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date: 18 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

There was science in antiquity. Science requires only that: the world we observe exists and is knowable; moreover, we can share knowledge about the world; and finally, there is a way that the world is, and it is both meaningful and possible to say that some models of the world, or reports about the world, better represent that way than do others. It is no more anachronistic to employ our term “science” than other modern terms (“book,” “city,” “food,” “school”) for a corresponding ancient category or practice. This volume includes what was validly science for ancient practitioners and theorists: attempts to understand how the natural world worked and to construct models to convey those understandings. Those who accept as scientific a geocentric cosmos populated by living beings constituted of humors must likewise accept stellar influences and material transmutation. This volume humbly takes the ancient ideas for what they are and studies them as a system that changed and grew over time.

Keywords: alchemy, Aristotle, astrology, astronomy, canon, Epicurus, mathematics, models, Plato, science

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