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date: 14 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The chapter studies the medicine of ancient India, from the Vedic (Indo-European) period, ca 1500–500 bce, and later. The orthodox Vedic texts record scattered medical lore. Some of the medical ideas within the Vedas are as follows: The causes of diseases are mostly due to external supernatural forces. Therapy primarily involves magical procedures in which the chanting of mantras is essential. Several kinds of breath (prāṇa) circulate in the human body to maintain it.

Keywords: Āyurveda, breath, Caraka-saṃhitā, dissection, doṣa, internal medicine, surgery, Suśruta-saṃhitā

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