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date: 02 December 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter considers the consequences of bilingualism for planning speech in each of the bilingual’s two languages. Two accounts are contrasted of bilingual language production that make different assumptions about why bilinguals are slower to speak the L2 and sometimes also slower to speak the L1 compared with monolingual speakers. The frequency-lag hypothesis assumes that bilinguals have fewer opportunities to speak each of their languages relative to monolinguals. In contrast, the competition for production model assumes that the parallel activation of the bilingual’s two languages creates competition that requires resolution to allow the intended language to be spoken. Evidence for each of these alternatives is reviewed and how the process of language selection in production may relate to the consequences of bilingualism that have been reported for domain-general cognitive processes is considered.

Keywords: bilingualism, lexical production, language selection, inhibitory control

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