. C., 72, 205–206, 486
Phillips, M., 73, 73–74
Philpot, C. L., 359, 361–362, 362
Piaget, Jean, 45, 53–54
Pieterse, A. L., 424, 465–466
Pilgrimage (hajj), 224
Pinderhughes, E. B., 359, 366
Piran, N., 51, 51–52, 53, 54
Pistole, M. C., 13, 31, 432–433, 440–441, 446
Pittman, F., 359, 361
Plato, 28, 38
Pleck, J., 328, 327–328
Poderosas, 176–177, 177–178
Poly-victimization, 377
Ponterotto, J. G., 17–18, 100
Pope, R. L., 93, 120, 415
Porché-Burke, L., 9–10, 471
Porter, N., 208, 246, 307, 444
Positionality, 418, 436–437
Positive psychology, 74–75, 78–79
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), 376, 378–380, 383
Poverty. see also socioeconomic status
bias and discrimination towards, 159, 159–160, 342
classism, 157, 159–160, 342–343
co-created therapeutic interventions, 163–164
cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), 161–162
community mental health center (CMHC) movement, 159–160
community praxis interventions, 164
counseling psychology’s relationships with, 156–157, 159–162
in couples and family counseling, 367
defined, 157
demographics of, 158–159
denial of services to, 159
depression, anxiety in, 161–162
family structure changes in, 159
feminist relational advocacy, 165
feminist therapy for, 156, 162–164, 342
healthy person views, 160–161
income gap (economic apartheid), 158
income inequalities, gender-based, 158–159
interpersonal therapy (IPT), 161
LGBT, 144–145, 159
Mental Health Attitude Survey, 159–160
middle class defined, 157
overview, 155, 164–165
owning class defined, 157
physical development effects, 52
power, oppression in, 157
pregnancy prevention programs, 54
prevalence of women in, 156, 158
psychology-of-working perspective, 162–163
psychotherapy, 159–162
Relational Cultural Therapy (RCT), 162
social class, 157
social justice, 162–164 (see also social justice)
social status, liberation perspectives, 104
therapeutic experiences, 156–157
therapeutic outcomes, 159–160, 165
value systems sustaining, 160
women with disabilities, 210 (see also women with disabilities (WWD))
working class defined, 157
working poor, 158
Powell, G. N., 278, 279, 280, 281, 282–283, 284
Power. see also empowerment; oppression, power, privilege relationships
analysis in EFT, 317
analysis in FMT, 347–348
analysis in practice generally, 317
colonization in, 341
dynamics, context theme, 37–38, 97
dynamics analysis, 324–325, 331, 332
dynamics in study of women with disabilities, 97
dynamics therapy strategies, 325–327
heuristic model of nonoppressive interpersonal development, 445–446
intrapersonal/intrapsychic, 350
permission, 351–352
social-contextual, 351
somatic, 350
token torturers, 350–351
(p. 505) Power-distance index (PDI), 460–461
Power Equity Guide, 363
Power/research relationships. see also oppression, power, privilege relationships
assumptions, 102
beneficiaries of, 96, 104–105, 108–109n
bias and discrimination in, 96–98, 101, 105–106
collective identity, 92
conceptions of, 89
confirmation bias, 102
contextual factors in analysis of, 92
critical analysis of, 89
Feminist Identity Composite (FIC), 96, 99, 101, 103, 104, 105
feminist identity development, 91–92, 94–96, 101, 105–106
Feminist Identity Development model, 96
Feminist Identity Development Scale (FIDS), 96, 99, 103
Feminist Identity Scale (FIS), 99, 103
Feminist Identity Scale-revised (FIS-R), 96
foreground vs. background analysis, 89
funding issues, 487–488
gender differences in perception of, 106
gender role attitudes, 101
identity development, 91–92, 94–96, 105–106
inclusiveness of systems in examination of, 90
Indigenous Ways of Knowing, 98
individualism in, 90, 105–106
influences on research, 87–88, 88, 90–91, 96–98
intersectionality, 92–93, 104, 108n
metacognition, 102, 106
Minority Identity Development Model, 91
multiple identity status, 92
partiality in examination of, 90
principles for analysis of, 89–91
privilege, 90, 96–98, 101
questioning of individualism in, 105–106
questioning of interpretations in,