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date: 05 April 2020

(p. 577) Index

(p. 577) Index

Note: Page numbers followed by “f ” and “t” refer to figures and tables, respectively.

A
abuse, 422
Academy of Neurologic Communication Disorders and Science, 107
acceptability, 562
acceptance, 36
chronic pain and, 308–10
EC and, 61
as personality attribute, 73
acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), 226
chronic pain and, 308–9
efficacy of, 228
Acceptance of Disability Scale (ADS), 56
accessibility, 562
to assistive technology, 566
framework, 564
health policy and, 563–64
hierarchy and, 563
accountable care organizations (ACOs), 512, 516–17
accreditation, 16
Action for Disability, 25
action planning, 136–37, 500
activities of daily living (ADL), 57, 190
GDS and, 197
limitations in, 464
activity behaviors, 421
activity levels, 137
activity limitation, 557
Activity Measure for Post-Acute Care (AM-PAC), 104
actors, 40–41
acute care model, 514–15
adaptation models, 49–54
adaptive tasks, 50
adherence
collaborative care and, 407
diabetes treatment, 395–98
enhancing, 397–98
to exercise, 345
goal planning and, 137–38
strategies, 533–35
adjusted rates, 91
adjustment, 6, 421
to amputation, 352–54
to caregiving, 223–24
emotional, 242–43
factors, amputation, 356–58
optimal, 37
resilience and, 475, 479–80
to transplantation, 379–83
adjustment psychotherapy, 6
Adjustment to Misfortune: A Problem of Social-Psychological Rehabilitation (Dembo, Leviton, & Wright), 18
Adjustment to Physical Handicap and Illness (Barker, Wright, B., & Gonick), 12, 12t, 18–19
Adler, Dan L., 18
adults, self-management and, 501
advocacy, 6
disability rights, 144
networking and, 567–69
primary care, 519
self-management, 506–7
Afghanistan War, 280–81
African Americans, 549
African Decade for Persons with Disabilities, 559
African Network for Evidence to Action on Disability (AfriNEAD), 568–69
African Policy on Disability & Development (A-PODD), 567–68, 568f
alcohol abuse
cirrhosis and, 373
geriatric rehabilitation and, 202
pre-transplant evaluation and, 374–75
SCI and, 286
Alzheimer's disease (AD), 194
ambulation, CP and, 178
American Academy for Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine (AACPDM), 107
American Academy of Neurology (AAN), 107, 258
American Academy of Rheumatology, 439
American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation (AACVPR), 326–28, 340
American Board of Professional Psychology (ABPP), 444
American Board of Rehabilitation Psychology (ABRP), 18, 420–21, 420t, 428–29
American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine (ACRM), 17–18, 99, 281–83
American Geriatric Society, 199
American Heart Association, 340
American Psychological Association (APA), 12, 17–18
Division of International Psychology, 445
(p. 578) Ethics Code, 444–45
Leadership Conference on Internalizing Psychology Education, 444–45
Multicultural Guidelines, 445
Task Force, 109
Update on Health Care Reform, 432
American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA), 287–88
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 19, 148, 424, 458
American Thoracic Society (ATS), 324
amputation, 307
adjustment factors, 356–58
adjustment to, 352–54
assessments, 358
body image and, 355
cause of, 352
CBT and, 310, 360
coping and, 357, 360
distress and, 354–55
epidemiology of, 351–52
ICF and, 362
interdisciplinary teams and, 358–59
IPT and, 360
levels of, 352
medication and, 360–61
pain and, 353–54
pain management and, 361
patient-centered rehabilitation and, 359
peer interactions and, 359
positive psychology and, 356
prevalence of, 351–52
psychological adjustment to, 354
psychotherapy and, 360
self-management and, 359–60
self-management programs, 499t
sexual function and, 356
social impact of, 355–56
well-being and, 357
Amputee Body Image Scale, 358
Amputee Coalition of American, 359
AMSTAR, 258
Anderson, Normal, 432
Angina Plan, 342
anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), 300
antibiotic resistance, 108
antidepressants, 301, 401–2
anxiety
amputation distress and, 355
body image, 355
CBT and, 329–30
chronic pain and, 301–2
COPD and, 322
diabetes and, 404
Goldstein and, 274
internalizing of, 176
management, 243
measures of, 72
medications and, 217
MS and, 217
partner, 339–40
post-transplantation, 379
PR and, 323
prevalence of, 77n3
sensitivity, 303
stroke and, 238
apathy treatments, 266
aphasia, 107
applied behavior analysis, 256
appraisal coping, 53
Appraisal of Diabetes, 408
appraisals, 41–42, 135–36
Appraisals of Disability: Primary and Secondary Scale (ADAPSS), 290
Architectural Barriers Act of 1968, 458
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 100
Arthritis Self-Management Course (ASMC), 536
Asia Pacific Disability Rehabilitation Journal (APDRJ), 25–26
Assessment of Competency Benchmark Work Group, 443
assessments. See also Needs Assessment Checklist; needs assessments
academic, 182–83
amputation, 358
body image, 358
brief batteries, 195–97
chronic pain, 310–12
of cognitive impairment, 214–15
depression, 197
diabetes and, 407–8
geriatric rehabilitation and, 192–97
holistic, 132
knowledge, 428
level of function, 253–56
lifestyle behavior and, 529–30
morbidity, 327
outcomes, 326
pain, 182, 310–12
pre-transplant, 372–75
in PRPs, 327
self-management and, 503–4
of sensory impairment, 195
short screen, 193–95
skills, 428
of TBI, 252–57
tools, 133
training, 427–28
values, 428
VR, 460t
assistive technology (AT), 20, 150–51, 422–23, 566
Association of Psychology Postdoctoral and Internship Center (APPIC), 18, 442–43
associations, 93–94
attention, 239, 265
AusAid, 560
Australia, 24–25, 425–26
autogenic training, 306, 346
Autonomous University of Guadalajara, 22
autonomy, 438
avoidance, 309
B
Bamako Call for Action on Research for Health, 560–61
Bangladesh, 455
Bar Ilan University, 23–24
Barker, Roger, 12, 12t, 18–19, 144
barriers to change, 531
Barrow Neurological Institute, 259
Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), 56
Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), 55–56, 289, 311, 408
behavioral activation, 198
behavioral functioning
CIMT and, 183
peer interactions and, 175–76
school and, 179–80
behavioral involvement, 129
behavioral mapping, 131
Behavioral Methods for Chronic Pain and Illness (Fordyce), 34
behavior change
health, 494
long-term, 534–35
models, 531–32
strategies, 532–34
behavior frequencies, 117–18, 118f
behavior modification, 33–35
behavior regulation, 266–67
beneficence, 438
benefit-finding, 222
Ben-Yishay, Yehuda, 276
Berwick, Donald, 108
best practices, 547–48
best research evidence, 257
bias, 93
design, 439
social, 437
BIAS FREE framework, 563
biofeedback, 305–6, 361
(p. 579) biomedical model, 525
biopsychosocial model, 4, 33, 41, 525–26, 537, 574
Birmingham Rehabilitation Uptake Maximisation Study (BRUM), 342
blame, 487
blood glucose, 388, 388t
body composition abnormalities, 325
body image, 355, 358
body mass index (BMI), 340, 400
brain functioning, data-based model of, 37
brain injury, 37. See also traumatic brain injury
principles of treatment for, 277
after World War I, 273–74
after World War II, 274–76
after Yom Kippur War, 276–77
Brain Injury Day Treatment Program, 276–77
Brain Injury Special Interest Group (BI-ISIG), 281
brain tumor self-management programs, 498t
breast cancer self-management programs, 498t
brief batteries, 195–97
Brief Pain Inventory (BPI), 311
Brief Resiliency Scale (BRS), 484
British Association for Cardiac Rehabilitation (BACR), 340
British Journal of Psychiatry, 480–81
British Medical Association, 516
British Medical Journal, 110
British Psychological Society, 22, 445–46
British Society of Rehabilitation Medicine (BSRM), 129
Bronfenbrenner, Urie, 144
Bruckner, Bernard, 34
burden of illness, 52
burns, 481
Butler, Chris, 504, 533
C
caloric restriction (CR), 527–28
Canada, 21, 425–26
Canadian Council of Professional Psychology Programs, 443
Canadian Psychological Association (CPA), 18
cancer
breast, 498t
DC and, 63
EC and, 61–62
features of, 55
liver, 370
personality attributes and, 67
salutary attributes and, 67–68
social support and, 65
TSD of, 58–60
cardinal symptom model, 514–15, 520
cardiovascular disease (CVD), 526, 529
cardiovascular rehabilitation
cognitive responses to, 339
dietary intake and, 344–45
distance, 341–42
distress reduction in, 343–44
education-based, 340–41
exercise and, 345
goals of, 337
home-based, 347
models of, 340–43
outcomes of, 343–46
