Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 18 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Glassmaking and glassworking coexisted as two separate crafts throughout antiquity. The division into primary workshops for making the glass and secondary workshops for working and shaping it affected not only the structure of the glass industry, but also early theories about the nature of glass. Glass is the earliest man-made, artificial material. In antiquity, the process of making glass from basic ingredients involved two or more stages, each requiring a different furnace. A salient difference between ancient and modern glassworking is the limited use of molten glass in antiquity. Colored and colorless glasses are described. It is suggested that several important discoveries regarding the properties of glass and the development of new glassworking techniques originated in Greece. Techniques for glass pottery include mold-pressing, double mold-pressing, rotary pressing, winding, sagging, tooling, and free shaping. Furthermore, a discussion on glassblowing tools and equipment, and mold-blowing is presented.

Keywords: glassmaking, glassworking, colored glass, colorless glass, Greece, glass pottery, pressing, glassblowing, winding, sagging

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.