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date: 06 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter investigates the reasons why weight-loss maintenance is difficult and explores what is known about factors that contribute to successful weight-loss maintenance. The challenge is even greater with weight-loss maintenance while the goal during weight loss is to produce some degree of negative energy balance. The energy gap for weight-loss maintenance provides an estimate of the degree of behavior change required to maintain a given weight loss. The hope for successful long-term weight-loss maintenance comes with the second aspect of body-weight regulation that is unique to humans. Exercise may play a role in appetite regulation during weight-loss maintenance. Physical activity may be a key component of weight-loss maintenance not only because it serves to increase energy expenditure, but also because of a potential beneficial impact on appetite and energy-balance regulation.

Keywords: weight-loss maintenance, energy balance, body weight, exercise, physical activity, energy expenditure, appetite

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