preventing disease progression in, 345–46
problem-focused/behavioral, 340–41
risk behavior and, 344–46
SCC and, 344
symptom control in, 344
targeting interventions in, 342–43
caregiver adjustment, 223–25
caregiver burden, 164
CP and, 180
interventions, 166
MS and, 223–24
caregiving
activities, 223
adjustment to, 223–24
cost of, 161
cultural issues in, 162–63
demographics of, 161
expectations of, 163
financial support for, 161–62
interventions, 164–66
interventions, for MS, 226–27
for MS, 223–25
stress, 164
technology and, 166–67
Caregiving Tasks in MS Scale (CTiMSS), 223
CareOregon, 111
carve-out programs, 516
case-control studies, 92–93
case management, 165
catastrophizing, 360, 481
catecholamines, 437
causality, 94
celeration charts, 115–18
Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression scale (CES-D), 56, 327
Center for Medicare Services (CMS), 280
Center for Rehabilitation in Brain Injury, 259
Center of Medicare and Medicaid Innovation (CMI), 517–18, 518t
centers for independent living (CIL), 147–48
central nervous system (CNS)
chronic pain subtypes and, 299
learning theory and, 34
MS and, 211
central sensitization, 300
cerebral palsy (CP), 178
caregiver burden and, 180
learning and, 180–82
QOL and, 179
school and, 178–79
cerebral vascular accident (CVA), 282
certified vocational evaluators, 21
Charter for Rights and Freedom, 21
children, 171–72. See also young people
burns and, 481
CP and, 178–79
models for chronic health conditions in, 173–74
MS and, 213
pain assessments for, 182
peer difficulties with, 177–78
peer interactions and, 174–78
resilience in, 476–77
school and, 178–83
self-management and, 500–501
children with special health care needs (CSHCN), 172–73
cholesterol, 529
Christie, Ronald V., 330
chronic care model (CCM), 531
chronic conditions, 172
models for, 173–74
parent-reported, 173t
(p. 580) prevalence of, 512
school and, 178–83
services, 514–15
Chronic Disease Self-Management Program (CDSMP), 226, 496, 536
chronic illness, 172
lifestyle behaviors and, 526
post-transplantation, 377
self-management of, 341, 493
chronic illnesses and disabilities (CID), 47–48
adaptation to CID model of, 51–52
age of onset of, 56–57
community participation and, 57–58
crisis and coping model of, 50–51
DC and, 53–54, 62–63
EC and, 60–62
ecological models of adaptation to, 49–54
empirical findings in, 54–56
functionality with, 57–58
gender and, 56
health-related outcomes of, 50f
II and, 52–53
interactive models of adaptation to, 49
interventions for, 75–77
PA to, 47–48, 52f
pendular models of adaptation to, 49
personality attributes and, 66–67
predicting PA in, 54–56, 71–73
psychosocial predictors of PA to, 60–61
salutary attributes and, 67–68
severity of, 57–58, 77n1
shifting perspectives model of, 49
social support and, 64–66, 76
sociodemographic predictors of PA to, 56–60
theoretical models of PA to, 48–54
TSI of, 58–60
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), 320
aftercare, 331–32
CBT and, 329–30
cognitive functioning and, 323–24
cognitive training and, 331
collaborative care and, 332
definition of, 321–22
lung transplant and, 371
panic and, 330
psychosocial impact of, 322–23
QOL and, 323–24
RCTs, 328–32
relaxation therapy and, 330–31
support groups, 331–32
systemic consequences of, 322
chronic pain, 298–99. See also pain
acceptance-based approaches to, 308–10
ACT and, 308–9
anxiety and, 301–2
assessments, 310–12
behavior paradigms for, 303–4
biofeedback and, 305–6
CBT and, 304–5, 481
clinical care challenges in, 438
clinical correlates of, 300–303
depression and, 300–301
EBP and, 312
hypnosis and, 307–8
marginalization, 438
MDT for, 312–13
mindfulness and, 308–10
pathophysiology, 299–300
RCTs of, 304–5
relaxation response and, 306–7
resilience and, 481–82
SCI and, 286–87
subtypes, 299–300
treatment approaches in, 303–10
Chronic Respiratory Disease Questionnaire (CRQ), 326, 331
Cicerone, Keith, 98
cirrhosis, 373
civil rights, 147
classical conditioning, 34
Cleveland Rehabilitation Center, 11
client-centered planning, 468
client-directed outcome-informed (CDOI) service delivery, 110
client involvement, 132
clinical care challenges, 437–38
clinical equipoise, 439
clinical health psychologists, 4
Clinical Vocational Rehabilitation Act, 11
Cochrane Collaboration, 97–99
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 257–58
cognitive appraisals, 50, 220
cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), 38–41, 266, 421
acceptance-based approach to, 310
amputation and, 310, 360
anxiety and, 329–30
chronic pain and, 304–5, 481
CID interventions and, 75
cognitive restructuring in, 487
COPD and, 329–30
depression and, 198, 329–30, 401–2
diabetes and, 404–5
MS and, 225–26
pain in older adults and, 199–200
SCI and, 293
self-management theory and, 493–94
third-wave, 228–29
cognitive coping therapy (CCT), 75–76
cognitive decline, 191–92
cognitive functioning
COPD and, 323–24
geriatric rehabilitation and, 191–92
prosthetic rehabilitation and, 353
school and, 180–82
seizure variables and, 176–77
cognitive impairments, 421
assessments of, 214–15
in COPD, 324
ESLD and, 373
MS and, 213–15
TBI and, 264–66
cognitive-linguistic therapies, 282
cognitive model of stress and coping, 135
cognitive orthoses, 421–22
cognitive rehabilitation, 215, 421–22
evidence-based, 281–83
holistic, 99–100
learning theory and, 35
for stroke, 244
TBI, 117f
Cognitive Rehabilitation Task Force, 281
cognitive remediation, 6
cognitive restructuring, 487, 500, 534
cognitive stimulation, 202
cohort studies, 92
collaborative care
COPD and, 332
diabetes and, 407–8
training, 427
collaborative discussion, 130
coma, 250–51
Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities (CARF), 128–29, 277–78
Committee on Disability, 96
Common Data Element project, 94–95
common data elements (CDEs), 104
common-sense model (CSM), 495
communication
collaborative care and, 408
confidentiality in, 375
decentralized, 434
disorders, 264–65
face-to-face, 436
inaccessibility, 152
interdisciplinary, 132
internet-based, 436
PCP and, 131
self-monitoring and, 500
community-based health services, 150–52, 150f
community-based participatory research (CBPR), 146
community-based rehabilitation (CBR), 544, 557
cognitive rehabilitation and, 421–22
definition of, 455
guidelines, 561, 561f
practice, 146
research, 146
staff skills, 568f
(p. 581) Community-Based Rehabilitation matrix, 145
community-based services, 146–55
community citizenship, 454–56
community development, 145–46
community participation, 143–44
CID and, 57–58
rehabilitation psychology and, 144–46
community psychologists, 145
community rehabilitation psychologist (CRP), 143–44
CIL and, 148
community-based health services and, 152
school transitions and, 154
VR and, 149–50
Community Reintegration Summit, 456
comorbidity, 190
compensatory skills building, 6
competence, 443, 445–46
global, 447–48
levels of self-management, 505t
as protective factor, 476
competencies, 443
benchmark model of, 448
cross-border, 445
cultural, 162
foundational, 443
functional, 443
practitioner, 419–21, 420t
professional, 441–48
regional mobility agreements and, 446t
Competencies Conference, 442–43
competent caring, 447
complementary medicine, 151
complex adaptive rehabilitation (CAR), 112–18
complex adaptive systems (CAS), 98, 110–12
complex health interventions (CHIs), 99
complexity science, 110–12
complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), 307
comprehensive-holistic interventions, 267, 282–83
Comprehensive System for Personnel Development (CSPD), 459
Computerized Adaptive Testing (CAT), 102, 104
computers, 283
condition severity, 57
Conference on Postdoctoral Training in Professional Psychology, 17
Conference on Psychology and Rehabilitation, 12–14, 13t, 14t
confidentiality, 375
conflict avoidance, 433
confounding, 93, 97
confusion, 201–2, 239
congenital heart disease, 371
Connor-Davidson Resiliency Scale (CD-RISC), 484
constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT), 34, 173
consultation, 6
consumer sovereignty, 147
content knowledge, 569–70
context knowledge, 569–70
contextual factors, 173–74
contingency management, 200, 266
Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI), 98, 109
contusions, 250
Cooperative Extension Service (CES), 536
coordination, 521
coping. See also disengagement coping; engagement coping
amputation and, 357, 360
appraisal, 53
cognitive model of, 135
efforts, 493
individual, 421
models, 493
with MS, 219–22, 221f
planning, 136–37, 293
