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date: 21 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

We distinguish normal human creativity from the originative nature of genuine innovation using the orders of hierarchical complexity. These account for why major scientific innovators are rare. The four postformal orders of hierarchical complexity are presented in terms of scientific tasks performed at each stage. Historical scientific innovations at the highest orders are empirically scored. Innovators’ personality traits are scored, indicating metasystematic stage 12 is a minimum requirement. Global needs to produce more scientific innovators require institutional changes of the metasystematic order of hierarchical complexity.

Keywords: creativity, cross-paradigmatic, fractal, innovation, metasystematic, paradigmatic, personality traits, postformal, Spherical Standing Wave Structure of Matter in Space, systematic, scientific

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