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date: 10 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Use of psychoactive substances is both common during adolescence and highly associated with acute and chronic health risks. Routine health care provides an opportunity to provide a range of interventions—from primary prevention to assisting adolescents with substance use disorders in accessing treatment. In particular, primary care offers a unique opportunity to intervene with adolescents who have developed substance use problems but do not meet criteria or are unwilling to enter specific treatment for a substance use disorder, and thus provide a level of service for adolescents who would otherwise likely receive no intervention. This chapter reviews the evidence base for primary care interventions and explores the role for primary care providers.

Keywords: screening, brief intervention, alcohol, marijuana, office-based intervention, brief advice, motivational intervention

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