as protective factor, 476
resilience and, 479–80
resources, 135–36, 220–22
with SCI, 288
coping effectiveness training (CET), 40, 75–76, 292–93
coping strategies, 50–51
adaptive, 488
categories of, 55
depression and, 216
emotion-focused, 70, 220
maladaptive, 488
meaning-focused, 220
PA and, 68–70
problem-focused, 220
CORDAID, 25
CORE measures system, 110
Core Sets, 105
coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), 342
coronary heart disease (CHD), 527
cortisol, 399
cost containment, 97–98, 521
Cost Reimbursement (CR) program, 463
Council on Rehabilitation Education, 16
counseling, 165–66
genetic, 435–36
multicultural, 548, 550
rehabilitation, 12, 15–18
stroke interventions and, 242–43
vocational, 14–15
VR, 460t
Craig Handicap Assessment and Reporting Technique (CHART), 58
crisis and coping model of CID, 50–51
cross-sectional studies, 92
crude rates, 91
crying, pathological, 215–16
cultural appropriation, 547
cultural competency, 162
cultural diversity, 549–50. See also diversity
cultural foundations, 546–47
cultural-historical psychology, 274
cultural influences, 544–46
cultural issues, 25
attitudes towards disability and, 454
caregiving and, 162–63
chronic health conditions and, 172
diversity and, 440–41
professional competency and, 444–45
training and, 429
culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds, 394–95, 546, 550
cultural safety, 547
cultural sensitivity, 547
culture, 543, 545–46
Current Population Survey (CPS), 464
cycles of failure, 488
cystic fibrosis, 371
D
Darwin, Charles, 144
DASH Eating Plan, 528
data. See also common data elements
characteristics, 115t
collection systems, 100
Core Sets, 104–5
demographic, 94
sources, 94–95
survey, 423–26
universal design, 120
databases, 115–16, 258–59
(p. 582) DAWN study, 393–94, 408
Decade for People with Disabilities, 558–59
decision-making
clinical, 433–34
data-laden, 449
goal setting and, 132
patient involvement in, 130
planning, 504
religion and, 441
surrogate, 436–37
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), 281
deinstitutionalization movement, 466
Dembo, Tamara, 18–19, 36
dementia
frontotemporal, 196–97
MIS and, 194
in older adults, 191–92
screening, 192
Dementia Rating Scale-2 (DRS-2), 196–97
demographics, 94, 161, 189
demoralization, 402–4
denial, 63, 71
Department of Agriculture (USDA), 528
Department of Defense (DoD), 280–81
Department of Education, 152
Department of Health and Human Services, 371
Department of Labor (DOL), 459
depression
assessments, 197
CBT and, 198, 329–30, 401–2
chronic pain and, 300–301
COPD and, 322
demoralization and, 402–4
diabetes and, 398–401, 400f
diathesis-stress model of, 301
functional dependence and, 191
HbA1c and, 400–401
heart disease and, 400f
internalizing of, 176
interventions, 197–99
measures of, 72
MI and, 339
as moderator, 399–400
MS and, 216–17
nonadherence and, 397
in older adults, 191
outcomes and, 400–401
overview of, 399
partner, 339–40
post-transplantation, 379
prevalence of, 77n3
as risk factor, 399
SCC and, 323
SCI and, 289
self-efficacy and, 485
stroke and, 237–38
treatment of, 401–2
TSI and, 60
Depression Anxiety Stress Scale 21, 408
determinants, 88
developing countries, 455
Developmental Disability Bill of Rights of 1975, 458
diabetes, 55, 387–90
anxiety and, 404
assessments and, 407–8
in CALD backgrounds, 395
CBT and, 404–5
collaborative care and, 407–8
complications of, 389–90
demoralization and, 402–4
depression and, 398–401, 400f
diagnostic indications, 388t
distress and, 402–4
eating disorders and, 404
emotional care for, 391–92
engagement and, 392
health service delivery factors, 393–94
interpersonal resources and, 392–93
managing, 390–98
matching services for, 393
mental health and, 398–404
multidisciplinary care for, 393–94
nonadherence, 395–97
in older adults, 395
optimal management of, 390–93, 391f
relationship with health professionals and, 393
resilience and, 482–83
self-management programs, 498t
treatment adherence, 395–98
treatment of depression and, 401–2
type 1, 389
type 2, 389, 396, 526–27
WPM and, 405–7
young people and, 394
Diabetes Education and Self-Management of Ongoing and Newly Diagnosed (DESMOND), 401, 403
Diabetes Prevention Program, 535
Diabetes Problem-Solving Inventory (DPSI), 504
diabetic neuropathy, 390
diagnosis-related group (DRG), 279–80
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR), 20, 72–73
diathesis-stress model, 301, 303
didactics, 39
Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 528
dietary intake
calorically balanced, 527–28
cardiovascular rehabilitation and, 344–45
excessive, 526–27
measurements, 530
differential item functioning (DIF), 104
differential reinforcement of other (DRO) behavior, 35
Diller, Leonard, 276
disabilities
abuse and, 422
acceptance of, 36
adjustment following, 37
attitudes towards, 454
causes of, 418–19, 495
concepts of, 5f
consequences of, 495
culture and, 545–46
curability of, 495
definition of, 190
ecology of, 144–45, 145f
ethics and, 422
global health and, 554–55
health policy, 457–58
impairment and, 240
laws, 426–27
learning, 477
models, 556–57
negative perceptions of, 290
physical, 52
poverty and, 558–62
prevalence of, 464
psychological aspects of, 15t
socio-political definition of, 466
timeline of, 495
Disability, CBR, and Inclusive Development, 25–26
disability centrality, 53–54
Disability Program Navigators (DPN), 459
disability rights, 144, 466
disability system, pillars of, 467–68, 467f
disabled peoples organizations (DPOs), 558
disease occurrence, 89–91, 91
disease prevention, through lifestyle behaviors, 527
disease registries, 94
disengagement coping (DC), 55, 60–61
CID and, 53–54, 62–63
measuring, 69
reducing, 76
distress, 53
amputation and, 354–55
consequences of, 338–39
diabetes and, 402–4
longitudinal indicators of, 72
measures of, 72
reduction, 343–44
responding to, 243t
SCI and, 290
stroke and, 237
distribution, 88
diversity, 440–41, 442t, 549–50
Division 22, 12–13, 17–18
Division of Rehabilitation Psychology, 17
Dix, Dorothea, 11
(p. 583) domain control, 53
double blinding, 98
drug company sponsorship, 439
Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA), 438
Duflo, Esther, 283–84
durable medical equipment (DME), 155
durable power of attorney, 437
dynamic model, 41–42
dyspnea, 321–22, 330–31
dysvascularity, 352
eating disorders, 404
E
EBSCO, 21
ecological models, 49–54, 92, 144–45, 145f
economic concerns, 574–75
ECRI Institute, 97–98
education, 152–54. See also special education services
availability of, 455
cardiovascular rehabilitation, 340–41
competency model of, 443–44
for CSHCN, 172
goal planning, 139–40
needs assessments, 139–40
pressure ulcers and, 287–88
rehabilitation psychology, 417–18
self-management, 325–26, 501–2
stroke interventions and, 244
Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975, 458
electroencephalogram neurofeedback training, 308
electromyography (EMG), 305–6
electronic health records (EHR), 20, 517, 521
Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act (EMTALA), 438
emergency rooms (ERs), 438
emotional adjustment, 242–43
emotional care, 242t, 391–92
emotional disorders, 267
emotional functioning
COPD and, 322
peer interactions and, 175–76
positive, 487
emotional venting/expression, 62–63
employment, 148–50
caregiving and, 161
compulsory, 457
customized, 463–64
disparities, 454
initiatives, 463–64
issues, 464
job placement assistance and, 459–61, 460t, 462
job training programs and, 458–59
on-the-job supports, 459–61, 460t
outcomes, 464–65
participation rates, 464
programs, 458
services, 460t461t
social role of, 454–55
social value of, 468
in US, 457–58
employment network (EN) agencies, 463
empowerment, 147, 468
end-stage liver disease (ESLD), 370, 373
end-stage renal disease (ESRD), 369
engagement, 392
engagement coping (EC), 55, 60–62, 69
ENRICHD study, 344, 346
environment
functioning training, 426–27
measurements of, 118
modification, 215
orthoses, 422
self-regulation and, 494
stimulation, 202
epidemiology
of amputation, 351–52
analytic, 89
data sources, 94–95
definition of, 88–89
descriptive, 89
sources of error in, 90–91
studies, 91–93
of TBI, 249–50
epilepsy, 174–75
peer interactions and, 175–76
seizure variables and, 176–77
self-management programs, 498t
social functioning with, 175
EquiFrame, 563–64
EquitAble, 564
errorless learning, 244
errors, 90–91, 434
ethical issues
clinical care, 437–38
diversity and, 440–41, 442t
in health care, 433–38
informed consent and, 439–40
