- For our wives
- Introduction: Why Study Jewish Ethics?
- Jewish Ethical Theories
- Ethical Theory and Practice in the Hebrew Bible
- Ethical Theories in Rabbinic Literature
- Ethical Theories in Jewish Mystical Writings
- Ethical Theories among Medieval Jewish Philosophers
- Spinoza and Jewish Ethics
- Mussar Ethics and Other Nineteenth-Century Jewish Ethical Theories
- Ethical Theories of Hermann Cohen, Franz Rosenzweig, and Martin Buber
- Ethical Theories of Mordecai Kaplan and Abraham Joshua Heschel
- Ethical Theories of Abraham Isaac Kook and Joseph B. Soloveitchik
- Ethical Implications of the Holocaust
- Ethical Theories in the Reform Movement
- Ethical Theories in the Conservative Movement
- Ethical Theories in the Orthodox Movement
- Ethical Theories in the Reconstructionist Movement
- Feminist Jewish Ethical Theories
- Postmodern Jewish Ethical Theories
- Topics in Jewish Morals
- Jewish Bioethics: The Beginning of Life
- Jewish Bioethics: The End of Life
- Jewish Bioethics: The Distribution of Health Care
- Jewish Bioethics: Current and Future Issues in Genetics
- Jewish Business Ethics
- Jewish Sexual Ethics
- Jewish Environmental Ethics: Intertwining Adam with Adamah
- Jewish Animal Ethics
- Jewish Ethics of Speech
- Jewish Political Ethics in America
- Jewish Political Ethics in Israel
- Judaism and Criminal Justice
- Jewish Ethics and War
- BIBLICAL SOURCES: RABBINIC AND SELECTED MEDIEVAL CITATIONS
- SUBJECT INDEX
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter focuses on the thoughts of the early twentieth-century German Jewish thinkers Hermann Cohen, Franz Rosenzweig, and Martin Buber. These three German scholars, writing in the decades surrounding World War I, were both attracted to and repulsed by modernity. On the one hand, the modern drive toward nationalism inspired their commitment to Jews and Judaism, and so each plumbed the Jewish textual tradition to ground their ethical theories. Yet the destructiveness caused by self-centeredness led each man to promote an ethic that attended to others. The chapter explores this turn to others and otherness—a turn that oriented much subsequent Jewish ethical theorizing.
Jonathan K. Crane is the Raymond F. Schinazi Junior Scholar in Bioethics and Jewish Thought at the Center for Ethics at Emory University. He holds degrees from these institutions: AB in International Relations from Wheaton College (Norton, MA), MA in International Peace Studies from the University of Notre Dame (Indiana), MPhil in Gandhian Thought from Gujarat Vidyapith (Ahmedabad, India), MA in Hebrew Literature and Rabbinic Ordination from Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion (New York), and PhD in Religion from the University of Toronto (Ontario, Canada). He has presented at conferences and taught around the world on themes relating to Judaism and ethics, bioethics, theology, social and political ethics, warfare ethics, interfaith relations, and Gandhian philosophy. Recent publications can be found in The Journal of Law and Religion, AJS Review, The Journal of Religious Ethics, Theology & Sexuality, CCAR Journal, The Review of Rabbinic Judaism, Anasakti Darshan, The Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics. He serves on the Executive Board of the Society of Jewish Ethics and the Editorial Board of the The Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics.
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