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date: 21 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Ethical issues are at the core of psychology, both as a science and a profession. By virtue of the subject, psychologists are often dealing with sensitive topics and their words and deeds can exert a profound influence on individuals, organizations, and societies. It is, thus, not surprising that the development of ethical standards and regulations for psychological research and practice has long been given considerable attention by psychological organizations on both the national and international levels. This is clearly documented by the recent development of two unifying ethical frameworks: the Universal Declaration of Ethical Principles for Psychologists by the International Union of Psychological Science and International Association of Applied Psychology (Ad Hoc Joint Committee, 2008) and the Meta-Code of Ethics by the European Federation of Psychologists’ Associations (1995). However, the professional life of psychologists around the world is still dominated by sometimes very different economic, social, historical, and political factors, which often lend a very distinct flavor to the practices of resolving ethical issues in a given country. In the present chapter, the development of psychological ethics in modern Russia will be analyzed with special emphasis on the ideological, societal, and economic forces that have shaped Russian psychology during the last three decades. We will also present the Ethics Code adopted by the Russian Psychological Society (2004) and try to explain some of its features in the context of these influences.

Keywords: Russia, Soviet Union, transition, market economy, ethics, psychology, science, ethics code

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