professional competency and, 441–48
in research, 438–40
technology and, 434–36
in transplantation, 375–77
ethics
codes, 444–45
committees, 434
consultation team, 434
disability and, 422
universal, 448
Europe, 22–23
European Agency for Development in Special Needs Education, 153
European Agency Transition from School to Employment Report, 153
European Certificate in Psychology (EuroPsy), 23, 446
European Federation of Neurological Societies (EFNS), 99–100
European Federation of Psychologists’ Associations (EFPA), 22–23
European Respiratory Society (ERS), 324
evidence
base, 96–97
best research, 257
hierarchy, 98–100
levels of, 257
evidence-based practice (EBP), 97–98, 113–14
chronic pain and, 312
in cognitive rehabilitation, 281–83
psychotherapy quality improvement and, 109–10
resources, 258–59
self-management and, 493
steps in, 258
TBI and, 257–59
values-based practice and, 441
evolution, 119
executive functioning, 192
interventions, 265–66
strategies, 244t
stroke and, 239
exercise, 304, 324–25
adherence to, 345
benefits of, 528–29
cardiovascular rehabilitation and, 345
diabetes management and, 391
Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS), 58
expert patient, 492
Expert Patient Programme (EPP), 129, 496
external compensations, 282
(p. 584) Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND), 327
faith, 487
families, 166
amputation adjustment and, 357
CP and, 180
cultural competency and, 162
diabetes management and, 392–93
environmental functioning training and, 427
MS and, 224
older adults and, 201
of organ donors, 384
as protective factor, 486
relationship history in, 163
SCI and, 294
Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), 161
Family Resources Survey (FRS), 172
fatigue, 323–24
fear, pain-related, 301–2
fear-avoidance, 302, 304
Federal Employee's Compensation Act (FECA), 11
Federal Worker's Compensation program, 457
Fess-Smith Civilian Vocational Rehabilitation Act, 457–58
Florian, Victor, 24
focus groups, 164
FOME, 195
Food and Drug Administration (FDA), 434
forced expiratory volume (FEV), 321
forced vital capacity (FVC), 321
Fordyce, Wilbert E., 34
four family strengths model, 549
frailty, 190–91, 502
frontotemporal dementia (FTD), 196–97
functional deficits, 52, 290
functional dependence, 191
Functional Independence Measure (FIM), 102–3, 279–80
functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), 308, 435
functioning, levels of, 495–96
Fun in the Sun Camp, 227
gate control theory, 199, 299
Geisenger Health Systems, 514–15
gender, 56
general adaptation syndrome (GAS), 493
General Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7), 327
General Common Data Element Standards, 95
General Practitioners Assessment of Cognition (GPCOG), 194
genetic counseling, 435–36
Georgetown University Hospital, 370
Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), 197, 327
geriatric rehabilitation, 189–91
alcohol abuse and, 202
assessments and, 192–97
cognitive function and, 191–92
depression interventions and, 197–99
Germany, 23, 457, 513
Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), 250–51
Glasgow Outcome Scale, 251–52
global health, 554–55
challenges, 562–64
process, context, and content in, 569–70
public health and, 555–56
Global Health Workforce Alliance, 564–65
Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD), 324
Global Lower Extremity Amputation Study Group, 351–52
glucose tolerance test (GTT), 388
glycemic control, 389, 396
goal attainment scaling (GAS), 105, 138–39, 257
goal management training (GMT), 139
goal planning, 131–33, 500
education, 139–40
effectiveness of, 137–38
problem-solving and, 136–37
goal setting
as behavior change strategy, 534
collaborative, 130
emotion-driven, 132
formalization of, 134–35
older adults and, 200–201
SCI, 135f
specificity of, 134
TBI and, 256–57
unified framework for, 140–41
Goldman Consensus Group, 216–17
Goldstein, Kurt, 273–74
Gonick, Mollie, 12, 12t, 18–19
Gordon, Wayne, 98
Gould, Stephen Jay, 119
government services, 154–55
graduate programs, 16–18
grief, 237, 475
Group Health, 514–15
group therapy, 504
guided imagery, 306–7
Guttman, Ludwig, 22
H
habilitation services, 566
Hanfmann, Eugenia, 18
HbA1c. See hemoglobin A1c
Head-2-Work program, 262
health, 235, 525
behavior change, 494
inclusive, 557
health action process approach (HAPA), 40–41
Health Behavior Change: A Guide for Practitioners (Rollnick, Mason, & Butler), 504
health belief model, 494
health care
coordinated, 514–15
costs, 513–14
ethical challenges in, 433–38
financial crisis, 278–80
legislation trends, 515–16
models, 513–14
primary care, 519–21
psychology in, 432
quality improvement in, 108–9
reimbursement, 143
spending, 512–13
Health Care Commission (HCC), 515
Health Care Maintenance programs, 279
health care professionals (HCPs), 433
migration, 565
relationship with, 393
self-management and, 504–6
health care psychology, 19–20
health consumers, 520–21
health crises, 564–67
Health Home Initiative, 518
health knowledge, 530
health locus of control (HLOC), 66–67, 76
health maintenance, 151
Health Maintenance Organizations (HMOs), 279
health policy, 457–58, 511–13, 563–64, 563f
(p. 585) health promotion, 151–52, 537
health psychologists, 4
health-related outcomes, 50f, 51
health service delivery factors, 393–94
Healthy People 2020, 146
heart disease, 4, 400f
heart failure, 371
Heart Manual, 341–42
heart transplant (HT), 370–71
hemiparesis, 112
hemodialysis, 372
hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), 388, 483
depression and, 400–401
levels, 390–91
hepatitis C, 370
hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), 370
heuristics, 437
Hill, Austin Bradford, 94
“Hill's Criteria for Causation” (Hill), 94
HIV/AIDS, 4, 480, 558, 561
Hohmann, George, 288
holistic interventions, 266–67
home-base care initiative, 518
hope, 487
hopelessness, 403
Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), 56, 358, 408
hospitalization, 477
stroke and, 236–37
time of, 129
human resources, 557, 564–67
humor, 487
Hvidore study group, 393–94
hyperglycemia, 388, 401
hypnosis, 307–8, 361
hypothesis-testing model, 37–38
I
ICF-CY, 173–74
identity, 495
IFN. See interferon
illness behavior, 240, 407
illness intrusiveness (II), 52–53, 218
imagery, 306–7
immigration, 545–46
immune system, 219
immunosuppressive drugs, 380
ImpactBC, 109
IMPACT Learning and Innovation Communities, 108–9
impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), 388–89
impairments, 138, 240, 557
implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), 338, 342–43
implementation intention training, 345
improvised explosive devices (IEDs), 280
Ince, Lawrence, 34
incidence, 89–90
annual, 89
cumulative, 90
density, 90
rate ratio, 93
inclusive health, 557
Independence at Home Medical Practice Demonstration, 518
Independent Living Movement, 12–13
independent living services, 147
individualized education programs (IEPs), 153
individual plans for employment (IPEs), 149
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), 153
industrial organization psychology, 132
information, 165
information and referral services, 461t
informed consent, 439–40
infrastructure, 467
initiation deficits, 35
Initiative on Methods, Measurement, and Pain Assessment in Clinical Trials (IMMPACT), 311–12
injuries. See also brain injury
blast, 280
closed, 250
diffuse axonal, 250
open, 250
prevalence of, 419
warfare, 280
Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI), 108–9
Institute of Medicine (IOM), 96, 110–11
instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), 190, 464
insulin resistance, 389
insurance, 278–79, 513–14
value-based, 518–19
integrity, 447
intenders, 40–41
intention-behavior gap, 345
interactive models of adaptation, 49
interdisciplinary teams, 132
amputation and, 358–59
clinical decision-making and, 433–34
interferon (IFN), 213, 216
internalizing disorders, 266
internal locus of control (ILOC), 66
International Association for the Study of Pain, 298
International Association of Applied Psychology, 447
International Brain Injury Association, 21
International Classification of Diseases, 20, 555
International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF), 5, 20, 33, 249, 495–96, 495f
amputation and, 362
checklist, 253
Core Sets, 105
employment outcomes and, 464–65
Medicare and, 279
pediatric, 173–74
perceived difference and, 545
reliance on, 72–73
structure of, 254f
TBI and, 255t
International Classification of Impairment, Disability and Handicap, 144
