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date: 10 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter reviews research on alternative facets of behavioral undercontrol (e.g., disinhibition, impulsivity, sensation seeking) represented across rich and diverse literatures such as temperament, personality, childhood disorders, adolescent deviance, externalizing behaviors, and clinical disorders (e.g., substance abuse disorders, antisocial personality disorder). Research in the behavior genetic literature has focused on the identification of a common underlying general liability factor for behavioral undercontrol (or disinhibition) that is largely, but not exclusively, influenced by genetic variation. Research from other areas of study, including genomics and neuroscience, have identified some specificity of relationships between particular genes and neural circuits with different facets of behavioral undercontrol. A more integrative approach to the study of behavioral undercontrol is suggested that includes both general and specific factors within a multilevel, developmentally focused framework of behavioral, cognitive, and affective self-regulation.

Keywords: behavioral undercontrol, disinhibition, impulsivity, sensation seeking, substance use, externalizing behavior, childhood disorder, self-regulation

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