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date: 19 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The chapter treats the three chief medical sects, or schools, of the Hellenistic period, the schools founded by Herophilus, and by Erasistratus, and the Empiricists. The anatomical research of Herophilus and Erasistratus remained an exceptional case throughout antiquity because of the use they made of dissection. The Library fostered the growing production and circulation of books and conferred importance to written communication. That, plus the debates and controversies aroused by the many scientists and practitioners in the same city, promoted the formation of groups of physicians and students, united by a doctrine and by confidence in a teacher. Herophilus and Erasistratus opened schools in their homes, and Philinus, a defector from the Herophilus’ school, founded the Empiricist sect.

Keywords: anatomy, arteries, Empiricists, Erasistratus, Herophilus, Library of Alexandria, Philinus, phlebotomy, physiology, pulse, Praxagoras, veins

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