International Diabetes Federation, 399
international health, 555–56
International Labour Organization (ILO), 152–53, 455, 558
International SCI Data Standards and Data Sets, 94–95
International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation Registry, 380
International Union of Psychological Science, 445, 447
internet
communication, 436
self-management and, 502
support groups and, 167
internships, 17, 424
interpersonal dynamics, 434
interpersonal resources, 392–93
interpersonal therapy (IPT), 198–99, 360
interpreter services, 461t
interventions
ABCs of, 6
academic, 182–83
amputation, 359–61
attention, 265
behavioral, 6
behavior regulation, 266–67
best practices in, 547–48
for caregiver burden, 166
caregiving, 164–66
for CID, 75–77
(p. 586) complex health, 99
comprehensive-holistic, 267
computer-based, 283
depression, 197–99
emotional disorders, 267
executive function, 265–66
holistic, 266–67
language, 264–65
learning theory and, 34
lifestyle, 530–31
memory, 265
for MS, 225–26
MS caregiver, 226–27
organizational, 241
in PR, 326
praxis, 264
problem-solving, 38–39
in PRPs, 326–28
psychoeducational, 166
for SCI, 292–94
self-awareness, 266
for stroke, 240–45
targeting, 342–43
visuospatial, 264
weight-loss, 532
interviews, 163–64, 381
An Introduction to the Vocational Rehabilitation Process (McGowan & Porter), 12
Iraq War, 280–81
Ireland, 22
ischemic heart disease, 4
Israel, 23–24
issue-specific family counseling model (ICFM), 177–78
item response therapy (IRT), 104
J
James, William, 288
Japan, 24
job placement assistance, 459–61, 460t, 462
job training programs, 458–59
Journal of Rehabilitation Psychology, 23
K
Kaiser Permanente, 514–15
Katz, Shlomo, 24
Kazan Psychoanalytic Association, 274–75
kidneys, 369–70, 372
Kojima-Cassels, Yoko, 24
Kravetz, Shlomo, 24
Kuhn, Herb, 280
Kurtzke Expanded Disability Status Scale, 212–13
Labby, David, 111
Ladieu, Gloria, 18
language
CP and, 181
deficits, 282
interventions, 264–65
laughing, pathological, 215–16
laws, 426–27. See also legislation
social inclusion, 465–66
learned nonuse, 34, 422
learning
CP and, 180–82
disabilities, 477
errorless, 244
Pavlovian, 300
theory, 33–35, 266
LEARN Institute for Lifestyle Management, 532
left ventricular assist device (LVAD), 371, 434
legislation trends, 515–16
length of stay, 278
leprosy, 25, 561
lesions, 211
Leviton, Gloria, 18
Lewin, Kurt, 12, 18, 49
Lewinian field theory, 36
Lezak, Muriel, 5–6
life-expectancy, 4
Life Satisfaction Inventory (LSI), 56
Life Satisfaction Survey (LSS), 56
Life Situation Questionnaire, 56
Lifespan Respite Care Act, 161–62
Life Stress Monitoring Program, 342
lifestyle behaviors, 526
assessments and, 529–30
clinical implications of, 537
disease prevention through, 527
research, 536–37
sedentary, 527
limb activation, 283
literacy services, 460t
livers, 369f, 370
Lives of a Cell (Thomas), 275
Living Well with a Disability, 497
locus of control (LOC), 66–67, 76, 240
Lofquist, Lloyd, 12
long-term potentiation (LTP), 300
Lorig, Kate, 496
low-density lipoprotein (LDL), 388
lung transplant, 371
Luria, Alexander, 37–38, 274–75
M
magical thinking, 381
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), 211
maintenance services, 461t
major affective disorder (MDD), 435
maladaptive cognitions, 302
malaria, 561
Malec, James, 98
malpractice litigation, 434
managed care, 19–20
The Man with a Shattered World (Luria, Solotaroff, & Sacks), 275
marriage, 291
Mason, Pip, 504
master's degree programs, 425
mastery, sense of, 476, 478–79
Mayo Clinic, 514–15
Mayo Older Adult Normative Study (MOANS), 196
Mayo Older African American Normative Studies (MOAANS), 196
McGovern, Robert, 6
McGowan, John, 12
McMaster University, 388
meaning-making, 222, 357
measurements
anxiety, 72
behavioral, 117–18
challenges, 102–5
of DC, 69
depression, 72
dietary intake, 530
of employment outcomes, 464–65
of environment, 118
levels, 253
outcome, 97
of physical activity, 530
of resilience, 484
scalable focus, 113
selection, 103
sensitivity, 102–3
Measure of End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) score, 372
Meat, Eggs, Dairy, Frying foods, In baked goods, Convenience foods, Table fats, and Snacks (MEDFICTS), 530
Meat, Egg yolks, Dairy, Invisible fat, Cooking/table fats, Snacks (MEDICS), 530
Medicaid, 511, 516–18
Medicaid Global Payment System Demonstration Project, 517
medical care model, 520
medical compliance, 374
(p. 587) Medical Research Council, 99
Medicare, 279–80, 511–12
ACOs and, 516
CMI and, 517–18
PAC and, 97
medications
amputation and, 360–61
antidepressant, 401–2
anxiety and, 217
diabetes management, 391
iatrogenic effects of, 216
peer difficulties and, 177–78
meditation, 346
Medline, 55
Medusa and the Snail (Thomas), 275
MELD score, Measure of End–stage Liver Disease score
memory
interventions, 265
SCEDs and, 106
strategies, 244t
stroke and, 239
training, 282
Memory Impairment Screen (MIS), 193–94
mental health
access, 516
diabetes and, 398–404
MS and, 215–16
meta-analyses, 257–58
metabolic syndrome, 399
meta-cognitive strategy training, 266
Mexico, 21–22
migraine headache self-management programs, 499t
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), 559–60
Miller, Neal, 34
Miller, William R., 533
Millon Behavioral Medicine Diagnostic (MBMD), 373
mindfulness, 308–10
mindfulness-based breathing therapy (MBBT), 330–31
mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), 309
The Mind of a Mnemonist: A Little Book About a Vast Memory (Luria, et al), 275
Mini-Cog, 193
Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), 193, 327
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), 376
mirror visual feedback, 307
mission statements, 424
mobility, 445–47
model chronicity, 103
Model for Improvement, 109
models, 32–33. See also specific models
Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), 194–95
Montreal Heart Attack Re-adjustment Trial (M-HART), 343
moral hazard, 518
moral responsibility, 434
morbidity assessments, 327
mortality, 89–90
Motivational Interviewing in Health Care (Rollnick, Miller, W. R., & Butler), 533
MoVIES project, 193
multicultural counseling competency (MCC), 548, 550
multiculturalism, 448
multidisciplinary care, for diabetes, 393–94
multidisciplinary team (MDT), 241, 312–13
Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial (MRFIT), 532
multiple sclerosis (MS)
anxiety and, 217
caregiver burden and, 223–24
caregiver interventions for, 226–27
caregiving for, 223–25
cause of, 212
cognitive appraisal and, 220
cognitive impairment and, 213–15
coping with, 219–22, 221f
course of, 211–12
DC and, 63
depression and, 216–17
EC and, 62
families and, 224
features of, 55
interventions for, 225–26
meaning-making with, 222
mental health and, 215–16
personality attributes and, 67
positive psychology and, 217–18
practical implications regarding, 222–23
prevalence of, 211
prognostics of, 212
psychosocial impacts of, 213
PTSD and, 217
resilience and, 482
resilience models and, 478–79
salutary attributes and, 68
self-management programs, 499t
social support and, 65–66
stress-relapse link of, 218–19
symptoms of, 212–13
treatment of, 213
TSD of, 58–60
Mutual Recognition Agreement, 446–47
myocardial infarction (MI), 337–39
N
National Council of Schools and Program of Professional Psychology (NCSPP), 441–42
National Council on Disability, 466
National Diabetes Self-Management Education Standards Task Force, 390
National Disability Authority (Ireland), 22
National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), 464
National Health Service (NHS), 515, 519
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, 532
National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE), 241–42, 407–8, 515, 515t
National Institute for Disability and Rehabilitation Research, 129
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, 94–95
National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research, 94
National Institutes of Health (NIH), 528
National Latino Psychological Association, 443
National Longitudinal Study-2, 154
National Rehabilitation Counseling Association, 18
National Spinal Injuries Centers (NSIC), 133, 293
National Survey of Children's Health, 173t
National Weight Control Registry (NWCR), 536
natural course, 103–4
Needs Assessment and Goal Planning Programme, 293
Needs Assessment Checklist (NAC), 133–34, 134f
needs assessments, 136
of older adults, 502
NEO Five-Factor Inventory, 483–84
Netherlands, 519
networking, 567–69
