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date: 15 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The contribution of the Byzantine medical encyclopedists (ca 370 ce–ca 650 ce) to the preservation of medical knowledge still awaits its full scholarly assessment. This chapter highlights the achievements of Oribasius of Pergamum, Aëtius of Amida, Alexander of Tralleis, and Paul of Aegina. In the shadow of Galen’s legacy, these writers preserve, organize, and explicate the diverse body of medical knowledge, available to them. Relying on Galen but also on medical writers from the sixth century bce onwards, Oribasius composes his Compilations as a comprehensive source of medical authority. Aëtius produces a collection of 16 books covering the full medical spectrum from pharmacology to diagnostics to pathology. To it, Alexander adds a collection of 12 books, entitled Therapeutics, with corollary treatises On Fevers and On Intestinal Worms. Paul compiles the Epitome of Medicine, featuring all medical branches.

Keywords: Aëtius of Amida, Alexander of Tralles, Galen, Oribasius of Pergamum, Paul of Aegina

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