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date: 22 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Sentence processing requires rapid integration of information over a short period of time. Models of language processing suggest that syntactic, semantic, and phonological detail must be accessed and coordinated within milliseconds to successfully produce or understand sentences. Exactly how this is accomplished and what neural mechanisms are engaged in real time to carry out these processes is not completely understood. Research examining the neural mechanisms associated with sentence processing elucidates a left hemisphere network involving both anterior and posterior brain regions, although studies show that the right hemisphere is also engaged to some extent. This chapter discusses what is known about the neural systems involved in sentence production and comprehension. Two bodies of research are discussed: neurolinguistic evidence derived from lesion-deficit studies with brain-damaged people, and neuroimaging research examining the neural correlates of sentence processing in healthy individuals.

Keywords: sentence processing, neuroimaging, syntax, neuroimaging, neurolinguistics

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