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date: 27 September 2020

Abstract and Keywords

In this chapter, a review is provided of the efforts and methods used by professions, from the time of the ancient world to the present, to articulate their ethical principles and values to guide members of the professions. The evolution of the concepts of respect for persons, doing good and avoiding harm, truth-telling, and responsibility to society are traced across time, cultures, and professions. The purpose and role of ethics codes also are described, demonstrating the influence of culture, politics, and historical events. In addition, the history (since the mid-20th century ce) of the development of modern-day codes of ethics for psychologists is outlined, including the possible impact of the Universal Declaration of Ethical Principles for Psychologists on this development.

Keywords: history of ethics codes, Universal Declaration of Ethical Principles for Psychologists, ethical standards, ethical principles, Meta-Code

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