Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 22 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Normative theories of how people should reason have been central to the development of the cognitive science of thinking and reasoning, both as standards against which how thought is assessed and as sources of hypotheses about how thought might operate. This chapter sketches three particularly important types of normative system: logic, probability, and rational choice theory, stressing that these can each be viewed as providing consistency conditions on thought. From the perspective of understanding thought, logic can be viewed as providing consistency conditions on beliefs; probability provides consistency conditions on degrees of beliefs; and rational choice provides consistency conditions on choices. Limitations of current normative approaches are discussed. Throughout this chapter, we provide pointers concerning how these ideas link with the empirical study of thinking and reasoning, as described in this book.

Keywords: logic, probability, rational choice, decision theory, consistency, normative explanation

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.