Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 22 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The methods of cognitive neuroscience, notably functional neuroimaging and cognitive neuropsychology, are becoming increasingly important in efforts to understand the processes responsible for human higher cognition. Given the complexity of human thinking and reasoning, it is frequently the case that multiple theories can explain behavioral results. By utilizing the constraint of neural plausibility, some of these possibilities can be eliminated. These tools are thus beginning to help us to understand how thinking and reasoning actually occur in the brain. In this chapter we discuss a number of the techniques most frequently used to investigate higher cognition, including cognitive neuropsychology, scalp electroencephalography (EEG), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). We briefly survey a number of examples of how these techniques have contributed to our understanding of higher cognition, particularly the functions of the human prefrontal cortex.

Keywords: neuropsychology, neuroimaging, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fmri), electrophysiology, event-related potentials (erps), prefrontal cortex

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.