- Introducing Cognitive Linguistics
- Embodiment and Experientialism
- Construal and Perspectivization
- Entrenchment, Salience, and Basic Levels
- Polysemy, Prototypes, and Radial Categories
- Frames, Idealized Cognitive Models, and Domains
- Image Schemas
- Attention Phenomena
- Force Dynamics
- Spatial Semantics
- Mental Spaces
- Conceptual Integration
- Cognitive Grammar
- Construction Grammar
- Word Grammar
- Cognitive Linguistics and Functional Linguistics
- Cognitive Linguistics and Autonomous Linguistics
- Cognitive Linguistics and the History of Linguistics
- Inflectional Morphology
- Nominal Classification
- Idioms and Formulaic Language
- Relational Constructions in Cognitive Linguistics
- Clause Structure and Transitivity
- Tense and Aspect
- Grammatical Voice in Cognitive Grammar
- Modality in Cognitive Linguistics
- Pronominal Anaphora
- Discourse and Text Structure
- Diachronic Linguistics
- Lexical Variation and Change
- Cognitive Linguistics and Linguistic Relativity
- Cognitive Linguistics and Anthropological Linguistics
- Cognitive Linguistics and Linguistic Typology
- Cognitive Linguistics and First Language Acquisition
- Signed Languages
- Cognitive Linguistics and Applied Linguistics
- Cognitive Linguistic Approaches to Literary Studies: State of the Art in Cognitive Poetics
- Cognitive Linguistics and Cultural Studies
- Cognitive Linguistics, Ideology, and Critical Discourse Analysis
- Cognitive Linguistics and Philosophy
- Cognitive Linguistics, Psychology, and Cognitive Science
Abstract and Keywords
Language and cultural theory, as developed in pre-cognitive linguistics and anthropology, has a long tradition, beginning with Wilhelm von Humboldt and drastically reshaped by Ferdinand de Saussure. Humboldt argues that the relationship between thought and language is bidirectional rather than unidirectional and assumes mutual correspondences between culture and language. In contrast, Saussure, the father of modern linguistics, sees language not as a mere form of thought, but as a self-contained system with its own organization and classification of “content.” Although cognitive linguistics generally does not subscribe to linguistic relativity, it clearly sticks with the Humboldtian conception of the relation between thought, language, and culture, which is laid down in a number of cognitive models, or rather cultural models. This article discusses various cultural models and their mental locus, opposes universal and culture-specific aspects in cultural models, and challenges two models of deixis (corporeal deixis and environmental deixis). Finally, it examines cultural variation and shows how radically different cultural models can be created in one language, that is, English as a world language.
René Dirven (PhD 1971) is emeritus professor of English linguistics at the University of Duisburg, Germany. He set up the Linguistic Agency—first at the University of Trier and from 1985 at the University of Duisburg (LAUD)—organizing annual linguistic symposia and publishing linguistic preprints. As professor emeritus, he continues his research and work in international projects and organizations such as LAUD (Preprint series and symposia at the Universities of Duisburg-Essen and Koblenz-Landau), Languages in Contact and Conflict in Africa, and the International Association of Cognitive Linguists (president from 1995 to 1997). He initiated and edited the collective volume Cognitive Exploration of Language and Linguistics (1998, 2004), which offers cognitive introductions to language and linguistics and has appeared in eight European languages and Korean. He coauthored Cognitive English Grammar (with Gunter Radden, 2006). He initiated and is working on the annual expansions of two electronic bibliographies: METBIB, on metaphor, metonymy, and other figurative conceptualization (2005), and COGBIB, on Cognitive Linguistics (2006).
Hans-Georg Wolf (PhD 1994, Dr habil. 2001) is associate professor in the English Department and coordinator of the Program in Language and Communication at the University of Hong Kong. He has published a book on English in Cameroon (2001) and one on The Folk Model of the 'Internal Self' in Light of the Contemporary View of Metaphor: The Self as Subject and Object (1994). His research interests include sociolinguistics, Cognitive Linguistics, corpus linguistics, and pragmatics, and he tries to weave them into a coherent whole in his studies of cultural variation in second language varieties of English. Hans-Georg Wolf can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Frank Polzenhagen (PhD 2005) is a member of a research and dictionary project on West African English in progress at Humboldt University Berlin, where he earned his doctorate. His PhD thesis explores cultural conceptualizations in West African English. In his work, he seeks to combine the cognitive linguistic approach with concepts from anthropological linguistics and with corpus-linguistic methods and to apply this framework to the study of what has been termed 'New Englishes' in sociolinguistics. His further research interests include Critical Discourse Analysis, metaphor theory, intercultural communication, and verb morphology. Frank Polzenhagen can be reached at email@example.com.
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