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date: 26 June 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The chapters delineates the content of the ancient science of determining someone’s innate character on the basis of their outward, and hence observable, bodily features. Greek culture tended to assume that correspondence between body and character was no accident. Likewise, the practice of attributing character traits associated with a particular animal species to a person based on similarities in their physique was first formalized in physiognomy, but was already widely used in a nontechnical way in ancient literature. The chapter focuses on physiognomy as a formalized and technical discipline.

Keywords: Adamantius, Aristotle, Galen, Hippocrates, Polemon, Pythagoras, Socrates

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