Abstract and Keywords
The history of the development of ethnomethodology and Conversation Analysis (CA) may be found in Heritage (1984). The principal originator of CA was Harvey Sacks. His most important idea was that there is “order at all points” in interaction—that talk in interaction is systematically organized, and deeply ordered and methodical. This chapter explains why CA methodology proceeds as it does and why it is a suitable methodology for sociolinguists to use. The applicability of CA to sociolinguistics is limited to the study of naturally occurring spoken interaction. Its perspective on interaction, as social action that is expressed by means of linguistic forms in a developing sequence, is in general very compatible with sociolinguistic approaches. Its current stage of growth is marked by linguistic and cultural diversity, and by multimodality.
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