neurodevelopmental disorders, 184
neuroimaging, 308
Neurological Assessment (Lezak & Trieschmann), 5–6
neuropsychological rehabilitation, 259–60
neuropsychology, 4, 37–38
never-ending altruistic donor (NEAD) chain, 369–70
New Freedom Commission on Mental Health, 466
New York Heart Association, 370–71
nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), 331
NIDRR Model SCI System Centers, 100
Nigeria, 455
nociception, 299–300
nonadherence, 395–97. See also adherence
Non-Communicating Children's Pain Checklist (NCCPC), 182
noncompliance, 397
nonintenders, 40–41
nonmaleficence, 438
North America, 18–20
Norwegian Psychological Association, 23
NSW Brain Injury Rehabilitation Program, 260–62, 261f
NSW Spinal Cord Injury Service, 478
numeracy, 181
Numeric Rating Scales (NRS), 310–11
Nurses’ Health Study, 527
nursing research, 102
O
obesity, 325, 526
physical inactivity and, 527
TOURS study and, 535–36
object relations theory, 35–36
occupational therapy, 100–101
odds ratio, 93
Office of Disability Employment Policy (ODEP), 463
Office of International Affairs, 445
Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP), 153
Office of Vocational Rehabilitation (OVR), 12–14
OKLAHOMA (Oklahoma Longitudinal Assessment of Health Outcomes in Mature Adults), 196
older adults. See also geriatric rehabilitation
cognitive stimulation for, 202
confusion in, 201–2
dementia in, 191–92
demographics of, 189
depression assessments for, 197
depression in, 191
depression interventions for, 197–99
diabetes in, 395
executive function and, 192
families and, 201
goal setting and, 200–201
growth of, 4
Medicare and, 512
needs assessments of, 502
pain and, 199–200
points of focus for, 199–202
self-management and, 501–2
sleep disorders in, 200
Oliver Zangwill Centre (OZC), 259, 262–63, 276
One-Stop Career Centers, 458–59, 464
on-the-job supports, 459–61, 460t
operant conditioning, 34, 199–200
operant extinction, 114
opportunities, 488
optimism, 68, 71, 487
organ donors, 381, 384
organismic approach, 273
organizational dynamics, 434
organizational skills training, 282
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), 457
Organization of African Unity (OAU), 559
organ procurement organization (OPO), 372
organ transplantation. See transplantation
orthoses, 422
Orthotics and Prosthetics User's Survey (OPUS), 358
Outcome Questionnaire-45 (OQ-45), 110
outcomes, 575
assessments, 326
cardiovascular rehabilitation, 343–46
community participation and, 143–44
cultural diversity in, 549–50
depression and, 400–401
employment, 464–65
expectation, 535
functional, 290
health-related, 50, 50f
individual functional, 146
measures, 97
NAC, 133
TBI, 252
within-group determinants of, 548–49
Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine (CEBM), 257
Ozer, Mark, 105
P
pain. See also chronic pain
acute, 298
amputation and, 353–54
assessments, 182, 310–12
fear and, 301–2
gate control theory of, 199, 299
management, 361
neuropathic, 286–87, 299
nociceptive, 299
older adults and, 199–200
plasticity of, 300
PTSD and, 302–3
severity, 134
undertreated, 437–38
Pamela Youde Nethersol Easton Hospital, 131
panic, 238, 330
participation, 465
behaviors, 421
facilitators, 543
restrictions, 557
Partnership Plus, 463
pathological laughing-crying, 215–16
Patient Assessment of Chronic Illness, 408
patient best interests, 436
patient-centered rehabilitation, 105–8
amputation and, 359
values-based practice and, 441
patient involvement, 129–30
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), 511, 513–16
ACOs and, 516–17
future of, 522
(p. 589) Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS), 104
patient satisfaction, 137, 200–201
patients’ rights, 544
Pavlovian learning, 300
pay for performance, 97–98
payment systems, 279–80, 467, 512–13. See also reimbursement
fee-for-service, 517, 521
third-party, 277
PDSA cycles. See Plan-Do-Study-Act cycles
peer difficulties, 177–78
peer interactions, 174–78, 359
Peer Visitor Program, 359
pendular models of adaptation, 49
Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ-A), 327
perceived difference, 545
perceived personal control, 53
perceptual problems, 239
personal assistant services (PAS), 155, 461t
personality attributes, 66–67, 73–74
personality-linked predictors, 55
personal resources, 50
personal responsibility, 434
person-centered planning (PCP), 129–31
challenges in, 138–40
in hospital-based rehabilitation, 131–40
school transitions and, 154
personnel development, 470n1
phantom limb pain (PLP), 353–54, 361
PhD programs, 425
phenomenological processes, 41–42
Philippine Decade of Persons with Disabilities, 455
phobias, 238–39
physical activity, 527–30
Physical Disability: A Psychological Approach (Wright, B.), 5, 18, 36
physical inactivity, 527
physical medicine, 11
Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) cycles, 109
planned behavior, theory of, 531–32
plaques, 211
policy. See health policy
populations, 418–19
population surveillance, 94
Porter, Thomas, 12
Positive Affect and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS), 56
positive psychology, 36, 217–18, 356
positivity, 487
post-acute care (PAC), 97
post-hypnotic suggestion, 307–8
Post-Stroke Rehabilitation Outcomes Project (PSROP), 100
post-traumatic amnesia (PTA), 262
Post-Traumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI), 56
post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
amputation distress and, 355
MI and, 338
MS and, 217
pain and, 302–3
post-transplantation, 379
risk factors, 288–89
SCI and, 288–89
stroke and, 239
treatment, 382–83
poverty, 453, 558–62
poverty reduction strategy papers (PRSP), 562
power of attorney, 437
practice-based evidence (PBE), 110, 114
practice guidelines, 258
practice options, 258
practice standards, 258
practitioner competencies, 419–21, 420t
pragmatic science, 108
praxis disorders, 264
prediabetes, 388–89
Premack principle, 35
premorbid relationship history, 163
pressure-reliefs, 116f
pressure ulcers, 287
pre-transplant evaluations, 372–75
prevalence, 89–90
Prigatano, George, 277
primary appraisal, 493
primary care, 519–21
Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders (PRIME-MD), 327
Primary Care Trusts (PCTs), 496
primary pulmonary hypertension, 371
Princess of Wales Hospital, 263
PRISMA statement, 258
Problem Area in Diabetes scale, 408
problem orientation, 38–39
problems, 418–19
problem-solving, 38–40
amputation interventions and, 360
as behavior change strategy, 534
goal planning and, 136–37
self-monitoring and, 500
training, 496–97
problem-solving therapy (PST), 39, 282, 494
procedures, 418–19
process knowledge, 569–70
process maps, 138
professional competency, 441–48
Profile of Mood States (POMS), 56, 311
progressive muscle relaxation (PMR), 306, 330
Promoting Amputee Life Skills (PALS), 360
proprioception, 307
Prosthesis Evaluation Questionnaire (PEQ), 358
prosthetic rehabilitation, 353, 362
Prosthetics and Orthotics International, 362
protective factors, 476
family as, 486
maintenance of, 488
possible, 478t
research, 486
risk factors versus, 477–78
psychiatric symptoms, 374–75
PsychInfo, 55
psychoanalytic models, 35–36
Psychological Database for Brain Impairment Treatment Efficacy (PsycBITE), 258–59, 260f
psychological flexibility, 310
psychological services, expansion of, 518
Psychology and Rehabilitation (Wright, B.), 18
psychometric analysis, 134
psychosocial adaptation (PA)
to CID, 47–48, 52f
conceptualization of, 48, 70–71
coping strategies and, 68–70
ecological models of, 49–54
empirical approach to, 48
interactive models of, 49
issues with, 68–74
outcomes of, 70–71
pendular model of, 49
personality attributes and, 66–67, 73–74
predicting, in CID, 54–56, 71–73
psychosocial indicators of, 55–56
psychosocial predictors of, 60–61
sociodemographic predictors of, 56–60
theoretical models of, 48–54
treatment implications of, 75–77
TSI and, 58–60
(p. 590) Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness Scale (PAIS-PD), 56
Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness Scale-Self-Report (PAIS-SR), 327
psychosocial assets, 354
psychosocial factors, 288–92
psychosocial predictors, of PA to CID, 60–61
psychotherapy
adjustment, 6
amputation and, 360
quality improvement in, 109–10
research, 101–2
self-management, 504
public health, 555–56
Public Library of Science (PLoS), 99
pulmonary fibrosis, 371
pulmonary rehabilitation (PR), 320–21
benefits of, 325f
body composition abnormalities and, 325
components of, 324–26
