Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 20 January 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Epidemiological studies have reported varying rates of personality pathology; some report similar overall rates among men and women, while others have found slightly higher rates of personality disorders (PDs) in men. Only antisocial PD has consistently shown large gender differences, with men showing a lifetime rate of approximately 5%, while women show a rate of approximately 1%. Gender differences in PDs seem to reflect gender differences in normal personality traits, where men tend to score higher on traits such as assertiveness and excitement seeking, while women score higher on traits such as anxiousness, depression, vulnerability, and warmth. Psychometric studies have found some evidence of systematic gender bias in the diagnostic criteria for DSM-IV-TR PDs, and this area requires more extensive investigation. More evidence is also needed regarding the differential impact of PDs on the social functioning of men and women.

Keywords: gender, sex, personality disorders, personality, social adjustment, course, treatment response

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.