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date: 05 July 2020

(p. xiii) Contributors

(p. xiii) Contributors

Robert Adam, a Deaf native signer, is Research Associate at the Deafness Cognition and Language Research Centre (DCAL) of University College, London. He has been involved with research projects investigating sign language segmentation and sociolinguistics research at DCAL. He is currently undertaking doctoral studies in language contact between sign languages.

Maciej Baranowski is a Lecturer in Linguistics and English Language at the University of Manchester. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania. He conducts research into phonological variation and sound change in progress in dialects of English in the United States and the United Kingdom.

Matthew C. Bronson is Associate Professor of Social and Cultural Anthropology at the California Institute of Integral Studies in San Francisco and a teacher educator at the University of California, Davis. He works in the areas of language socialization, advanced academic literacy, and educational assessment.

Vineeta Chand is a Lecturer in Sociolinguistics at the University of Essex, UK. Her research deals with ideologies, contemporary language practices, and diachronic linguistic change in urban Indian English as well as clinical sociolinguistic research on language practices in the context of aging and dementia.

Anne H. Charity Hudley is Associate Professor of Education, English, Linguistics, and Africana Studies at the College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia. She is associate editor of Language and directs the William and Mary Scholars Program. With Christine Mallinson, she is author of Understanding English Language Variation in U.S. Schools and We Do Language: English Language Variation in the Secondary English Classroom.

Alexandra D’Arcy is Assistant Professor and the Director of the Sociolinguistics Research Lab at the University of Victoria. She is interested in both diachronic and synchronic aspects of grammaticalization and variation and change; her research focuses on the morphosyntax and discourse-pragmatics of English.

Jean-Marc Dewaele is Professor of Applied Linguistics at Birkbeck College, University of London. His research focuses on sociolinguistic and sociopragmatic competence and on the communication of emotions in a variety of languages and contexts. His recent publications include Emotions in Multiple Languages (2010) and New Trends in Crosslinguistic and Multilingualism Research (with Gessica De Angelis, 2011). (p. xiv)

Richard M. Frankel is Professor of Medicine and Geriatrics and the statewide professionalism competency director at the Indiana University School of Medicine. He is also the Associate Director of the VA Center of Excellence on Implementing Evidence-Based Practice at the Richard L. Roudebush Veterans Administration Medical Center in Indianapolis and directs its fellowship programs. Dr. Frankel is a qualitative health services researcher whose scholarship has focused on the impact of physician patient communication on processes, outcomes, and quality of care. He is the co-developer of the Four Habits of Highly Effective Clinicians, which has been used to train more than 10,000 physicians in the United States and abroad.

Charlotte Gooskens is Associate Professor of Scandinavian Linguistics at the University of Groningen, the Netherlands. Her research deals with perceptual and communicative effects of language variation, for example, language attitudes, speaker identity, and mutual intelligibility of closely related languages. She uses experimental research methods and exact measurement techniques. She is leader of the project Mutual Intelligibility of Closely Related Languages in Europe: Linguistic and Non-Linguistic Determinants, financed by The Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research at the Center for Language and Cognition, Groningen.

Kyle Gorman is a postdoctoral fellow at the Center for Spoken Language Understanding at the Oregon Health and Science University in Portland, Oregon. He received his Ph.D. in linguistics from the University of Pennsylvania. His research deploys quantitative techniques for the study of phonology, morphology, and language acquisition and variation.

Lenore A. Grenoble is Professor of General and Slavic Linguistics at the University of Chicago. Her publications include Language Documentation: Practices and Values (ed. with N. Louanna Furbee, 2010), Saving Languages (with Lindsay J. Whaley, 2006) and “Language ecology and endangerment” (Austin & Sallabank, eds., Handbook of Endangered Languages, 2011).

François Grin is Professor of Economics at the University of Geneva’s School of Translation and Interpretation. He has specialized in language economics and language policy evaluation, has published widely in these fields, and advises regional or national authorities as well as international organizations on language policy issues.

Rainer Enrique Hamel is Professor of Linguistics at the Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana in Mexico City. He has published on bilingualism and bilingual education, language policy, conflict and shift, and multilingualism in science and higher education. Recent publications include “Indigenous language policy and education in Mexico” and “Bilingual education for indigenous communities in Mexico” in the Encyclopedia of Language and Education and “L’aménagement linguistique et la globalisation des langues du monde” in Télescope. (p. xv)

Joseph Hill is Assistant Professor in the Specialized Educational Services Department at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. He is a coordinator of the ASL Teacher Licensure concentration of the Professions in Deafness program. He is also a co-author of The Hidden Treasure of Black ASL: Its History and Structure (2011).

Martin Howard is Lecturer in French and Director of the Applied Linguistics programme at University College Cork (Ireland). He is currently Vice-President of the European Second Language Association, and has previously served as Director-at-Large of the International Council for Canadian Studies. His research focuses on Second Language Acquisition, sociolinguistics, and Canadian studies.

