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date: 10 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter determines the relevant theory and frameworks of community interventions, and also summarizes several examples of implementation. It then investigates the avenues for sustainability, and the methodological challenges for evaluation and analysis, concentrating on community interventions as a coordinated set of actions in community settings that involve more than one agency or institution. Community interventions seem better suited for primary and secondary prevention than for targeted treatment. Pathways and Shape Up Somerville in the United States, Be Active Eat Well in Australia, and the Fleurbaix and Lavantie studies in France are among the few known research trials that have applied multiple intervention strategies at multiple levels with the goal of preventing undesirable weight gain in children. Socioecological models and systems theory are just two approaches that can help researchers and practitioners conceptualize interventions.

Keywords: community interventions, Pathways, Shape Up Somerville, Be Active, Eat Well, Fleurbaix, Lavantie, weight gain

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