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date: 18 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article explores the work performed on Greek and Roman technology in recent decades. It then addresses how technology has come to be perceived as an integral component of the society and economy of the classical world. The academic study of sources and evidence for Greek and Roman technology has made excellent progress in recent years. It is hardly surprising that technological determinism became a feature of the period between the two world wars of the twentieth century. Ethnography has enhanced the significance of the material world and artifacts. For several centuries archaeologists have approached material culture through the classification of collections. Alongside ethnographic and contextual studies of technology, reflection about the nature of change has stimulated the exploration of evolutionary ideas. The Loss of Innocence is described. Key terms such as discovery, invention, and innovation are specifically discussed before further approaches to technology are examined.

Keywords: Greek technology, Roman technology, technological determinism, ethnography, material culture, Loss of Innocence, historiography

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