Daniel Ezra Johnson is Lecturer in Sociophonetics at Lancaster University (UK). He received his Ph.D. in linguistics from the University of Pennsylvania. He is the author of Stability and Change along a Dialect Boundary: The Low Vowels of Southeastern New England (Publication of the American Dialect Society 95). His research interests include quantitative methods and dialectology.

Trevor Johnston is Associate Professor of Linguistics at Macquarie University, Sydney. In the 1980s he identified and named Auslan (Australian Sign Language), securing its recognition by educators and governments. Since then he has led in the documentation and description of the language (sketch grammar, dictionaries, research articles, introductory textbook, and linguistic corpora).

Nkonko M. Kamwangamalu is Professor of Linguistics in the Department of English at Howard University, Washington, DC. He is Polity Editor for the Series “Current Issues in Language Planning”; author of the monograph The Language Planning Situation in South Africa; and of numerous refereed articles on topics in language planning, codeswitching, multilingualism, and African linguistics.

Tyler Kendall is Assistant Professor of Linguistics at the University of Oregon. His recent work focuses on the sociophonetics of speech production and perception and corpus and computational methods in the study of language variation and change. He is the developer of several sociolinguistic software projects, including SLAAP (, and the author of the forthcoming monograph Speech Rate, Pause, and Sociolinguistic Variation: Studies in Corpus Sociophonetics.

Ruth King is Professor of Linguistics at York University, Toronto. Her research deals with patterns of grammatical variation and change in French, as well as general issues around language change, including the process by which language contact leads to grammatical change. She is the author of three books and numerous journal articles and book chapters.

Juliet Langman is Associate Professor of Applied Linguistics in the Department of Bicultural-Bilingual Studies at the University of Texas at San Antonio. Her research focuses on minority youth populations in multilingual settings, exploring (p. xvi) the intersection between language use and identity. Her research settings include school and community-based contexts in the United States and Central Europe.

Li Wei is Professor of Applied Linguistics at Birkbeck College, University of London, where he is also Pro-Vice Master for Research and Director of the Birkbeck Graduate School. He is an Academician of the Academy of Social Sciences, UK. His publications include the award-winning Blackwell Guide to Research Methods in Bilingualism and Multilingualism (with Melissa Moyer, 2008), Handbook of Multilingualism and Multilingual Communication (with Peter Auer, 2007), Contemporary Applied Linguistics (with Vivian Cook, 2009), The Bilingualism Reader (2000 & 2007), and The Routledge Applied Linguistics Reader (2011). He is Principal Editor of the International Journal of Bilingualism.

Brandon C. Loudermilk is a Ph.D. candidate in Linguistics at the University of California, Davis. He is a neuro- and psycholinguist with a focus on sociolinguistic cognition. Brandon is completing a dissertation that uses the methods and insights of cognitive neuroscience and psychology to explore the cognitive architecture and neural underpinnings of dialectal variation perception.

Christine Mallinson is Associate Professor of Language, Literacy and Culture at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County. Her publications include Understanding English Language Variation in U.S. Schools (with Anne Charity Hudley, 2011) and Data Collection in Sociolinguistics: Methods and Applications (ed. with Becky Childs and Gerard Van Herk, forthcoming).

Gregory Matoesian is a Professor in the Department of Criminology, Law and Justice at the University of Illinois at Chicago. He studies verbal and visual conduct, culture and identity in legal contexts. He is the author of Reproducing Rape: Domination Through Talk in the Courtroom and Law and the Language of Identity: Discourse in the William Kennedy Smith Rape Trial.

Christopher Mcall is Professor of Sociology at the University of Montreal. He is scientific director of the Montreal Centre for Research on Social Inequality and Discrimination (CREMIS) and specializes in the areas of social inequality, alternative citizenship practices and the history of social thought.

Melanie Metzger is Professor and Chair of the Department of Interpretation at Gallaudet University where she also serves as director of the Interpretation and Translation Research Center. She is an interpreter practitioner and educator, and her research focuses on ASL discourse and sociolinguistic examinations of interpreted interaction.

Miriam Meyerhoff is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Auckland. Her research is on language variation, especially in creole speech communities, and often relating to gender ideologies.

Raymond Mougeon is Professor of French Linguistics at York University, Toronto. His research deals with sociolinguistic variation in Canadian French (p. xvii) with a special focus on L1 and L2 adolescent speech in a school setting. He is the author of twelve volumes and numerous journal articles and book chapters.

Naomi Nagy is Assistant Professor of Linguistics at the University of Toronto. She investigates language variation and change, particularly contact effects, in heritage languages in Toronto (Cantonese, Korean, Italian, Russian, Ukrainian, and the endangered Francoprovençal dialect of Faeto), New England dialects, and Montreal Anglophones. See her publications at

Aneta Pavlenko is Professor of TESOL/Applied Linguistics at Temple University (Philadelphia, USA). Her research examines the relationship between language, emotions, and cognition in bilingualism and second language acquisition as well as language management in post-Soviet countries. She won the 2006 BAAL Book Prize and the 2009 TESOL Award for Distinguished Research.

