- Oxford Library of Psychology
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editors
- Toward Bridging Gaps: Finding Commonality between Evolutionary and Comparative Psychology
- Why Behaviorism Isn't Satanism
- Confronting Language, Representation, and Belief: A Limited Defense of Mental Continuity
- Evolved Cognitive Adaptations
- Convergent Evolution of Cognition in Corvids, Apes and Other Animals
- Social Complexity and Intelligence
- Cephalopod Intelligence
- Cold-Blooded Cognition: Reptilian Cognitive Abilities
- Cetacean Cognitive Specializations
- Socio-Cognitive Specializations in Nonhuman Primates: Evidence from Gestural Communication
- The Evolution of Canine Cognition
- Episodic Memory and Planning
- Comparative Mental Time Travel: Is There a Cognitive Divide between Humans and Animals in Episodic Memory and Planning?
- Animal Models of Human Cognition
- Metacognition across Species
- Symbolic Communication in the Grey Parrot
- Communication in Nonhuman Primates
- Female Preference Functions Provide a Window into Cognition, the Evolution of Communication, and Speciation in Plant-Feeding Insects
- Apes and the Evolution of Language: Taking Stock of 40 Years of Research
- The Phylogeny and Ontogeny of Prosocial Behavior
- The Ontogeny and Phylogeny of Cooperation
- Culture and the Evolution of Human Sociality
- The Evolution of Morality: Which Aspects of Human Moral Concerns Are Shared With Nonhuman Primates?
- The Evolutionary and Comparative Psychology of Social Learning and Culture
- Cognitive Imitation: Insights into the Development and Evolution of Social Learning
- The Ecology and Evolution of Social Behavior and Cognition in Primates
- The Evolution of a Cooperative Social Mind
- Darwin, Tinbergen, and the Evolution of Comparative Cognition
- Comparative Evolutionary Psychology: A United Discipline for the Study of Evolved Traits
Abstract and Keywords
Cephalopod intelligence has similarities and differences from that of vertebrates. Both groups have paired lens-type eyes and a sophisticated vestibular system. Cephalopods have a lateral line mechano-reception system, like that of fish, and chemical sensing. The motor systems are quite different, as cephalopods have jet propulsion by the flexible mantle and lateral fins. For grasping, they have many sucker-equipped arms and two flexible tentacles. A hydrostatic skeletal system gives many degrees of freedom of arm movement, but its brain monitoring is unknown. Both groups have paired lateral brain lobes, and cephalopods have two storage areas for learned visual and chemotactile information. Cephalopods are solitary but can play, have personalities, and may have a simple form of consciousness. They have a unique visual skin display system for camouflage and communication with conspecifics. This offers an interesting comparison and contrast to vertebrates as a model for the development of intelligence.
Jennifer A. Mather, Department of Psychology, University of Lethbridge, Canada.
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