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date: 20 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

During its first decade of practice and scholarship, feminist therapy was rich with political analysis. As feminist therapy has become more professionalized, political analysis has been de-emphasized (Morrow & Hawxhurst, 1998). Multicultural counseling has focused on the importance of building cross-cultural relationships and examining issues related to counselor and client identity development, as well as engaging clients in understanding the context and cultural variables surrounding their lives and the problems they bring to counseling. However, engaging clients in analyzing the sociopolitical forces impacting their lives has been a nebulous activity, left to the counselor or therapist to figure out on her or his own. This chapter addresses points of convergence and paradoxes surrounding the integration of feminist and multicultural perspectives, including issues of inclusion. We also define feminist multicultural counseling (FMC) as an integrative approach to counseling and therapy. Next, we address the implementation of FMC, including the underlying components. Finally, we offer a process-oriented empowerment model for use in FMC.

Keywords: Feminist multicultural counseling, feminist multicultural therapy, empowerment, colonization, social justice counseling

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