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date: 20 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter discusses the impact of aging on judgment and decision making, problem solving, reasoning, induction, memory, and metacognition, as well as the influence of expertise, training, and wisdom. In addition, the chapter presents theories of cognitive aging and addresses the ways in which changing goals (such as emotional goals) in old age can alter the processes and outcomes associated with cognitive operations. There is a wealth of research documenting age-related cognitive declines and impairments in areas such as decision making, reasoning, problem solving, category learning, and memory. However, in addition to addressing the potential difficulties older adults may experience when performing demanding cognitive operations, this chapter also examines certain situations and variables that have been shown to lessen or ameliorate age-related differences in performance. Lastly, the impact of training, expertise, and wisdom are discussed as they relate to successful cognitive aging.

Keywords: aging, cognitive aging, decision making, memory, metacognition, problem solving, reasoning, inductive learning, training, expertise, wisdom

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