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date: 12 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Children's thinking is of broad relevance to the study of thinking and reasoning, because it provides insight into fundamental issues concerning the building blocks of cognition, the role of experience, and how conceptual change comes about. The present chapter reviews four main aspects of children's thinking: (1) developmental changes, and how best to characterize such changes; (2) early cognitive capacities in infancy and early childhood, and the methodological tools that reveal these capacities; (3) causal reasoning and naive theories in childhood; and (4) the ways in which children are prepared to learn from the actions and testimony of others. The chapter ends with open questions and directions for future research.

Keywords: children, thinking, causal reasoning, naive theories, testimony, development, piaget

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