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date: 18 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter summarizes career counseling with diverse, and often marginalized, adult populations and reviews career development and adjustment theories and their application to practice. Diagnostic schemes for vocational problems and expectations for career counseling are reviewed in the context of client characteristics. Career counseling criteria, outcomes, and process components are discussed along with an overview of the integration of career and personal counseling. The section on current trends focuses on the use of career intervention with the unemployed, domestic violence survivors, ex-offenders, people with mental illness, immigrant and migrant populations, military veterans, individuals with physical disabilities, older adults transititoning to retirement, and adults in educational settings. Strength based and relational interventions, executive and career coaching, therapeutic assessment, behavioral intervention technologies, and the expanding role of career counseling in workplace and corporate settings also are summarized.

Keywords: career counseling, adults, career development, adjustment theory, counseling

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