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date: 22 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article examines the history of Japanese ecocriticism. It explains that while the association between literature and nature is so deeply imprinted in the Japanese mind, environmentally oriented literary criticism did not exist in Japan until it was imported from the United States in the middle of the 1990s. It discusses the shift in Japan’s academic landscape of literary environmentalism and describes the three major phases in the emergence of Japanese ecocriticism. These include the introduction of the literary movement from the early 1990s to 2000, the development of a comparative approach in the 2000s, and the cross-fertilization between ecocriticism and Japanese literary studies in the late 2000s to the present.

Keywords: Japanese ecocriticism, literature and nature, literary criticism, United States, literary environmentalism, comparative approach

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