Kim Potowski is Associate Professor of Hispanic linguistics at the University of Illinois at Chicago. Her publications include Language and Identity in a Dual Immersion School (2007), Language Diversity in the USA (ed., 2010) and Bilingual Youth: Spanish in English-Speaking Societies (ed. with Jason Rothman 2011). She is currently studying Spanish dialect contact, including the linguistic features of mixed ethnicity Latinos.

David Quinto-Pozos is a member of the Linguistics Department at the University of Texas at Austin. His research interests include language contact between sign languages, register variation, the interaction of language and gesture, and signed language interpretation. With respect to child language, he also examines developmental signed language disorders as exhibited by deaf children who are native signers of ASL.

Martin Reisigl is Professor of German Linguistics at the University of Bern, Switzerland. His publications include The Discursive Construction of National Identity, 2nd ed. (with Ruth Wodak et al. 2009), Nationale Rhetorik in Fest- und Gedenkreden (2007), and Discourse and Discrimination. Rhetorics of Racism and Antisemitism (with Ruth Wodak 2001).

Thomas Ricento is Professor and Research Chair in English as an Additional Language at the University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada. He is founding co-editor of the Journal of Language, Identity and Education (Routledge) and has published widely in the field of language policy and language and ideology. His books include An Introduction to Language Policy (2006) and Ideology, Politics and Language Policies: Focus on English (2000).

Suzanne Romaine is Merton Professor of English Language at the University of Oxford. She has published numerous books and articles on linguistic diversity, multilingualism, language death, change and contact. Her book Vanishing Voices: The Extinction of the World’s Languages, coauthored with Daniel Nettle, won the British Association for Applied Linguistics Book of the Year Prize in 2001.

Cynthia Roy is Professor in the Department of Interpretation at Gallaudet University, Washington, DC. Her doctorate is in sociolinguistics from Georgetown (p. xviii) University and her research focuses on discourse analysis and sociolinguistic examinations of interpreted interaction.

Eric Russell Webb is Associate Professor at the University of California, Davis, where he is affiliated with the Department of French & Italian and the Linguistics Graduate Group. His research looks at phonological issues in French- and Dutch-lexifier Creoles. He is the author of numerous articles and book chapters.

Gillian Sankoff is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Pennsylvania. Her early research focused on multilingualism and creolization in Papua New Guinea; later work dealt with language variation and change in Canadian French. Her current research centers on the relationship between historical change in language, and language change across the lifespans of individuals.

Adam Schembri is Associate Professor and Director of both the National Institute for Deaf Studies and Sign Language and the Centre for Research on Language Diversity at La Trobe University in Melbourne, Australia. He published work on the lexicon, grammar and sociolinguistics of Australian Sign Language and British Sign Language.

Scott Schwenter is Associate Professor of Hispanic Linguistics at The Ohio State University. He has published widely on pragmatics and grammatical variation, and their intersection, in Spanish and Portuguese. His publications include Pragmatics of Conditional Marking (1999), and numerous journal articles.

Paul Seedhouse is Professor of Educational and Applied Linguistics at Newcastle University, UK. His 2004 monograph The Interactional Architecture of the Language Classroom won the Modern Languages Association of America Mildenberger Prize. He currently has a grant to build a digital kitchen, which teaches users French language and cuisine simultaneously.

Janet S. Shibamoto-Smith is Professor of Anthropology at the University of California, Davis. She is a specialist in Japanese language, society, and culture, with an emphasis on the interaction between ideology and practice. Publications include Japanese Women’s Language (1985) and the edited volume Japanese Language, Gender, and Ideology (with Shigeko Okamoto, 2004).

James A. Walker is Associate Professor in Linguistics at York University (Toronto). He has worked on linguistic variation in African American English, Canadian English, and Caribbean English. He is the author of Variation in Linguistic Systems (2010) and the editor of Aspect in Grammatical Variation (2010).

Karen Ann Watson-Gegeo is Professor of Language, Literacy and Culture in the School of Education, University of California, Davis. Her work is on first and second language socialization, language policy and indigenous epistemology, in Hawai’i and Kwara’ae (Solomon Islands).

Walt Wolfram is William C. Friday Distinguished University Professor at North Carolina State University, where he also directs the North Carolina (p. xix) Language and Life Project. He has authored or coauthored more than 20 books and 300 articles, and has served as President of the Linguistic Society of America and the American Dialect Society.

Qing Zhang is Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the University of Arizona. Her research deals with language variation and change in the context of socioeconomic transformation in China. She is currently writing a book manuscript on the emergence of “cosmopolitan Mandarin” in the construction of a new Chinese middle class.

(p. xx)