definition of, 324
exercise and, 324–25
interventions in, 326
psychosocial issues in, 323–24
self-management, 325–26, 332
social support and, 332–33
pulmonary rehabilitation programs (PRPs), 321
assessments in, 327
home-based, 332
interventions, 326–28
Q
quality, 467, 562–63
of care, 521
improvement, 108–12, 119
incentives, 516
quality assurance (QA), 445
QualityMetric Incorporated, 104
quality of life (QOL)
adaptation to CID model and, 51
burns and, 481
cognitive impairment and, 214
COPD and, 323–24
CP and, 179
CRP and, 143–44
DC and, 53–54
level of function assessments and, 253
LVAD and, 371
MS and, 213
outcome measures and, 97
post-transplantation, 379–80
SCI and, 289
TSI and, 59
Quality Outcomes Framework, 516
Questionnaire for Persons with a Transfemoral Amputation (Q-TFA), 358
R
Raimy, Victor, 12
randomized controlled trials (RCTs), 96–98, 257, 259, 283
of chronic pain, 304–5
clinical equipoise and, 439
COPD, 328–32
self-management, 360
in treatment of depression, 401–2
Rapid Eating and Activity Assessment for Patients (REAP), 530
Reactions to Impairment and Disability Inventory (RIDI), 56
reader services, 461t
reading disorders, 181–72
real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging (rtfMRI), 306
reasoned action, theory of, 564
reason-inclination-means-receptiveness-effectiveness-follow-up (RIMREF) framework, 564
recall bias, 93
recognition model, 292
recovery locus of control, 240
Recurrent Coronary Prevention Program, 346
referrals, 165, 461t
reflective practice, 408
regional mobility agreements, 446t
registered rehabilitation professionals, 21
rehabilitation. See also specific rehabilitation types
active ingredients of, 101
cognitive, 215
complexity of, 128–29
comprehensive-holistic, 282–83
counseling, 12, 15–18
cultural foundations of, 546–47
cultural influences on, 544
definition of, 248–49
diabetes, 387–88
evidence base for, 96–97
hospital-based, 131–40
interdisciplinary, 132
measurement levels, 253
medicine, 418
neuropsychological, 259–60
nursing, 418
patient-centered, 105–8
person-centered, 129–31
physical, 422
principles of, 12–13
process equation, 6
systems level, 259–63
teams, 422
technology services, 461t
transplantation, 377–78
Rehabilitation Act of 1973, 129, 148, 458–59
rehabilitation psychologists
CIL and, 147–48
community-based health services and, 151–52
school transitions and, 154
VR and, 149
rehabilitation psychology, 15–18, 554
availability of, 562
community participation and, 144–46
conceptualization of, 418–19
definition of, 3–4
education, 417–18
history of, 10–11
identities of, 14–18
issues in, 574–75
pediatric, 171–72, 183–84
practitioner competencies, 419–21
survey data on, 423–26
training, 417–18
VR and, 468–70
workforce demand in, 427
Rehabilitation Psychology, 25
Rehabilitation Services Administration (RSA), 457, 464
Reichenberg, Lourie, 101
reimbursement. See also payment systems
changing methods of, 516–19
health care, 143
individual functional outcomes and, 146
systems, 512–13
relapse prevention, 534
relaxation response, 306–7
relaxation therapy
COPD and, 330–31
pain management and, 361
for preventing disease progression, 346
religion, 440–41
Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS), 196, 373
representation theory, 548
research
caregiver-guided, 163–64
CBR, 146
challenges, 100–102
ethical issues in, 438–40
genetic, 435
informed consent and, 439–40
lifestyle behavior, 536–37
measurement challenges, 102–5
nursing, 102
protective factors, 486
psychotherapy, 101–2
resilience, 475
of resilience in young persons, 476–77
(p. 591) social support, 71
stem cell, 439
training in, 16
residual limb pain (RLP), 353–54
resilience
adjustment and, 475, 479–80
burns and, 481
challenge model of, 478–79
in children, 476–77
chronic pain and, 481–82
compensatory model of, 478–79
coping and, 479–80
definition of, 474–76
diabetes and, 482–83
disability and, 480–84
measures of, 484
models of, 478–79
MS and, 482
positive emotional states and, 487
protective factor model of, 478–79
research, 475
SCI and, 475, 483–84
self-efficacy and, 485
social support and, 485–86
stress and, 480
TBI and, 482
in young people, 476–77
Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA), 484
resistance factors, 354
resource use, 97
respect, 5, 447
respite care, 165
retinopathy, 401
return-to-community planning, 469
risk, 476
behavior, 344–46
reduction, 488
relative, 93
risk factors
amputation adjustment, 354
for cognitive impairment, 214
depression as, 399
possible, 478t
protective factors versus, 477–78
for PTSD, 288–89
risk-resilience model, 549
road traffic accidents, 4
Rogers, Carl, 129
role enhancement, 567
role enlargement, 567
Rollnick, Stephen, 504, 533
RSA-911 Data System, 459, 460t461t
Rusk Institute of Rehabilitation, 276
S
Sacks, Oliver, 275
Saint George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), 326
salutary attributes, 67–68
Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), 56
scalable focus, 113
Scandinavia, 23
scanning training, 282
SCED Scale, 107
school. See also education
academic interventions and, 182–83
chronic conditions and, 178–83
cognitive function and, 180–82
transitions, 152–54
Schultz, Johannes, 306
scientific consensus, 98
SCI-interventions classification system (SCI-ICS), 101
SCI Model System Database, 94
SCIRehab Project, 100
secondary appraisal, 493
secondary complications, 167
seizures, 174, 176–77
selection bias, 93
selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI), 401
self-awareness, 266
self-blaming, 62
self-concept, 73
self-determination, 11–14, 466–67, 468
self-efficacy, 135
CIL and, 147
COPD and, 323
depression and, 485
diabetes management and, 392, 394
diabetes treatment adherence and, 395–98
goal planning and, 131
health belief model and, 494
long-term behavior change and, 535
as protective factor, 476
resilience and, 485
SCI and, 288
self-management and, 500
social cognitive theory and, 530
self-esteem, 476, 487
self-management, 226, 421, 492–93
advocacy, 506–7
amputation and, 359–60
assessments and, 503–4
children and, 500–501
of chronic illness, 341, 493
competence levels of, 505t
components of, 497–500
diabetes management and, 392
education, 325–26, 501–2
enhancing adherence and, 398
HCPs and, 504–6
integration of, 507
internet and, 502
modalities, 502–3
program development, 506
programs, 496–97, 498t499t
psychotherapy, 504
RCTs, 360
support, 492–93
technology, 502–3
theory, 493–96
WPM and, 405–7
self-monitoring, 497–500, 534
self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG), 391, 396
self-regulation, 503
CSM of, 495
environment and, 494
internalization of, 283
social cognitive theory and, 530
Self-Regulation Skills Inventory (SRSI), 503
self-regulation theory, 139
self-reliance, 147
Seligman, Linda, 101
Seneca the Younger, 525
sense-making, 222
Sensitivity of One Person to Another (Dembo), 18
sensory impairment, 195
sequelae, 250, 482
Sequenced Treatment of Alternatives to Relieve Depression (STAR*D), 401
serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), 301
service delivery structure, 466–68
Severely Disable Persons Act (Germany), 457
sexual functioning
amputation and, 356
MI and, 339
SCI and, 291–92
training, 426–27
sham surgery, 438–39
shifting perspectives model, 49
Short Form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ), 310–11
Sickness Impact Profile (SIP), 56
Siller, Jerome, 35–36
singing classes, 331
single-case experimental designs (SCEDs), 105–8, 113–14, 259
single-participant designs, 257
6-minute walking distance (6MWD), 326
skills assessments, 428
sleep
COPD and, 322–23
disorders, 200
Smith-Hughes Act, 11
smoking. See tobacco use
smoking cessation care (SCC), 331
cardiovascular rehabilitation and, 344
depression and, 323
distress and, 338–39
PRP interventions and, 328
social bias, 437
social cognitive theory, 135, 493, 530–31
social exclusion, 453
social functioning
amputation and, 354
COPD and, 323
with epilepsy, 175
maladaptive, 177
school and, 179–80
training, 426–27
social inclusion
definition of, 465
impact of, 455–56
issues in, 466–68
policy, 465–66
social integration, 455–56
social justice, 376
social phobia, 239
social-physical environment, 50
Social Problem Solving Inventory-Revised (SPSI-R), 503
social psychology, 36–37
The Social Psychology of Physical Disability (Barker), 19
social roles, 455
social role valorization, 466
Social Security Act, 11
Social Security Administration (SSA), 459, 463
social support, 60–61
amputation adjustment and, 357–58
as behavior change strategy, 534
cancer and, 65
CID and, 64–66, 76
PR and, 332–33
pre-transplant evaluation and, 374
as protective factor, 476
PRP interventions and, 328
research, 71
resilience and, 485–86
SCI and, 291
sociocultural understanding, 543
sociodemographic predictors, of PA to CID, 56–60
Soldiers Rehabilitation Act, 11
solid organs, 369–71
Solotaroff, Lynn, 275
somatopsychology, 36, 49
somatosensory inputs, 112
Spain, 22–23
special education services, 172, 178–79
specific rates, 91
speech-language-based treatment, 116
spinal cord injury (SCI), 5–6
acute, 285–88
CBT and, 293
CET and, 40
chronic pain and, 286–87
coping with, 288
DC and, 62–63
EC and, 61
employment and, 454
families and, 294
features of, 55
goal setting, 135f
interventions for, 292–94
longitudinal studies of, 71–72
personality attributes and, 66–67
pressure-reliefs and, 116f
psychosocial factors in, 288–92
PTSD and, 288–89
resilience and, 475, 483–84
salutary attributes and, 67
self-management programs, 499t
social integration and, 456
social support and, 64–65
TSI of, 58–60
Spinal Cord Injury Model Systems Program, 89
staff
needs assessment education and, 139–40
skills, 568f
standardized rates, 91
Standards Manual for Organizations Serving People with Disabilities, 277
standards of care, 128–29
State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), 56
statistical process control (SPC), 115
statistical significance testing, 94
stem cell research, 439
stigma, 545
stimulus control, 200, 534
stress
caregiving, 164
cognitive model of, 135
diathesis, 303
immune system and, 219
management, 346, 534
models, 493
MS and, 218
resilience and, 480
stress-relapse link, 218–19
stroke, 37, 235–36
clinical conditions following, 237–39
cognitive problems following, 239–40
cognitive rehabilitation for, 244
emotional distress and, 237
factors affecting recovery from, 240
haemorrhagica, 235
hospitalization and, 236–37
individual interventions for, 241–45
interventions for, 240–45
ischemic, 235
organizational interventions for, 241
physical effects of, 236
psychological consequences of, 236–40
social inclusion and, 456
traumatic impact of, 236
structural equation modeling, 303
structured clinical observation, 428
Structured Interview for Renal Transplant (SIRT), 373
Studies in Adjustment to Visible Injuries: Evaluation of Help by the Injured (Ladieu, Hanfmann, & Dembo), 18
Studies in Adjustment to Visible Injuries: Social Acceptance of the Injured (Ladieu, Adler, & Dembo), 18
substance use, 374–75, 381
substituted judgment, 436
suicide
liver transplants and, 370
MS and, 217
SCI and, 289
Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities, 408
support groups (SGs), 165–66
COPD, 331–32
internet and, 167
surrogates, 436–37
Survey of Income Program Participation (SIPP), 464
survivor guilt, 381
T
target development, 136f
task performance, 135
task shifting, 567, 567f
Taub, Edward, 34
taxonomies, 100
TBI Model Systems, 259
(p. 593) team building, 145
technical assistance services, 461t
technology, 20. See also assistive technology
caregiving and, 166–67
ethical challenges and, 434–36
mismatches, 422
self-management, 502–3
services, 461t
terminology, 5
thematic analyses of essays, 163–74
therapeutic alliance, 101–2
Thomas, Lewis, 275
thoughts, 407
Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act of 1999 (TWWIA), 458–59, 463
time
frames, 135
of hospitalization, 129
series, 114–15
units, 114
time since diagnosis (TSD), 58–60
time since injury (TSI), 58–60
tobacco use, 374–75, 378
tokenism, 548
Trail Making Test (TMT), 194
training, 16–18
assessments, 427–28
autogenic, 306, 346
availability of, 427
cognitive, 331
collaborative care, 427
competency model of, 443–44
core competencies, 424–25
cultural issues and, 429
culturally competent, 445
environmental functioning, 426–27
evaluations, 424
guidelines, 419–21, 428–29
implementation intention, 345
improvements for, 426–27
length of, 424
master's degree programs, 425
MCC, 550
memory, 282
meta-cognitive strategy, 266
organizational skills, 283
PhD programs, 425
postdoctoral, 420t
problem-solving, 496–97
rehabilitation psychology, 417–18
research, 16
scanning, 282
survey data on, 423–26
user involvement in, 429
VR, 469
VR services and, 460t
transactional model of stress and coping, 40
transcutaneous nerve stimulation (TENS), 361
transplantation, 368–69
adjustment to, 379–83
ethical issues in, 375–77
heart, 370–71
heart-lung, 371
kidney, 369–70
liver, 369f
lung, 371
organ donors, 381, 384
path to, 371–72
postsurgical stages of, 377–78
post-transplant regimen, 378–79
pre-transplant evaluations, 372–75
QOL after, 379–80
rates, 370f
rehabilitation, 377–78
solid organ, 369–71
survival rates, 378–79, 378t
waiting periods, 372
transportation services, 461t
transtheoretical model (TTM), 494
traumatic brain injury (TBI), 55, 248–49
ACRM recommendations, 282–83
assessments of, 252–57
CBT and, 40
cognitive impairments and, 264–66
cognitive rehabilitation, 117f
comorbid with SCI, 285–86
course of recovery for, 250–52
early post-acute phase of, 251
EBP and, 257–59
epidemiology of, 249–50
FIM and, 102–3
final phase of, 251–52
goal setting and, 256–57
ICF and, 255t
IEDs and, 280
initial acute phase of, 250–51
interventions, 263–67
mechanisms of, 250
outcome of, 252
resilience and, 482
SCEDs and, 106
Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems Database, 94
treatment dissemination, 535–36
Treatment of Obesity in Underserved Rural Setting (TOURS) study, 535–36
treatment variables, 100–102
TRICARE insurance, 97–98
Trieschmann, Roberta, 5–6
Trinity Amputation and Prosthesis Experience Scales (TAPES), 358
type A behavior, 346
U
ubuntu, 568–69
Ulysses Contract, 437
unemployment, 149
unipolar depressive disorders, 4
United Kingdom, 22, 425–26, 445–46
primary care in, 519
quality incentives, 516
United Nations, 558–60
United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disability (UNCRPD), 556–57, 559–61
United Nations Department of Information, 454
United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), 455, 558
United Network of Organ Sharing (UNOS), 371
United States (US), 18–20, 425–26
employment in, 457–58
health care model of, 513–14
health policy, 511–13
reimbursement methods in, 516–19
social inclusion policy in, 465–66
Universal Declaration of Ethical Principals for Psychologists, 447
University of North Texas, 22
Update on Health Care Reform, 432
user-centered care, 433
user involvement, 429
utilization data, 94
V
Vakil, Eli, 24
value-based insurance model, 518–19
valued roles, 454–56
values
assessments, 428
changes, 54
values-based practice, 441
Verbal Rating Scale (VRS), 310–11
veterans, 11
Veterans Administration (VA), 280–81
vision statements, 424
Visual Analog Scale (VAS), 310–11
(p. 594) visual feedback, 307
visual scanning, 283
visuospatial disorders, 264, 282
vital statistics registrations, 94
vocation, 13
vocational counseling, 14–15
vocational rehabilitation (VR), 100–101, 148–50, 453–54
counseling, 460t
cultural foundations of, 546
definition of, 456–57
disability policy and, 457–58
outcomes, 459–63, 462t
rehabilitation psychology and, 468–70
research, 469–70
services, 459, 460t461t
training, 469
Vocational Rehabilitation Act, 11
Vygotsky, Lev, 144, 275
W
warfare, 4, 11
injuries, 280
TBI and, 249
Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI), 373
Weight, Activity, Variety and Excess (WAVE), 530
weight-loss interventions, 532
well-being, 36–37
amputation and, 357
longitudinal indicators of, 72
psychosocial, 53
Wellstone and Domenici Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equality Act, 516
Wernike, Carl, 273
What Works Clearinghouse, 106
whole person model (WPM), 388, 405–7, 405f, 406t
within-group determinants, 548–49
workforce demand, 427
Workforce Investment Act (WIA), 458, 463
Work Incentives Improvement Act of 1999, 463
World Bank, 558, 562
World Health Organization (WHO), 4–5, 21, 189–90, 455
CBR and, 561
Community-Based Rehabilitation matrix, 145
diabetes and, 389–90
Maximizing Positive Synergies Collaborative Group, 564
poverty and, 558
task shifting and, 567f
World Mental Health Surveys, 404
World Report on Disability, 562
World War I, 273–74, 457–58
World War II, 274–76
Wright, Beatrice A., 5, 12, 12t, 18–19, 36
Wright, George N., 12, 23
Y
Year of Individuals with Disabilities, 22
Yom Kippur War, 276–77
young people. See also children
diabetes and, 394
resilience in, 476–77
Z
Zangwill, Oliver, 22, 275–76